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Table 1 Characteristics of enrolled patients

From: Alcohol-based hand rub and incidence of healthcare associated infections in a rural regional referral and teaching hospital in Uganda (‘WardGel’ study)

  All n (%) Baseline n (%) Intervention n (%) p value
Number of patients enrolled 3335 1848 (55.4) 1487 (44.6)  
Adult 1723 (51.7) 898 (48.6) 825 (55.5) <0.01
Female 2369 (71.0) 1290 (69.8) 1079 (72.6) 0.08
Mean age among adult patients, (SD), y 29.7 (12.6) 29.4 (11.9) 30.1 (13.3) 0.21
Mean age among pediatric patients, (SD), y 3.9 (5.0) 3.8 (5.0) 4.1 (4.9) 0.24
Department
 OBGYN 1595 (47.8) 854 (46.2) 741 (49.8) <0.01
 Pediatrics 1336 (40.1) 814 (44.1) 522 (35.1)  
 Surgery 404 (12.1) 180 (9.7) 224 (15.1)  
Ward
 Post-natal 1139 (34.1) 621 (33.6) 518 (34.8) <0.01
 Gynecology 456 (13.7) 233 (12.6) 223 (15.0)  
 General pediatrics 669 (20.1) 359 (19.4) 310 (20.8)  
 Acute pediatric unit 667 (20.0) 455 (24.6) 212 (14.3)  
 Surgery 404 (12.1) 180 (9.8) 224 (15.1)  
Living in rural region 2634 (79.0) 1455 (78.8) 1179 (79.3) 0.74
Education (adult patients only)
 None 786 (45.7) 401 (44.8) 385 (46.7) 0.28
 Primary 605 (35.1) 313 (34.9) 292 (35.4)  
 Secondary 255 (14.8) 135 (15.1) 120 (14.5)  
 Tertiary 75 (4.4) 47 (5.2) 28 (3.4)  
Antibiotic use 2286 (68.6) 1290 (69.8) 996 (67.0) 0.08
 Mean length of antibiotic use (SD), d 2.4 (2.6) 2.2 (2.1) 2.7 (3.1) <0.01
Urinary catheter use 573 (17.3) 323 (17.6) 250 (16.9) 0.58
 Mean length of urinary catheter use, (SD), d 2.3 (3.8) 1.3 (1.4) 3.5 (5.2) <0.01
Mechanical ventilation Use 210 (6.3) 78 (4.3) 132 (8.9) <0.01
 Mean length of mechanical ventilation use, (SD), d 0.0 (0.1) 0.0 (0.2) 0.0 (0.0) 0.07
Surgery performed 873 (26.3) 491 (26.8) 382 (25.7) 0.51
 Major surgery 611 (70.0) 339 (69.0) 272 (71.2) 0.49
 General anesthesia 324 (37.3) 159 (32.7) 165 (43.3) <0.01
 Prophylaxis antibiotic use 800 (91.6) 443 (90.2) 357 (93.5) 0.09