Skip to main content

Table 2 Associations of patient demographic and clinical characteristics with blood culture yield for pathogens

From: Sepsis: emerging pathogens and antimicrobial resistance in Ethiopian referral hospitals

Variables   P-value COR (95%CI) P-value AOR (95%CI)
Gender Male 0.801 1.031(0.815–1.303)   
Female Constant    
Age category  < 29 days 0.000 3.09(2.059–4.099) 0.001 1.085(0.363–3.248)
 ≥ 30 days to ≤ 1 year 0.034 2.905(2.059–4.099) 0.002 1.802(0.462–7.020)
 > 1 to ≤ 5 years 0.008 1.991(1.302–3.045) 0.000 0.570(0.186–1.743)
 > 5 to < 18 years 0.016 3.271(2.084–5.134) 0.001 0.999(0.311–3.212)
 ≥ 18 years Constant    
Ward EOPD 0.008 3.39(1.384–8.304) 0.027 3.597(1.159–11.169)
ICU 0.156 2.143(0.747–6.149)   
Medical ward 0.011 2.952(1.283–6.792) 0.004 4.554(1.609–12.895)
NICU 0.712 0.872(0.421–1.805)   
Pediatrics 0.018 2.45(1.164–5.155) 0.002 7.648(.143–27.287)
Surgical ward Constant    
Outpatient Constant    
Referral patient Yes 0.382 1.11(0.879–1.402)   
Previous admission Yes 0.077 1.308(0.971–1.761)   
Hospital stay duration 1 week 0.124 0.765(0.544–1.076)   
2 weeks 0.900 1.032(0.633–1.682)   
3 weeks 0.869 1.037(0.671–1.603)   
4 weeks and above Constant    
Underlying diseases Yes 0.01 1.365(1.078–1.728) 0.012 0.590(0.391–0.890)
Previous antibiotic treatment before recruitment to the study Yes 0.785 1.036(0.805–1.332)   
Duration of fever Up to 3 days 0.034 1.478(1.030–2.121) 0.232 1.365(0.819–2.275)
4–6 days 0.001 2.044(1.342–3.114) 0.184 1.447(0.839–2.495)
7 days and above Constant    
BMI class Underweight 0.099 1.899(0.887–4.067)   
Normal 0.044 2.291(1.021–4.067) 0.045 2.911(1.022–8.292)
Overweight 0.438 1.571(0.502–4.919)   
Obese Constant    
  1. Bold p-value- statistical significant association
  2. COR crude odds ratio, AOR adjusted odds ratio; CI confidence interval, BMI body mass index, EOPD emergency outpatient department; ICU intensive care unit; NICU neonatal intensive care unit
  3. Remark: for all yes or no variables, the category “no” considered as constant