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Table 1 Influence of Product Application Volume on Antibacterial Efficacy and Dry-Times

From: How long is enough? Identification of product dry-time as a primary driver of alcohol-based hand rub efficacy

Application Volume Mean Log10 Reduction Factor (SD) Mean Dry-time p-value
EN 1500 Testing (SD) Uncontaminated Hands (SD) Comparison of Dry-timesa Overall Comparison of Dry-times at All Volumesb
1 mL 1.99 (0.66) 24 s (7 s) 20 s (5 s) 0.006 0.004
2 mL 2.96 (0.84) 50 s (14 s) 39 s (12 s) 0.005
3 mL 3.28 (0.96) 67 s (20 s) 59 s (15 s) 0.030
  1. N = 15. All data produced with the same participants
  2. aPaired t-test, one-tailed
  3. bRepeated measures linear model, one-tailed