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Box 1 Summary of related guidance and initiatives

From: Time for a renewed focus on the role of cleaners in achieving safe health care in low- and middle-income countries

Guidance and standards
WHO (2008) Essential Environmental Health Standards in Health Care
WHO (2016) Guidelines on core components of infection prevention and control programmes at the national and acute health care facility level
WHO (2019) Minimum requirements for infection prevention and control. Geneva: World Health Organization
CDC and ICAN (2019) Best Practices for Environmental Cleaning in Healthcare Facilities in Resource-Limited Settings. Atlanta, GA: US Department of Health and Human Services
WHO (2020) Cleaning and disinfection of environmental surfaces in the context of COVID-19. Interim guidance
WHO (2020) Core competencies for infection prevention and control professionals. Geneva: World Health Organization
World Health Assembly Resolutions
World Health Assembly (WHA 72). 2019. Agenda Item 6.6, Patient Safety. Resolution on Water, Sanitation and Hygiene in Health Care Facilities
World Health Assembly (WHA 73). 2020. Agenda Item 3. Resolution on COVID-19 Response
Calls to action/initiatives
WHO (2015) Global Action Plan on Antimicrobial Resistance
WHO/UNICEF (2018) Meeting the challenge: responding to the global call to action on WASH in health care facilities
WHO (2020) Urgent health challenges for the next decade
WHO Patient Safety Flagship: A Decade of Patient Safety 2020–2030
WHO (2021) Global Patient Safety Action Plan 2021–2030. Towards Eliminating Avoidable Harm in Health Care. Third draft, January 202
Implementation resources
WHO (2017) Water and Sanitation for Health Facility Improvement Tool (WASH FIT): a practical guide for improving quality of care through water, sanitation and hygiene in healthcare facilities
WHO, UNICEF (2019) Water, sanitation and hygiene in health care facilities: practical steps to achieve universal access
WHO (2019) Implementation manual to prevent and control the spread of carbapenem-resistant organisms at the national and health care facility level. Geneva: World Health Organization