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Table 3 Crude association between the baseline characteristics of patients with cUTI and the 30-day mortality

From: Clinical outcomes of hospitalised patients with catheter-associated urinary tract infection in countries with a high rate of multidrug-resistance: the COMBACTE-MAGNET RESCUING study

VariableOR95% CIp-valueICCa
Male gender0.620.39–1.010.070.2039
Age1.031.01–1.050.0010.1871
Diabetes mellitus0.980.58–1.660.820.1989
Haematological malignancy6.022.11–17.23< 0.0010.1918
Solid tumour1.50.78–2.890.360.2035
Liver disease1.390.5–3.830.650.2002
Charlson index1.211.11–1.330.0010.1723
Organ transplant0.610.2–1.870.080.1965
Immunosuppressive therapy0.70.28–1.740.400.1962
Corticosteroid therapy1.090.45–2.650.210.1964
Bedridden functional capacity3.131.83–5.37< 0.0010.1683
Chronic renal impairment1.160.67–2.030.230.1817
UTI within 1 year0.770.42–1.410.110.1878
Antibiotic within 30 days0.630.32–1.230.090.1869
Acquisition of cUTI in a medical care facility2.421.41–4.150.0010.1677
Urinary retention0.750.39–1.440.780.2149
Neurogenic bladder1.510.6–3.790.390.2001
Obstructive uropathy0.460.23–0.910.050.1905
Severe sepsis/ septic shock11.76.18–22.14< 0.0010.3077
Polymicrobial infection1.160.63–2.150.280.1947
MDR-GNB1.130.66–1.930.690.1887
Urgent admission1.150.55–2.390.920.2006
Admission reason: UTI0.280.16–0.5< 0.0010.1683
Admission from a medical care facility2.491.47–4.190.0010.2014
Escherichia coli0.670.42–1.10.090.1946
Klebsiella pneumoniae1.050.56–1.960.950.1989
Pseudomonas aeruginosa0.70.31–1.580.410.1998
Enterococcus0.90.38–2.150.910.1999
Proteus mirabilis1.580.75–3.320.130.1947
Urinary catheter as infection source2.561.52–4.32< 0.0010.1471
  1. OR odds ratio, 95%CI 95% confidence interval, ICC intra-class correlation, UTI urinary tract infection, cUTI complicated urinary tract, and MDR-GNB Multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria
  2. aThe ICC (range 0 to 1) expresses the magnitude of clustering. A high ICC (generally higher than 0.1) means that individuals within centers are more similar than between centers