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Table 3 Characteristics of the events* in both dialysis units during a nine-year study period

From: Access-related infections in two haemodialysis units: results of a nine-year intervention and surveillance program

  Unit A Unit B
N (%) N (%)
Total events 938 1061
Hospitalizations 700 (75) 725 (68)
Treated with antimicrobials 648 (69) 747 (70)
Bacteremia episodes 146 (16) 121 (11)
Access exit site infection& 27 (3) 13 (1)
Access-related infections 85 (9) 41 (4)
Pathogens isolated# 65 (76) 31 (76)
Enterobacteriaceae 30 (46) 8 (26)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa 8 (12) 1 (3)
Staphylococcus aureus 11 (17) 15 (48)
Other gram positive cocci 13 (20) 6 (19)
Other $ 3 (5) 1 (3)
  1. * Events – hospitalization, antibiotic treatment, positive blood culture, vascular exit site infection or
  2. catheter exchange due to infection
  3. & Access exit site infection – tunnelled catheter, 21/27 (78%) in unit A and 11/13 (85%) in unit B; AV graft and AV fistula, each, 3/27 (11%) in unit A and 1/13 (8%) in unit B
  4. # Pathogens could be isolated either from blood culture or exit site infection
  5. $ Other – unit A, 2 candida sp. and 1 polymicrobial; unit B, 1 anaerobe