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  1. Community acquired pneumonia (CAP) is reported as a common cause of lower respiratory tract infection worldwide. Bacterial pathogens and antimicrobial resistance (AMR) associated with this infection varied bet...

    Authors: Dinbere Temesgen, Fetlewok Bereded, Awoke Derbie and Fantahun Biadglegne

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:101

    Content type: Research

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  2. Assessment of the current situation is crucial before introducing innovative infection prevention measures. According to the literature, hospital managers should take on the role of “power promoters” in adopti...

    Authors: Luise Hutzschenreuter, Nils-Olaf Hübner, Kathleen Dittmann, Angela-Verena Hassel and Steffen Flessa

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:100

    Content type: Research

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  3. Antibiotic-resistant Enterobacteriaceae in the gastrointestinal flora can lead to infections with limited therapeutic options. Also, the resistant bacteria can be transferred from colonized persons to others. The...

    Authors: Emrah Ruh, Jonathan Zakka, Kujtesa Hoti, Arezou Fekrat, Emrah Guler, Umut Gazi, Zafer Erdogmus and Kaya Suer

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:98

    Content type: Research

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  4. Tablet computers are increasingly being used in hospital patient care and are often colonized with important human pathogens, while the impact of disinfection interventions remains controversial.

    Authors: Pascal M. Frey, Grischa R. Marti, Sara Droz, Mirjam de Roche von Arx, Franziska Suter-Riniker, Drahomir Aujesky and Silvio D. Brugger

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:97

    Content type: Research

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  5. We analyzed Israeli national data on antimicrobial susceptibility from bloodstream isolates collected between 2014 and 2017 and compared resistance proportions with those of Europe. The incidence of bloodstrea...

    Authors: Yaakov Dickstein, Elizabeth Temkin, Michal Ish Shalom, David Schwartz, Yehuda Carmeli and Mitchell J. Schwaber

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:96

    Content type: Short report

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  6. Surgical site infections (SSI) are among the most frequently occurring healthcare-associated infections worldwide. Various analyses to determine risk factors have been conducted in the past, generally attribut...

    Authors: Seven Johannes Sam Aghdassi, Christin Schröder and Petra Gastmeier

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:95

    Content type: Research

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  7. Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains were once confined to hospitals however, in the last 20 years MRSA infections have emerged in the community in people with no prior exposure to hospitals...

    Authors: David Patrick Kateete, Freddie Bwanga, Jeremiah Seni, Raymond Mayanja, Edgar Kigozi, Brian Mujuni, Fred K. Ashaba, Hannington Baluku, Christine F. Najjuka, Karin Källander, Elizeus Rutebemberwa, Benon B. Asiimwe and Moses L. Joloba

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:94

    Content type: Short report

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  8. Hand hygiene (HH) is considered to be the single most effective measure in preventing healthcare-associated infections. However, HH compliance rates among nurses and doctors in hospitals are often very low. Fe...

    Authors: Yulia Rosa Saharman, Damiat Aoulad Fares, Souhaib El-Atmani, Rudyanto Sedono, Dita Aditianingsih, Anis Karuniawati, Joost van Rosmalen, Henri A. Verbrugh and Juliëtte A. Severin

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:93

    Content type: Research

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  9. Standard hygiene precautions are an effective way of controlling healthcare-associated infections. Nevertheless, compliance with hand hygiene (HH) guidelines among healthcare workers (HCWs) is often poor, and ...

    Authors: Valentina Baccolini, Valeria D’Egidio, Pasquale de Soccio, Giuseppe Migliara, Azzurra Massimi, Francesco Alessandri, Guglielmo Tellan, Carolina Marzuillo, Corrado De Vito, Marco Vito Ranieri and Paolo Villari

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:92

    Content type: Research

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  10. A Surgical Unit-based Safety Programme (SUSP) has been shown to improve perioperative prevention practices and to reduce surgical site infections (SSI). It is critical to understand the factors influencing the...

    Authors: Lauren Clack, Ursina Willi, Sean Berenholtz, Alexander M. Aiken, Benedetta Allegranzi and Hugo Sax

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:91

    Content type: Research

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  11. Gram-positive bacteria are dangerous and challenging agents of infection due to their increasing resistance to antibiotics. We aim to analyse the epidemiology and risk factors of methicillin-resistant Staphylococ...

    Authors: Lin Huang, Rong Zhang, Yanyan Hu, Hongwei Zhou, Junmin Cao, Huoyang Lv, Shi Chen, Shibiao Ding and Gongxiang Chen

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:90

    Content type: Research

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  12. Candidemia is still a common life-threatening disease and causes significant morbidity and mortality, especially in critically ill patients. We conducted this study to analyze the epidemiology, clinical charac...

    Authors: Zengli Xiao, Qi Wang, Fengxue Zhu and Youzhong An

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:89

    Content type: Research

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  13. Invasive aspergillosis (IA) is an opportunistic fungal infection that mostly occurs in immunocompromised patients, such as those having hematologic malignancy or receiving hematopoietic stem cell transplantati...

    Authors: Joung Ha Park, Seung Hee Ryu, Jeong Young Lee, Hyeon Jeong Kim, Sun Hee Kwak, Jiwon Jung, Jina Lee, Heungsup Sung and Sung-Han Kim

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:88

    Content type: Research

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  14. Around 5–15% of all hospital patients worldwide suffer from healthcare-associated infections (HAIs), and years of excessive antimicrobial use in human and animal medicine have created emerging antimicrobial re...

    Authors: Walter Zingg, Julie Storr, Benjamin J. Park, Raheelah Ahmad, Carolyn Tarrant, Enrique Castro-Sanchez, Sara Tomczyk, Claire Kilpatrick, Benedetta Allegranzi, Denise Cardo and Didier Pittet

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:87

    Content type: Research

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  15. Bacterial bloodstream infections (BSIs) cause high morbidity and mortality worldwide in humans, but the pathogenic spectrum varies from region to region. Long-term monitoring of the pathogenic spectrum and cha...

    Authors: Lei Tian, Zhen Zhang and Ziyong Sun

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:86

    Content type: Research

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  16. Given global issues with antimicrobial resistance and a need to optimize antimicrobial usage, antimicrobial stewardship (AS) programs are becoming a necessary component of hospitals and are increasingly mandat...

    Authors: E. Rennert-May, J. Conly, G. Chen and B. Dalton

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:85

    Content type: Research

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  17. Acinetobacter baumannii is an emerging pathogen capable of causing hospital-acquired infections (HAIs). It has the ability to survive on environmental surfaces for months, making transmission difficult to control...

    Authors: A. Gramatniece, I. Silamikelis, Ie. Zahare, V. Urtans, Ir. Zahare, E. Dimina, M. Saule, A. Balode, I. Radovica-Spalvina, J. Klovins, D. Fridmanis and U. Dumpis

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:84

    Content type: Research

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  18. The high burden of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) and antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is partially due to excessive antimicrobial use both in human and animal medicine worldwide. How can technology hel...

    Authors: Walter Zingg, Benjamin J. Park, Julie Storr, Raheelah Ahmad, Carolyn Tarrant, Enrique Castro-Sanchez, Eli Perencevich, Andreas Widmer, Karl-Heinz Krause, Claire Kilpatrick, Sara Tomczyk, Benedetta Allegranzi, Denise Cardo and Didier Pittet

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:83

    Content type: Research

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  19. Standard precautions are essential to prevent pathogen transmission and nosocomial infections. We assessed learning effect (primary outcome) and satisfaction (secondary outcome) of watching a 5-min humorous “e...

    Authors: Aline Wolfensberger, Alexia Anagnostopoulos, Lauren Clack, Marie-Theres Meier, Stefan P. Kuster and Hugo Sax

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:82

    Content type: Research

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  20. The aim of the study was to evaluate the composition and the temporal evolution of the oropharyngeal microbiome in antibiotic-naïve patients requiring mechanical ventilation and to gain new insights into the p...

    Authors: Rami Sommerstein, Tobias M. Merz, Sabine Berger, Julia G. Kraemer, Jonas Marschall and Markus Hilty

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:81

    Content type: Research

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  21. Frequency of extended-spectrum-β-lactamase-producing clinical isolates is increasing worldwide. This is a multi-center study which was aimed to check the frequency of third-generation cephalosporin resistance and...

    Authors: Samyyia Abrar, Noor Ul Ain, Huma Liaqat, Shahida Hussain, Farhan Rasheed and Saba Riaz

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:80

    Content type: Research

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  22. Increasing bacterial resistance to antibiotics is a serious problem worldwide. We sought to record the acquisition of antibiotic-resistant Escherichia coli (E. coli) in healthy infants in Northern Thailand and in...

    Authors: Benjamin Hetzer, Dorothea Orth-Höller, Reinhard Würzner, Peter Kreidl, Michaela Lackner, Thomas Müller, Ludwig Knabl, Daniel Rudolf Geisler-Moroder, Alexander Mellmann, Özcan Sesli, Jeanett Holzknecht, Damia Noce, Orawan Boonpala, Noppadon Akarathum, Somporn Chotinaruemol, Martina Prelog…

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:79

    Content type: Research

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  23. The recommendations of learned societies mention risk factors for the presence of multidrug resistant bacteria in hospital-acquired infections, but they do not propose a scoring system to guide empiric antibio...

    Authors: Laura Teysseyre, Cyril Ferdynus, Guillaume Miltgen, Thomas Lair, Thomas Aujoulat, Nathalie Lugagne, Nicolas Allou and Jérôme Allyn

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:78

    Content type: Research

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  24. Needlestick accidents while handling of infectious material in research laboratories can lead to life-threatening infections in laboratory personnel. In laboratories working with the lymphocytic choriomeningit...

    Authors: Sarah Dräger, Anna-Friederike Marx, Fiona Pigny, Pascal Cherpillod, Philip Eisermann, Parham Sendi and Andreas F. Widmer

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:77

    Content type: Case report

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:141

  25. Education is a cornerstone strategy to prevent health-associated infections. Trainings benefit from being interactive, simulation-based, team-orientated, and early in professional socialization. We conceived a...

    Authors: Jan Breckwoldt, Monika Knecht, Ralph Massée, Barbara Flach, Caroline Hofmann-Huber, Sylvia Kaap-Fröhlich, Claudia M. Witt, Ruth Aeberhard and Hugo Sax

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:75

    Content type: Research

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  26. Healthcare-associated infection (HAI) is a major challenge for patient safety worldwide, and is further complicated by antimicrobial resistance (AMR) due to excessive antimicrobial use in both humans and anima...

    Authors: Walter Zingg, Julie Storr, Benjamin J. Park, John A. Jernigan, Stephan Harbarth, M. Lindsay Grayson, Evelina Tacconelli, Benedetta Allegranzi, Denise Cardo and Didier Pittet

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:74

    Content type: Research

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  27. Healthcare-associated infections (HAI) pose a burden on healthcare providers worldwide. To prevent HAI and strengthen infection prevention and control (IPC) structures, the WHO has developed a variety of tools...

    Authors: Seven Johannes Sam Aghdassi, Sonja Hansen, Peter Bischoff, Michael Behnke and Petra Gastmeier

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:73

    Content type: Research

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  28. Infections due to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) cause serious health risks and significant economic burdens and the preferred drugs are still controversial.

    Authors: Ying Zhang, Yan Wang, Mieke L. Van Driel, Treasure M. McGuire, Tao Zhang, Yuzhu Dong, Yang Liu, Leichao Liu, Ruifang Hao, Lu Cao, Jianfeng Xing and Yalin Dong

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:72

    Content type: Research

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  29. Overdiagnosis and overtreatment of urinary tract infection (UTI) with antibiotics is a concern. In older adults, diagnosis of UTI using near-patient urine tests (reagent strip tests, dipsticks) is advised agai...

    Authors: Emily Rousham, Michael Cooper, Emily Petherick, Paula Saukko and Beryl Oppenheim

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:71

    Content type: Research

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  30. In order to shorten the course of treatment and its effectiveness, it is essential to gain an in-depth insight into the drug resistance mechanisms of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis).

    Authors: Hasan Ghajavand, Mansour Kargarpour Kamakoli, Sharareh Khanipour, Shahin Pourazar Dizaji, Morteza Masoumi, Fatemeh Rahimi Jamnani, Abolfazl Fateh, Mehdi Yaseri, Seyed Davar Siadat and Farzam Vaziri

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:70

    Content type: Research

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  31. Although surgical site infection after craniotomy (SSI-CRAN) is a serious complication, risk factors for its development have not been well defined. We aim to identify the risk factors for developing SSI-CRAN ...

    Authors: Emilio Jiménez-Martínez, Guillermo Cuervo, Ana Hornero, Pilar Ciercoles, Andres Gabarrós, Carmen Cabellos, Ivan Pelegrin, Dolores García-Somoza, Jordi Adamuz, Jordi Carratalà and Miquel Pujol

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:69

    Content type: Research

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  32. Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) is a leading cause of nosocomial infections, and carbapenem non-susceptible strains are a major threat to patient safety.

    Authors: Qingyi Shi, Chen Huang, Tingting Xiao, Zhenzhu Wu and Yonghong Xiao

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:68

    Content type: Research

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  33. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is an emerging threat to public health worldwide. A significant evidence has suggested that the knowledge and attitude trends among the community, pharmacists and physicians can ...

    Authors: Hassan Waseem, Jafar Ali, Fiza Sarwar, Aroosa Khan, Hamza Saleem Ur Rehman, Mishal Choudri, Nooh Arif, Muhammad Subhan, Aansa Rukya Saleem, Asif Jamal and Muhammad Ishtiaq Ali

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:67

    Content type: Research

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  34. Although antifungals are available and usually used against fungal infections, multidrug-resistant (MDR) fungal pathogens are a growing problem for public health. Moreover, fungal infections have become more p...

    Authors: Hanane Yousfi, Stéphane Ranque, Jean-Marc Rolain and Fadi Bittar

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:66

    Content type: Research

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  35. Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) are one of the major opportunistic pathogens and the incidence of CoNS bacteraemia is increasing. However, most of the CoNS-positive blood cultures are contaminants rath...

    Authors: Jiewei Cui, Zhixin Liang, Zhenfei Mo and Jianpeng Zhang

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:65

    Content type: Research

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  36. Clinical antibiotic prescribing guidelines are essential in defining responsible use in the local context. Our objective was to investigate the association between adherence to national antibiotic prescribing ...

    Authors: Jannicke Slettli Wathne, Stig Harthug, Lars Kåre Selland Kleppe, Hege Salvesen Blix, Roy M. Nilsen, Esmita Charani and Ingrid Smith

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:63

    Content type: Research

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  37. Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease caused by Brucella species. It has been estimated that more than 500,000 new cases of Brucellosis occur annually all around the world. Relapse of the disease is one of the most i...

    Authors: Seyed Mostafa Hosseini, Roghayyeh Abbasalipourkabir, Farid Azizi Jalilian, Sara Soleimani Asl, Abbas Farmany, Ghodratollah Roshanaei and Mohammad Reza Arabestani

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:62

    Content type: Research

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  38. ESKAPEEc contribute to a majority of bloodstream infections (BSIs) and their antibiogram have changed overtime, while data concerning about these alterations are lacking in China. Added that a paucity of studi...

    Authors: Shuangshuang Yang, Haofeng Xu, Jide Sun and Shan Sun

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:61

    Content type: Research

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  39. The WHO SAVE LIVES: Clean Your Hands global hand hygiene campaign, launched in 2009 and celebrated annually on the 5th of May, features specific calls to action seeking to increase engagement from stakeholders’ c...

    Authors: Ermira Tartari, Carolina Fankhauser, Alexandra Peters, Buyiswa Lizzie Sithole, Funda Timurkaynak, Sarah Masson-Roy, Benedetta Allegranzi, Daniela Pires and Didier Pittet

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:58

    Content type: Commentary

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  40. Once present in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), multidrug resistant Staphylococcus capitis NRCS-A is able to settle and diffuse.

    Authors: Jérôme Ory, Michel Cazaban, Brigitte Richaud-Morel, Massimo Di Maio, Catherine Dunyach-Remy, Alix Pantel, Albert Sotto, Frédéric Laurent, Jean-Philippe Lavigne and Marine Butin

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:57

    Content type: Short report

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  41. Professional hand hygiene compliance represents a multifaceted behaviour with various determinants. Thus, it has been proposed to apply psychological frameworks of behaviour change to its promotion. However, r...

    Authors: Thomas von Lengerke, Ella Ebadi, Bettina Schock, Christian Krauth, Karin Lange, Jona T. Stahmeyer and Iris F. Chaberny

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:56

    Content type: Research

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  42. Enterococcus faecalis is a ubiquitous member of the gut microbiota and has emerged as a life- threatening multidrug-resistant (MDR) nosocomial pathogen. The aim of this study was to survey the prevalence of multi...

    Authors: Muhammad Farman, Muhammad Yasir, Rashad R. Al-Hindi, Suha A. Farraj, Asif A. Jiman-Fatani, Maha Alawi and Esam I. Azhar

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:55

    Content type: Research

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  43. Cockroaches are one of the most important and frequent insects responsible for harboring, transmission and dissemination of human pathogens in the hospital environment. The present research was done to study t...

    Authors: Zohreh Abdolmaleki, Zohreh Mashak and Farhad Safarpoor Dehkordi

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:54

    Content type: Research

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  44. Meticillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) is prevalent in most parts of the world. The study took place at Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham (QEHB) a UK tertiary referral hospital. At QEHB innovative nurse led dail...

    Authors: Mark I. Garvey, Craig W. Bradley, Martyn A. C. Wilkinson, Kerry L. Holden, Victoria Clewer and Elisabeth Holden

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:53

    Content type: Short report

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  45. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is an ecological and economic crisis and stewardship of available antimicrobials is required. Electronic prescribing, where available, enables auditing of practice, yet in order ...

    Authors: Katie L. Heard, Stephen Hughes, Nabeela Mughal, Berge S. Azadian and Luke S. P. Moore

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:51

    Content type: Research

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  46. The emergence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a main concern in burn care centers worldwide. The some reports of MRSA in Iran suggested that MRSA with type SCCmec III is common among burn...

    Authors: Mitra Motallebi, Fereshteh Jabalameli, Reza Beigverdi and Mohammad Emaneini

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:50

    Content type: Research

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