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Table 1 Univariate analysis of risk factor for S. aureus carriage among drug users in Guangzhou, China, 2017

From: Prevalence, risk factors, phenotypic and molecular characteristics for Staphylococcus aureus carriage in community-based drug users in Guangzhou, China

CharacteristicsNon-S. aureus carriage (N = 300)S. aureus carriage (N = 53)P-value
Demographics-level
 Sex (Male)262 (87.33)47 (88.68)0.784
 age (> 50)169 (56.33)26 (49.06)0.326
Social-level
 Current employed (Yes)80 (26.67)14 (26.42)0.970
 Current cohabitataion (Yes)3 (1.00)4 (7.55)0.011
 Low income (Yes)61 (20.33)17 (32.08)0.058
 History of homelessness in past 6 months (Yes)9 (3.00)3 (5.66)0.400
 History of incarceration (Yes)240 (80.00)44 (83.02)0.609
Behavior-level
 History of vaginal sex in past 1 month (Yes)97 (33.68)13 (26.53)0.324
 Number of sexual partners in past 1 year (> 1)28 (9.33)2 (3.77)0.283
Health-level
 Current HIV positive (Yes)22 (7.33)2 (3.77)0.553
 Current hepatitis (Yes)114 (38.00)24 (45.28)0.316
 Antibiotic use in past 6 months (Yes)83 (27.67)16 (30.19)0.706
 History of hospitalization in past 1 year (Yes)32 (10.67)9 (16.98)0.186
 History of skin infection in past 6 months (Yes)130 (43.33)25 (47.17)0.604
 History of needle exchange in past 1 year (Yes)26 (8.67)4 (7.55)1.000
Drug use-level
 Period of drug use (> 10 years)18 (6.00)0 (0.00)0.087
 History of heroin snorting in past 3 months (Yes)188 (62.67)41 (77.36)0.039
 History of intravenous heroin in past 3 months (Yes)113 (37.67)14 (26.42)0.116
 History of using injection drugs in past 3 months (Yes)187 (62.33)39 (73.58)0.116
  1. S. aureus Staphylococcus aureus; N Number of total participants; HIV Human immunodeficiency virus