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Table 1 Study population characteristics (1.a) Age distribution occupation and antibiotic use, (1.b) direct environmental characteristics of households

From: An exploration of the gut and environmental resistome in a community in northern Vietnam in relation to antibiotic use

1.a
VariablesNo. (%)
Resident (n = 359)Enrolled (n = 265)Resistome analysis (n = 93)
Age group (years) (Mean + SD)32.1 ± 19.232.4 ± 19.629.4 ± 18.9
 0 to 1161 (17.0)54 (20.4)23 (25)
 12 to 1852 (14.5)39 (14.7)12 (13)
 19 to 55192 (53.5)133 (50.2)50 (54)
 >  5654 (15.0)39 (14.7)8 (9.0)
Male sex170 (47.4)117 (44.5)38 (41)
Occupation
 Farmer154 (42.9)115 (43.0)36 (39)
 Health care staff6 (1.7)2 (0.8)0 (0)
 Worker36 (10.0)23 (8.7)10 (11)
 Others (teacher, engineer, accountant, etc)47 (13.1)28 (10.6)13 (11)
Antibiotic use during 6 months follow up
 Yes97 (27.0)93 (35.1)39 (42)
 Beta lactam (amoxicillin, cefepime, cefexime, cephalexin, penicillin)88 (90.7)84 (90.3)39 (100)
1.b
VariablesNo. (%)
Number of HH (n = 80)HHs in resistome analysis (n = 40)
Main water
 Rain water75 (94)38 (95)
 Drain well water74 (93)36 (90)
 Cleaned water5 (6)2 (5)
 River water16 (20)6 (15)
Domestic animal
 Chicken56 (70)27 (68)
 Dog63 (79)31 (78)
 Pig9 (11)5 (12)
 Other (cow, duck, goose, bird, etc)62 (78) 
Origin of fertilizer used for vegetable culture
 Human1 (1)1 (2)
 Animal13 (16)8 (20)
 Chemical27 (34)14 (35)