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Table 2 Infection rates in intensive care units in lower-middle income countries, 2005–2018

From: Infections and antimicrobial resistance in intensive care units in lower-middle income countries: a scoping review

Biostatistical measure Patients admitted to ICU Patients infected during ICU stay ICU-acquired infections Total days stayed in ICU Observed frequency References
Number       
Attack rate 22,403   2032   9.1/100 admissions [13, 15, 28, 36, 45, 49, 50, 58, 59, 61, 62]
Point prevalence 2129 476    22.4/100 admitted [13, 28, 42,43,44, 53, 58, 62]
Incidence rate    3614 397,307 9.1/1000 ICU days [13, 15, 28, 41, 43, 44, 59]
VAP rate    1404 VAP 124,393 days on ventilator 11.3/1000 days on ventilator [14,15,16, 22, 25, 26, 28, 32, 38, 39, 41, 44, 48, 57]
CLABSI rate    1053 CLABSI 255,828 days with central line 4.1/1000 days with central line [14,15,16, 21, 25, 28, 32, 33, 38, 39, 41, 44, 55, 57]
CAUTI rate    916 CAUTI 300,679 days with catheter 3.0/1000 days with catheter [14,15,16, 25, 28, 32, 37,38,39, 41, 44, 48, 55,56,57]