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Surgical site infection: main cause of readmission of patients undergoing cardiac surgery
© Barreiros et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2015
Published: 16 June 2015
Readmissions are a frequent problem in health institutions, bringing discomfort to the patient and family, and weigh the health system and society, therefore, cardiac patients suffer multiple readmissions to achieve full control of the disease or death, due to the complexity and the difficult management of cardiovascular diseases. Among the common causes of readmission there are the infections related to health care.
To characterize the readmission cardiac patients after the surgical procedure.
This is a quantitative, retrospective, descriptive study, conducted through the medical records of patients who underwent cardiac surgery and subsequent readmission.
The sample consisted of 62 patients readmitted after performing heart surgery, these 66% were male, with predominant age group of 61 to 70 years and the comorbidities that stood out was hypertension (80%). The surgical site infection was the leading cause of rehospitalization, significantly associated to the variables obesity and dyslipidemia.
The identification of patients at risk for the development of surgical site infection can minimize readmission rates and reduce the costs associated with care, and must therefore, be subject to a different action planning by the nursing staff.
Disclosure of interest
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.