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Table 2 Terminal Cleaning and Disinfection Score of the Fluorescent marker, ATP, and ACC Methods by Phases (n = 84)

From: Implementation of human factors engineering approach to improve environmental cleaning and disinfection in a medical center

MethodPhase 1(a)Phase 2(b)Phase 3(c)PPost-hoc (Bonferroni)a
Mean ± SD
Fluorescent marker39.4 ± 17.674.6 ± 17.685.4 ± 10.0< .001b > a***, c > a***, c > b***
ATP63.5 ± 13.484.8 ± 11.186.6 ± 9.6< .001b > a***, c > a***
ACC91.7 ± 6.396.5 ± 4.095.6 ± 5.1.002b > a**, c > a*
  1. NOTE. ATP ATP bioluminescence assay, ACC aerobic colony count, SD standard deviation
  2. a*P < .05, **P < .01, ***P < .001