Skip to main content

Table 4 Behavioural factors associated with greater knowledge of antimicrobial resistance and infection control measures

From: Awareness among French healthcare workers of the transmission of multidrug resistant organisms: a large cross-sectional survey

Population-based variablesPopulation (n (%))Univariate analysis (OR (95% CI))Multivariate analysis (adjusted OR (95% CI))
KS < 4KS ≥ 4
Perceived susceptibility
 - No agreement503 (14)528 (6)1.001.0
 - Agreement3096 (86)4789 (94)2.37 (2.05–2.75)2.33 (1.95–2.78)
Perceived knowledge
 - No agreement1257 (35)1910 (37)1.001.0
 - Agreement2342 (65)3207 (63)0.90 (0.82–0.98)1.06 (0.95–1.18)
Intention to adhere
 - No agreement1232 (34)1809 (35)1.00NA
 - Agreement2367 (66)3308 (65)0.95 (0.87–1.04)
Attitude toward hand hygiene
 - No agreement442 (12)348 (7)1.001.0
 - Agreement3157 (88)4769 (93)1.92 (1.66–2.22)1.98 (1.65–2.37)
Perceived behavioural norm
 - No agreement1755 (49)2701 (53)1.001.0
 - Agreement1844 (51)2415 (47)0.85 (0.78–0.93)0.95 (0.86–1.05)
Perceived subjective norm
 - No agreement2025 (56)3066 (60)1.001.0
 - Agreement1574 (44)2051 (40)0.86 (0.79–0.94)0.98 (0.89–1.09)
Self-efficacy
 - No agreement944 (26)1226 (24)1.001.0
 - Agreement2655 (74)3891 (76)1.13 (1.02–1.24)1.22 (1.09–1.38)
Motivation
 - No agreement647 (18)758 (15)1.01.0
 - Agreement2952 (82)4359 (85)1.26 (1.12–1.41)1.42 (1.24–1.62)
  1. Adjusted odds ratio: adjusted for type of HCF, gender, age, professional status, working unit and training
  2. See Additional file 1: Table S3 for the formulation of the eight questions about perceptions
  3. KS Knowledge score, OR Odds ratio, CI Confidence interval, NA Not applicable (numerous missing data)