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Table 1 Overview of implemented interventions

From: The effect of antibiotic stewardship interventions with stakeholder involvement in hospital settings: a multicentre, cluster randomized controlled intervention study

Intervention Hospital Specialty Intervention sessions Attendance consultants/ residents (estimated) Performed by Special features of each intervention Common features of intervention sessions for both audit with feedback and academic detailing
Audit with feedback A Pulmonary medicine 16.05.14 70% Local pharmacist + study ward consultant Focus areas:
Pneumonia (CAP)
COPD exacerbations
- > Adherence to guideline (50 patients)
Use of broad-spectrum antibiotics
- > Indication for treatment (50 patients)
1. Verbal presentation including:
- Antibiotic resistance
- Antibiotic guideline
- Dosing of antibiotics
- Ward antibiotic sales statistics
2. Discussion among ward physicians:
- Ward prescribing practice
- Challenges
- Target setting (1–2 targets)
B Infectious diseases 20.05.14
Academic detailing A Gastro-enterology 14.05.14 90% Local ID-physician Case discussions on recently discharged patients with infectious diseases.
Variety of diagnoses, chosen by ID-physician
B Pulmonary medicine 13.05.14
C Infectious diseases 20.05.14
Control A Infectious diseases
B Gastro-enterology
C Pulmonary medicine