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Table 2 Classification (and acronyms) of knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and behaviour items

From: Does the problem begin at the beginning? Medical students’ knowledge and beliefs regarding antibiotics and resistance: a systematic review

Classification Acronym
Correct knowledge about antimicrobial resistance KAR
Knowledge about antimicrobial prescription KAMP
Correct responses in clinical vignettes, resolution of clinical cases involving antimicrobial prescription including clinical cases related to: CRCV
  Respiratory tract infections RTICV
  Urinary tract infections UTICV
  Other clinical cases OTHCV
Sources of information and its usefulness  
 Formal lectures FL
 Textbooks TB
 Medical journals MJ
 Clinical cases and clinical rotation CC
 New technologies such as internet, uptodate, wikipedia, webcasts, podcasts, smartphone applications NT
 Antibiotic guidelines ABG
 Pharmaceutical companies PHC
 Other house staff physicians OHSP
 Other sources OTHS
Antibiotic resistance as a problem PARP
  Worldwide problem WP
  National problem NP
  Teaching hospital TH
  Their future career FC
Antibiotics overused ABOUP
  Overused, generally OUG
  Overused, nationally OUN
  Overused at teaching hospitals OUTH
Contributors to resistance PCR
  Inherent in the use of AB INH
  Too many AB prescriptions TMP
  Too many broad-spectrum AB used TMBS
  Too long treatment TLT
  Too low dosage or treatment not completed TLD
  Inappropriate use of AB IUAB
  Excessive use in livestock LSU
  Poor hand hygiene PHH
  Poor infection control measures PICM
  Preparedness in AB use or AB stewardship PPAB
  Confidence in AB knowledge or AB prescribing CABK
Responsibility RSP
  Own professional responsibility OPR
  Development of AB ABDP
 Integrating more training or education about antibiotics and resistance ABRE
 Self-medication with AB in general SSM
 Student's self-medication with AB for respiratory tract infections SMRTI
 Incorrect use of AB ICU