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Surgical site infection among patients undergoing cardiac transplantation
© Rodrigues et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2015
Published: 16 June 2015
The patient undergoing transplantation is susceptible to many diseases, especially the surgical site infections, which are the third leading cause of infection related to health care in Brazil.
To analyze the occurrence and the predisposing factors for surgical site infection in patients undergoing cardiac transplantation, verifying the relationship between infections and variables related to the patient and the surgical procedure.
This retrospective cohort study was conducted exploring the medical records of patients older than 18 years who underwent heart transplantation. The correlation between variables was performed using the exact test of Fischer and Mann-Whitney-Wilcoxon.
The sample consisted of 86 patients, predominantly men, with severe systemic disease, underwent extensive preoperative hospitalization. Showed signs of surgical site infection 9.3% of transplant, five (62.5%) superficial incisional, two (25%) and deep (12.5%) of organ/space. There was no statistically significant association between variables related to the patient and the surgical procedure.
There was no association between variables and cases of surgical site infection, possibly related to the small number of cases of infection in the sample investigated.
Disclosure of interest
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.