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Table 4 Percent availability and median MPRs of different antimicrobials by type of health care facility

From: What roles do accredited drug dispensing outlets in Tanzania play in facilitating access to antimicrobials? Results of a multi-method analysis

  ADDOs n = 94 Public health care facilities n = 72 Private pharmacies n = 13
  % Availability [95 % CI] Median MPR (25th, 75th percentiles)a, b % Availability [95 % CI] Median MPR (25th, 75th percentiles)a, b % Availability [95 % CI] Median MPR (25th, 75th percentiles)a
All antimicrobials 5.3 [2.2, 12.3]   0.0 [., .]   61.5 [31.0, 85.1]  
All suspension formulations 60.6 [48.7, 71.4]   22.2 [13.4, 34.5]   76.9 [46.5, 92.8]  
Amoxicillin trihydrate 250 mg caps 81.9 [72.6, 88.6] 2.25 (1.69, 2.70) 86.1 [74.9, 92.8] 1.69 (1.35, 2.70) 100.0 [., .] 1.69 (1.69, 2.36)
Amoxicillin trihydrate 125 mg/5 mL suspension 86.2 [77.0, 92.1] 1.96 (1.84, 2.45) 62.0 [49.2, 73.3] 1.84 (1.10, 2.45) 100.0 [., .] 1.84 (1.22, 2.45)
Co-trimoxazole 480 mg tablets 87.2 [78.9, 92.6] 2.65 (2.12, 3.19) 84.7 [73.9, 91.6] 1.86 (1.33, 2.65) 92.3 [59.7, 99.0] 2.65 (2.39, 2.65)
Co-trimoxazole 240 mg/5 mL suspension 89.4 [81.3, 94.2] 1.80 (1.80, 2.40) 60.6 [48.0, 71.9] 1.80 (1.13, 2.22) 92.3 [59.7, 99.0] 1.80 (1.20, 2.40)
Erythromycin 250 mg tablets 75.5 [64.8, 83.8] 1.59 (1.32, 1.59) 83.1 [69.7, 91.3] 1.30 (0.63, 1.59) 100.0 [., .] 1.59 (1.59, 1.59)
Erythromycin 125 mg/5 mL suspension 74.5 [63.2, 83.2] 1.33 (1.33, 1.67) 54.2 [41.4, 66.4] 1.33 (1.21, 1.73) 92.3 [59.7, 99.0] 1.33 (1.33, 1.50)
Metronidazole 200 mg tablets 90.4 [83.0, 94.8] 3.28 (2.95, 4.92) 93.1 [84.0, 97.2] 2.46 (1.64, 3.93) 92.3 [59.7, 99.0] 3.11 (1.97, 4.92)
Metronidazole 200 mg/5 mL suspension 80.9 [71.0, 87.9] 3.24 (2.43, 3.24) 29.2 [19.2, 41.7] 2.43 (1.70, 3.24) 92.3 [59.7, 99.0] 2.43 (2.19, 3.24)
Ampicillin 250 mg caps 29.8 [21.3, 40.0] 2.14 (1.60, 2.25) 7.0 [2.9, 16.0] 2.57 (1.60, 3.08) 69.2 [42.7, 87.2] 1.60 (1.28, 1.60)
Ciprofloxacin 500 mg tablets 36.2 [26.9, 46.6] 2.38 (1.59, 3.17) 76.4 [63.2, 85.9] 2.38 (1.59, 3.02) 100.0 [., .] 1.59 (1.59, 2.38)
Ampicillin/ cloxacillin 500 mg caps 31.9 [22.9, 42.5] Not available 23.6 [14.8, 35.5] Not available 100.0 [., .] Not available
Doxycycline 100 mg caps/tablets 60.6 [50.6, 69.8] 4.17 (3.33, 4.17) 86.1 [75.1, 92.7] 4.17 (2.08, 4.17) 100.0 [., .] 4.17 (2.08, 4.17)
Tetracycline 250 mg caps 28.3 [19.9, 38.4] 2.26 (2.26, 2.63) 8.3 [3.7, 17.8] 2.26 (0.90, 2.26) 92.3 [59.7, 99.0] 2.26 (2.03, 2.26)
Procaine penicillin fortified 4MU, powder for injection 52.1 [41.1, 63.0] 2.23 (1.78, 2.23) 62.5 [51.2, 72.6] 2.01 (0.72, 2.79) 76.9 [49.9, 91.8] 1.78 (1.56, 2.23)
Benzyl penicillin 5MU, powder for injection 44.7 [33.3, 56.6] 2.44 (2.19, 2.44) 88.9 [78.3, 94.7] 2.44 (1.22, 3.05) 84.6 [57.2, 95.8] 1.95 (1.71, 2.44)
  1. This table shows the percent availability and median prices in relation to international reference prices of different antimicrobials by type of health care facility
  2. a Median price ratio (MPR) = median unit price in outlets/International Drug Price Indicator Guide reference procurement price
  3. b Comparison of the 14 available antimicrobials median MPRs between ADDOs and public health care facilities: p = 0.0425 (paired t-test)