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Table 7 Multivariate analysis of the predictors of good knowledge, attitude, practice, and prescription among physicians in Nigeria

From: Predictors of antibiotic prescriptions: a knowledge, attitude and practice survey among physicians in tertiary hospitals in Nigeria

Variable Good knowledge Good attitude Good practice Good prescription
  AOR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Gender     
Female (Ref) 1 1 1 1
Male 1.5 (1, 2.1) 1.1 (0.9, 1.5) 1 (0.8, 1.4) 0.8 (0.6, 1)
Age group     
< 36 years (Ref) 1 1 1 1
36–49 years 1.2 (0.9, 1.7) 1 (0.7, 1.3) 1.1 (0.8, 1.5) 1 (0.8, 1.3)
> 49 years 1.7 (0.8, 3.5) 1.2 (0.6, 2.4) 2.7* (1.4, 5.4) 0.6 (0.3, 1.1)
Professional category     
House officers 1* 1* 1 1*
Medical officers/residents 1.6* (1, 2.5) 1.8* (1.2, 2.5) 1.4 (1, 2) 1.6* (1.1, 2.3)
Consultants 2.4* (1.3, 4.5) 3* (1.8, 5) 1 (0.6, 1.7) 3.3* (2, 5.7)
Prior AMR training     
No (Ref) 1* 1 1 1
Yes 2.6 (1.9, 3.4) 1.3 (1, 1.7) 1.2 (0.9, 1.5) 0.9 (0.7, 1.2)
Department     
Paediatrics (Ref) 1 1 1 1*
Internal medicine 1.3 (0.7, 2.2) 1.2 (0.7, 2) 1.3 (0.8, 2.1) 2.2* (1.3, 3.9)
O&G 1.1 (0.6, 1.9) 0.8 (0.5, 1.3) 1.2 (0.7, 1.9) 2.7* (1.6, 4.6)
Surgery 0.9 (0.5, 1.6) 0.8 (0.5, 1.4) 1.3 (0.8, 2.2) 2.9* (1.6, 5.2)
Family medicine 0.7 (0.3, 1.5) 0.6 (0.3, 1.1) 2.3 (1.2, 4.2) 1.9 (0.9, 3.8)
Others 0.6 (0.3, 1.2) 0.8 (0.5, 1.3) 1.1 (0.7, 1.9) 4.5* (2.5, 8)
Hospital     
LUTH (Ref) 1* 1* 1* 1*
UCH 0.9 (0.5, 1.6) 0.5* (0.3, 0.9) 0.8 (0.5, 1.4) 1.8* (1, 3.2)
UATH 0.5 (0.3, 1) 0.4* (0.2, 0.7) 0.8 (0.4, 1.4) 0.7 (0.4, 1.4)
ABUTH 0.4* (0.2, 0.7) 0.3* (0.2, 0.6) 0.5* (0.3, 0.8) 0.8 (0.5, 1.3)
FMCY 0.3* (0.1, 0.6) 0.1*(0.1, 0.2) 0.7 (0.4, 1.4) 0.9 (0.5, 1.8)
NDUTH 0.3* (0.2, 0.6) 0.2* (0.1, 0.4) 0.7 (0.4, 1.3) 1 (0.6, 1.9)
UNTH 0.2* (0.1, 0.5) 0.2* (0.1, 0.4) 0.3* (0.1, 0.6) 0.7 (0.4, 1.4)
AKTH 0.6 (0.3, 1.1) 0.3* (0.2, 0.5) 0.3* (0.2, 0.6) 0.6 (0.3, 1.1)
UCTH 0.3* (0.2, 0.6) 0.2* (0.1, 0.4) 0.8 (0.5, 1.4) 1.2 (0.7, 2)
FMCO 0.3* (0.2, 0.7) 0.5* (0.3, 0.9) 0.7 (0.4, 1.2) 0.8 (0.4, 1.4)
FMCN 0.1* (0, 0.4) 0.1* (0, 0.3) 0.4 (0.2, 1) 0.3 (0.1, 1)
FMCBK 0.1* (0, 0.3) 0.1* (0.1, 0.3) 0.3* (0.1, 0.7) 0.5 (0.2, 1.2)
  1. Ref reference group, AOR adjusted odds ratio, CI confidence interval, AMR antimicrobial resistance, UNTH University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, AKTH Aminu Kano University Teaching Hospital, Kano, NDUTH Niger Delta University Teaching Hospital, Bayelsa, UCH University College Hospital, Oyo State, LUTH Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos, UCTH University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, UATH University of Abuja Teaching Hospital, FMCN Federal Medical Centre, Nguru, Yobe, FMCY Federal Medical Centre, Yenagoa, Bayelsa, FMCO Federal Medical Centre, Owerri, Imo, FMCBK Federal Medical Centre, Birnin Kudu, Jigawa, ABUTH Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Kaduna
  2. *p < 0.05