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Table 4 The occurrence of enteric bacterial pathogens in relation to risk factors among HIV- infected individuals at HUCSH, 2016

From: The common enteric bacterial pathogens and their antimicrobial susceptibility pattern among HIV-infected individuals attending the antiretroviral therapy clinic of Hawassa university hospital, southern Ethiopia

Characteristics Number (%) tested (n = 215) Number (%) positive for enteric bacteria (n = 27) Crude odds ratio (95% CI)
Hand washing practice
 Always 98 (45.6) 9 (9.2) 1
 Sometimes 117 (54.4) 18 (15.4) 1.87 (0.76–4.59)
Consume raw food
 Yes 141 (65.6) 23 (16.3) 3.41 (1.13–10.3)a
 No 74 (34.4) 4 (5.4) 1
Domestic animal at home
 Yes 114 (53.0) 18 (15.8) 1.92 (0.82–4.4)
 No 101 (47.0) 9 (8.9) 1
Source of water for drinking
 Protected 191 (88.8) 22 (11.5) 1
 Un-Protected 24 (11.2) 5 (20.8) 2.02 (0.69–5.96)
Use of treated drinking water
 Yes 92 (42.8) 9 (9.8) 1
 No 123 (57.2) 18 (14.6) 1.77 (0.76–4.13)
Availability of private latrine
 Yes 206 (95.8) 25 (12.1) 1
 No 9 (4.2) 2 (22.2) 2.07 (0.41–10.52)
  1. astatistically significant