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Table 3 Logistic regression analysis results of SMA

From: Prevalence of self-medication with antibiotics and its related factors among Chinese residents: a cross-sectional study

Variables Adjusted OR (95%CI) P
Gender (Ref = Female)   
 Male 1.13 (0.88–1.45) 0.334
Age (ref ≤ 24)   
 25–44 1.21 (0.88–1.66) 0.251
 45–59 1.41 (0.96–2.08) 0.084
 ≥ 60 1.06 (0.42–2.69) 0.906
Location (ref = Village)   
 Urban 1.24 (0.90–1.71) 0.196
Education level (ref = Junior high school and below)   
 High school 1.28 (0.84–1.95) 0.257
 Undergraduate 1.16 (0.77–1.73) 0.484
 Postgraduate and above 1.49 (0.95–2.33) 0.086
Self-perceived health status (ref = Poor)   
 Average 0.66 (0.41–1.07) 0.084
 Good 0.55 (0.35–0.88) 0.013
Self-perceived economic status (ref = Poor)   
 Average 1.22 (0.81–1.84) 0.341
 Good 1.81 (1.10–2.96) 0.019
Reserve antibiotics at home (ref = Hardly)   
 Occasionally 2.34 (1.60–3.41) < 0.001
 Always 2.62 (2.01–3.43) < 0.001
Antibiotic knowledge level (ref = Low)   
 Middle 0.92 (0.66–1.28) 0.621
 High 0.89 (0.55–1.44) 0.637
Perceived threats (ref = Low)   
 Middle 0.69 (0.51–0.93) 0.015
 High 0.42 (0.26–0.66) < 0.001
Perceived benefits (ref = Low)   
 Middle 1.04 (0.76–1.41) 0.813
 High 1.09 (0.76–1.58) 0.629
Perceived barriers (ref = Low)   
 Middle 1.77 (1.11–2.83) 0.017
 High 2.59 (1.56–4.29) < 0.001***
Self-efficacy (ref = Low)   
 Middle 0.68 (0.51–0.92) 0.012
 High 0.47 (0.31–0.73) 0.001