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Table 1 Prevalence of post-ERCP HAIs and biliary tract infections for different types of ERCP operations

From: Post-ERCP infection and its epidemiological and clinical characteristics in a large Chinese tertiary hospital: a 4-year surveillance study

Operations No. of operations No. (%) of HAIs No. (%) of biliary tract infections
Diagnostic ERCP 133 6 (4.51) 5 (3.76)
 Diagnostic ERCP 133 6 (4.51) 5 (3.76)
Therapeutic ERCP 1610 126 (7.83) 65 (4.03)
 Lithotomy of duodenal papilla 727 26 (3.58) 7 (0.96)
 Biliary stent implantation 570 77 (13.51) 47 (8.25)
 Pancreatic duct stent implantation 137 7 (5.11) 0 (0)
 Bile duct lithotomy 69 7 (10.14) 4 (5.80)
 Bile duct stent extraction and replacement 48 5 (10.42) 3 (6.25)
 Other therapeutic ERCP 59 4 (6.78) 4 (6.78)
Total 1743 132 (7.57) 70 (4.02)
  1. HAIs included biliary tract infections, transient primary bacteremia, and respiratory tract infections
  2. ERCP endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, HAIs healthcare-associated infections