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Table 4 Factors associated with culture positive sputum at FHRH, 2018

From: Bacteriology of community acquired pneumonia in adult patients at Felege Hiwot Referral Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

Variables Culture   
Positive Negative COR(95% CI) p-value AOR(95% CI) p-value
Sex Male 100 139 1.160(0.778,1.728) 0.466   
Female 67 108
Age 18–35 35 54     
36–49 85 108 1.199(0.722,1.994) 0.483   
50–64 32 66 0.741(0.408,1.344) 0.323   
≥ 65 15 19 1.206(0.544,2.676) 0.645   
Occupation Government employee 31 34     
Farmer 67 141 0.521(0.296,0.919) 0.024 0.390(0.105,1.450) 0.160
Merchant 25 21 1.306(0.612,2.784) .490   
House wife 22 28 0.862(0.411,1.808) 0.694   
Daily laborer 15 6 2.742(0.946,7.950) 0.063 1.796(0.481,6.709) 0.384
Student 7 17 0.452(0.165,1.235) 0.121 0.606(0.165,2.229) 0.451
Educational status No education 88 161 1.025(0.418,2.512) 0.957   
1–8 grade 40 42 1.786(0.683,4.669) 0.237   
9–12 grade 31 29 2.004(0.740,5.428) 0.171 2.228(0.728,6.820) 0.160
Diploma and above 8 15     
Residence Rural 85 171 0.461(0.307,0.692) 0.000 0.638(0.283,1.439) 0.279
Urban 82 76
Over Crowded living condition Yes 94 104 1.771(1.191,2.632) 0.005 1.579 (1.015,2.456) 0.043
No 73 143
Alcohol use Yes 97 71 3.435(2.273,5.190) 0.000 4.043(2.537,6.443) 0.000
No 70 176
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