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Table 3 The top 5 most prescribed antibiotic substances in the northern Netherlands and north-west Germany, by age group and the total

From: Cross-border comparison of antibiotic prescriptions among children and adolescents between the north of the Netherlands and the north-west of Germany

Age Netherlands % Germany %
0–2 years.     
 1st Amoxicillin 70.7 % Cefaclor 29.5 %
 2nd Amoxicillin-clavulanate 10.5 % Amoxicillin 22.0 %
 3rd Clarithromycin 6.6 % Erythromycin 14.2 %
 4th Sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim 3.7 % Cefuroxime 5.9 %
 5th Pheneticillin 2.7 % Phenoxymethylpenicillin 4.8 %
Total of the 5 most prescribed 94.2 %   76.4 %
3–6 years.     
 1st Amoxicillin 56.1 % Amoxicillin 22.2 %
 2nd Amoxicillin-clavulanate 13.6 % Cefaclor 21.9 %
 3rd Clarithromycin 8.9 % Phenoxymethylpenicillin 10.5 %
 4th Pheneticillin 4.5 % Erythromycin 10.0 %
 5th Sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim 4.2 % Sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim 7.9 %
Total of the 5 most prescribed 87.4 %   72.6 %
7–10 year.     
 1st Amoxicillin 43.5 % Amoxicillin 19.7 %
 2nd Amoxicillin-clavulanate 13.5 % Cefaclor 18.1 %
 3rd Clarithromycin 9.6 % Erythromycin 11.2 %
 4th Nitrofurantoin 7.8 % Phenoxymethylpenicillin 11.1 %
 5th Flucloxacillin 6.6 % Sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim 8.1 %
Total of the 5 most prescribed 81.1 %   68.2 %
11–13 years.     
 1st Amoxicillin 36.5 % Amoxicillin 22.4 %
 2nd Amoxicillin-clavulanate 13.2 % Cefaclor 12.6 %
 3rd Clarithromycin 10.0 % Cefuroxime 10.7 %
 4th Nitrofurantoin 8.9 % Sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim 8.7 %
 5th Sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim 5.8 % Phenoxymethylpenicillin 8.1 %
Total of the 5 most prescribed 74.4 %   62.5 %
14–17 years.     
 1st Nitrofurantoin 19.7 % Amoxicillin 19.7 %
 2nd Amoxicillin 16.0 % Cefuroxime 9.4 %
 3rd Doxycycline 14.8 % Azithromycin 8.4 %
 4th Amoxicillin-clavulanate 10.5 % Phenoxymethylpenicillin 8.1 %
 5th Pheneticillin 8.1 % Sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim 8.0 %
Total of the 5 most prescribed 69.0 %   53.6 %
0–17 years.     
 1st Amoxicillin 49.6 % Amoxicillin 21.1 %
 2nd Amoxicillin-clavulanate 11.9 % Cefaclor 17.3 %
 3rd Clarithromycin 7.7 % Phenoxymethylpenicillin 9.0 %
 4th Nitrofurantoin 7.0 % Erythromycin 9.0 %
 5th Pheneticillin 4.8 % Cefuroxime 7.9 %
Total of the 5 most prescribed 81.0 %   64.3 %