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Table 4 Antimicrobial use among customers in drug retailer outlets in Central Zone, Tigray, Ethiopia, 2016

From: Non-prescribed antimicrobial use and associated factors among customers in drug retail outlet in Central Zone of Tigray, northern Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

Antimicrobial use Antimicrobial use
Prescribed,
n (%)
Non-prescribed,
n (%)
Total
n (%)
Ever received antimicrobial
 No 129 (31.2) 87 (23.7) 216 (26.2)
 Yes 284 (68.8) 280 (76.3) 564 (73.8)
Ever received non-prescribed anti-microbial
 No 291 (70.5) 146 (39.8) 437 (56.0)
 Yes 122 (29.5) 221 (60.2) 343 (44.0)
Decision on non-prescription antimicrobial drug use (n = 344)
 The illness was accidental 33 (27) 46 (20.7) 79 (10.1)
 Mildness of illness 26 (21.3) 37 (16.7) 63 (8.1)
 The drug was a broad anti-microbial 15 (12.3) 21 (9.5) 36 (4.6)
 Treated with the previous drug 24 (19.7) 48 (21.6) 72 (9.2)
 Less money and time consumed 22 (18) 68 (30.6) 90 (11.5)
 Others 2 (1.6) 2 (0.9) 4 (0.5)
In the past 6 months, how often non-prescription anti-microbial drug has been purchased
 None 145 (35.1) 82 (22.3) 227 (29.1)
 1–3 121 (29.3) 169 (46) 290 (37.1)
  ≥ 4 147 (35.6) 116 (31.6) 263 (33.8)
In the past 6 months, ever experienced similar disease/symptoms (n = 564)
 No 163 (57.4) 128 (45.7) 291 (51.6)
 Yes 121 (42.6) 152 (54.3) 273 (48.4)
For whom does this antimicrobial drug provide
 Myself 289 (70) 230 (62.7) 519 (66.5)
 Father/mother/brother/sister 39 (9.4) 46 (12.5) 85 (10.9)
 Daughter/son 78 (18.9) 83 (22.6) 161 (20.6)
 Others (wife, husband etc.) 7 (1.7) 8 (2.2) 15 (2)
Have you received this non-prescribed anti-microbial for:
 Self-medication 289 (70) 230 (62.7) 519 (66.5)
 Caregiver medication 124 (30) 137 (37.3) 261 (33.5)
Magnitude of non-prescribed antimicrobial use - 367 (47.1) -