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Table 3 Baseline characteristics for patients in the study for evaluation of appropriateness of antibiotic use

From: Prescriptions patterns and appropriateness of usage of antibiotics in non-teaching community hospitals in South Korea: a multicentre retrospective study

  Long-term care hospitals
(N = 272)
Acute care hospitals
(N = 150)
P-value All hospitals
(N = 422)
Age, median (IQR) 80.0 (72.0–86.0) 73.0 (61.0–82.0)  < 0.001 79.0 (67.0–85.0)
Female sex (%) 138 (50.7) 78 (52.0) 0.804 216 (51.2)
Ward type (%)
 General ward 260 (95.6) 118 (78.7)  < 0.001 378 (89.6)
 Intensive care unit 12 (4.4) 32 (21.3) - 44 (10.4)
Classification of department (%)     
 Internal Medicine 68/270 (25.2) 97/149 (65.1)  < 0.001 165/419 (39.4)
Medical department (excluding internal medicine) 162/270 (60.0) 5/149 (3.4) - 167/419 (39.9)
 Surgical department 40/270 (14.8) 47/149 (31.5) - 87/419 (20.8)
Data about renal function at EMR (%)
 Existence of result of CrCl 72 (26.5) 50 (33.3) 0.137 122 (28.9)
 Existence of result of eGFR 76 (27.9) 114 (76.0)  < 0.001 190 (45.0)
Patients underwent renal replacement therapy (%) 24/270 (8.9) 6 (4.0) 0.062 30/420 (7.1)
Patients with cognitive disorder (%) 238/270 (88.1) 72 (48.0)  < 0.001 310/420 (73.8)
Ambulation status
 Ambulation, regardless of external support 17/270 (6.3) 69 (68.5)  < 0.001 86/420 (20.5)
 Ambulation with wheelchair 45/270 (16.7) 25 (16.7) - 70/420 (16.7)
 Bed-ridden status 208/270 (77.0) 56 (37.3) - 264/420 (62.9)
Microbiological culture test
 Existence of result of culture with blood sample 33 (12.1) 102/149 (68.5)  < 0.001 135/421 (32.1)
 Existence of result of culture with non-blood sample 37 (13.6) 103/148 (69.6)  < 0.001 140/420 (33.3)
  1. IQR interquartile range, EMR electronic medical record, CrCl creatinine clearance, eGFR estimated glomerular filtration rate