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Table 3 Patients’, drug and condition, and health facilities/workers’ related characteristics among uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria patients in AsgedeTsimbla, Tigray, Ethiopia, 2018 (n = 384)

From: Artemether–lumefantrin treatment adherence among uncomplicated plasmodium falciparum malaria patients, visiting public health facilities in AsgedeTsimbla district, Tigray, Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

Variable Frequency
n(%)
Patients’ related characteristics
Suspected malaria symptoms  
Sought treatment at health facility 303 (78.91)
Purchased drug from a drug shop 77 (21.08)
Used herbal medicine 4 (0.01)
Knew malaria was a severe/fatal disease  
Yes 284 (73.9)
No 100 (26.1)
Have you ever used AL treatment  
Yes 288 (75)
No 96 (25)
Knew Coartem® treated malaria effectively  
Yes 342 (89)
No 42 (11)
Recalled correct AL dose  
Yes 376 (97.9)
No 8 (2.1)
Recalled correct AL dose timing  
Yes 328 (85.4)
No 56 (14.6)
Recalled AL side effects  
Yes 80 (20.8)
No 304 (79.2)
Perceived preference of drug formulation  
Tablet 188 (49)
Syrup 112 (29.1)
Injection 84 (21.9)
Drug and condition related characteristics
Improved during the household visit  
Yes 346 (90)
No 38 (10)
Knew the consequences of not finishing AL treatment  
Yes 132 (34.4)
No 252 (65.6)
Had concomitant drugs  
Yes 164 (42.7)
No 220 (57.3)
Did AL treatment have too many tablets  
Yes 214 (55.7)
No 170 (44.3)
Had AL bitter taste  
Yes 202 (52.6)
No 182 (47.4)
Vomited within 30 min of ingestion  
Repeated the dose 196 (51)
Waited until the next dose 188 (49)
Improved before tablets got finished  
Continued until the full dose was finished 238 (62)
Stopped the medication/saved tablet for future 146 (38)
Worsened before tablets got finished  
Returned to a health facility 304 (79.2)
Continued until tablets got finished 39 (10.1)
Used herbal medicine 26 (6.7)
Took more dose than prescribed 15 (3.9)
Knew AL was taken with fatty food or milk  
Yes 120 (31.2)
No 264 (68.8)
Health facilities/workers related characteristics  
Treatment received  
At health center 222 (57.8)
At health post 162 (42.2)
The first dose of AL was taken at  
Home 326 (84.9)
Health facility 58 (15.1)
Got instruction on how to take the drug  
Yes 384 (100)
Method of instruction given  
Verbal only 158 (41.1)
Verbal and written 184 (47.9)
Package was used as a visual aid 42 (10.9)
Got a chance to repeat AL prescription instruction  
Yes 99 (25.8)
No 285 (74.2)
  1. Coartem®: trademark symbol, AL Artemether–lumefantrine