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Table 1 Actions and advice from pharmacies in the upper respiratory tract infection and acute gastro-enteritis simulations

From: Pharmacy-based dispensing of antimicrobial agents without prescription in India: appropriateness and cost burden in the private sector

Type of action and advice Proportion of pharmacies in each simulated condition
Upper respiratory tract infection in adult Acute gastro-enteritis in child
n = 115 (%) n = 146 (%)
Dispensation of antibiotics without prescription 82 (71.3) 92 (63.0)
Queries regarding drug allergies Nil Nil
Instruction on dose of dispensed antibiotic(s) 79 (96.3) 22 (23.9)
Instruction on duration of dispensed antibiotic(s) 75 (91.5) 14 (15.2)
Instruction on side effects of dispensed antibiotic(s) Nil Nil
Need for prescription (cited by non-dispensing pharmacies) 3/33 (9.1) 13/54 (24.1)
Instruction on need to visit doctor 25 (21.7) 49 (33.6)
Non-pharmacological advice Steam inhalation: 21 (18.3) ORS and/or zinc: 18 (12.3)
  1. ORS: Oral rehydration solution