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Table 4 Knowledge and beliefs questions

From: The Clean pilot study: evaluation of an environmental hygiene intervention bundle in three Tanzanian hospitals

  Pre-training Post-training p value
# (%) # (%)
Questions with correct or incorrect answers1
 Whether respondent mentioned “unhygienic surfaces on the ward” as possible cause of umbilical cord infection 3/19 (16%) 12/19 (63%)  < 0.001
 Correctly answered “what is best to add to water before routine daily cleaning of floors and walls” 2/19 (11%) 7/19 (37%) 0.059
 Correctly answered “when should you empty the sharps bin” 11/19 (58%) 17/19 (89%) 0.034
  Mean (95% CI) Mean (95% CI) p value
Questions with scales of 1–5 (1 = very difficult/strongly disagree; 5 = very easy/strongly agree)2
 Availability of resources for cleaning    
  How difficult or easy is it to get all the equipment you need for cleaning? 4.1 (3.6–4.6) 3.9 (3.2–4.6) 0.788
  How easy/difficult is it to complete your cleaning tasks in the time available? 3.1 (2.3–3.8) 3.6 (2.9–4.3) 0.424
    If there is not enough chlorine solution, I tell my supervisor and it is supplied 4.8 (4.6–5.0) 4.8 (4.7–5.0) 0.812
  1. *N = 19 respondents
  2. 1p values for these questions were calculated using McNemar’s test
  3. 2p values for these questions were calculated using the sign rank test