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  1. Content type: Research

    Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDRTB) remains a health problem for many countries in the world. The share of MDRTB is 10–30% among newly diagnosed cases and 20–70% among relapses and treatment failure. The ...

    Authors: S. L. Matveyeva, O. S. Shevchenko and O. O. Pogorelova

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:82

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  2. Content type: Research

    Timely switch from intravenous (iv) antibiotics to oral therapy is a key component of antimicrobial stewardship programs in order to improve patient safety, promote early discharge and reduce costs. We have in...

    Authors: Marvin A. H. Berrevoets, Johannes (Hans) L. W. Pot, Anne E. Houterman, Anton (Ton) S. M. Dofferhoff, Marrigje H. Nabuurs-Franssen, Hanneke W. H. A. Fleuren, Bart-Jan Kullberg, Jeroen A. Schouten and Tom Sprong

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:81

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  3. Content type: Research

    Despite the employment of sanitary regimes, contact transmission of the aetiological agents of hospital infections is still exceedingly common. The issue of microbe transmission becomes particularly important ...

    Authors: Anna Różańska, Agnieszka Chmielarczyk, Dorota Romaniszyn, Małgorzata Bulanda, Monika Walkowicz, Piotr Osuch and Tadeusz Knych

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:80

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  4. Content type: Short report

    In this cross-sectional Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America Research Network survey on knowledge sharing in infection prevention we identified a rudimentary understanding of how to communicate and s...

    Authors: Rami Sommerstein, Sonja Geser, Andrew Atkinson, Franziska Tschan, Daniel J. Morgan and Jonas Marschall

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:79

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  5. Content type: Research

    Colistin is a last resort antibiotic for the treatment of carbapenem-resistant Gram negative infections. Until recently, mechanisms of colistin resistance were limited to chromosomal mutations which confer a h...

    Authors: Mae Newton-Foot, Yolandi Snyman, Motlatji Reratilwe Bonnie Maloba and Andrew Christopher Whitelaw

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:78

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  6. Content type: Research

    Automated systems (MicroScan WalkAway 96 Plus, Phoenix 100, and Vitek 2 Compact) are widely used in clinical laboratories nowadays. The aim of this study is to evaluate the performance of these three systems f...

    Authors: Zhichang Zhao, Fangjun Lan, Maobai Liu, Weiyuan Chen, Liya Huang, Qili Lin and Bin Li

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:77

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  7. Content type: Research

    Proper hand hygiene with soap and detergents prevents the transmission of many infectious diseases. However, commercial detergents are less likely to be accessible or affordable to poor people in remote rural ...

    Authors: Gutema Taressa Tura, Wondwossen Birke Eshete and Gudina Terefe Tucho

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:76

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  8. Content type: Research

    Intensification of livestock production seen in many low- and middle-income countries is often believed to be associated with increased use of antimicrobials, and may hence contribute to the emergence of antim...

    Authors: G. Ström, M. Halje, D. Karlsson, J. Jiwakanon, M. Pringle, L.-L. Fernström and U. Magnusson

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:75

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  9. Content type: Research

    Patients with methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) are thought to incur additional costs for hospitals due to longer stay and contact isolation. The aim of this study was to assess the costs associated with MRS...

    Authors: A. Elizabeth S. Andreassen, Caroline M. Jacobsen, BirgitteFreiesleben de Blasio, Richard White, Ivar Sønbø Kristiansen and Petter Elstrøm

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:74

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  10. Content type: Research

    Enterococcus spp. are the common cause of nosocomial bloodstream infections (BSIs) with high morbidity and mortality. The purpose of this study was to characterize the incidence, clini...

    Authors: Yangyang Zhang, Mingmei Du, Yan Chang, Liang-an Chen and Qing Zhang

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:73

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  11. Content type: Short report

    Guidelines for hand hygiene recommend the use of alcohol-based hand rubs containing humectants in order to improve dermal tolerance. However, the bactericidal efficacy of pre-surgical hand rubs is negatively a...

    Authors: Miranda Suchomel, Martina Weinlich and Michael Kundi

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:72

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  12. Content type: Research

    Non-prescribed antimicrobial use and their resistance are among the main public health problems, worldwide. In Ethiopia, particularly in the northern part, the magnitude of non-prescribed antimicrobial use and...

    Authors: Negash Hadera Gebrekirstos, Birhanu Demeke Workneh, Yosef Sibhatu Gebregiorgis, Kebede Haile Misgina, Negassie Berhe Weldehaweria, Meresa Gebremedhin Weldu and Hailay Siyum Belay

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:70

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  13. Content type: Research

    Many Highly Resistant Gram Negative Rod (HR-GNR) positive patients are found unexpectedly in clinical cultures, besides patients who are screened and isolated based on risk factors. As unexpected HR-GNR positi...

    Authors: Dennis Souverein, Sjoerd M. Euser, Bjorn L. Herpers, Corry Hattink, Patricia Houtman, Amerens Popma, Jan Kluytmans, John W. A. Rossen and Jeroen W. Den Boer

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:69

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  14. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    The systematic review published by Stiller et al. in Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control in November 2016 concludes that single-patient bedrooms confer a significant benefit for protecting patients fr...

    Authors: Jennie Wilson, Andrew Dunnett and Heather Loveday

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:71

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  15. Content type: Research

    Healthcare associated infections (HCAI) and antimicrobial resistance are principal threats to the patients of intensive care units and are the major determining factors for patient outcome. They are associated...

    Authors: Narayan Prasad Parajuli, Subhash Prasad Acharya, Shyam Kumar Mishra, Keshab Parajuli, Basista Prasad Rijal and Bharat Mani Pokhrel

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:67

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  16. Content type: Research

    In developing countries like Nepal, 90% ethanol is cheap and is available in most hospitals. The unavailability of isopropyl alcohol (IPA) in these settings led us to compare the efficacy between 90% ethanol a...

    Authors: Bijendra Raj Raghubanshi, Supriya Sapkota, Arjab Adhikari, Aman Dutta, Utsuk Bhattarai and Rastriyata Bhandari

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:68

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  17. Content type: Research

    Surgical site infections (SSI) are one of the most common healthcare associated infections in the low-middle income countries. Data on incidence and risk factors for SSI following surgeries in general and Obst...

    Authors: Ashish Pathak, Kalpana Mahadik, Manmat B. Swami, Pulak K. Roy, Megha Sharma, Vijay K. Mahadik and Cecilia Stålsby Lundborg

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:66

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  18. Content type: Short report

    Hand hygiene has evolved over the last decades and many terminologies emerged. We aimed to analyse the evolution in the frequency of utilization of key hand hygiene terms in the literature along the years.

    Authors: Daniela Pires, Ermira Tartari, Fernando Bellissimo-Rodrigues and Didier Pittet

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:65

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  19. Content type: Research

    Compared to developed countries, the use of antimicrobials in Egypt is less regulated and is available over the counter without the need for prescriptions. The impact of such policy on antimicrobial resistance...

    Authors: Lamiaa Mohsen, Nermin Ramy, Dalia Saied, Dina Akmal, Niveen Salama, Mona M. Abdel Haleim and Hany Aly

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:63

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  20. Content type: Research

    The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) and carbapenemase production among Enterobacteriaceae isolated from ambulatory patients with gastrointestinal compl...

    Authors: H.M. Abdallah, N. Alnaiemi, E.A. Reuland, B.B. Wintermans, A. Koek, A.M. Abdelwahab, A. Samy, K.W. Abdelsalam and C.M.J.E. Vandenbroucke-Grauls

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:62

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  21. Content type: Research

    Blood stream infections (BSI) are critical medical conditions with high morbidity and mortality. There is paucity of information on BSI from surveillance studies in Ghana.

    Authors: Japheth Awuletey Opintan and Mercy Jemima Newman

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:64

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  22. Content type: Research

    Carriage of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is an important risk factor of subsequent infection. The purpose of our study was to compare the rates of subsequent infection among newly-admitted p...

    Authors: So Yeon Park, Doo Ryeon Chung, Yu Ri Kang, So Hyun Kim, Sun Young Cho, Young Eun Ha, Cheol-In Kang, Kyong Ran Peck and Jae-Hoon Song

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:60

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  23. Content type: Research

    Sinks in patient rooms are associated with hospital-acquired infections. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of removal of sinks from the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) patient rooms and the introducti...

    Authors: Joost Hopman, Alma Tostmann, Heiman Wertheim, Maria Bos, Eva Kolwijck, Reinier Akkermans, Patrick Sturm, Andreas Voss, Peter Pickkers and Hans vd Hoeven

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:59

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  24. Content type: Research

    Exposure to antimicrobials is the major risk factor associated with Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). Paradoxically, treatment of CDI with antimicrobials remains the preferred option. To date, only three stu...

    Authors: Papanin Putsathit, Monthira Maneerattanaporn, Pipat Piewngam, Daniel R. Knight, Pattarachai Kiratisin and Thomas V. Riley

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:58

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  25. Content type: Research

    Burkholderia cenocepacia is considered one of the most problematic cystic fibrosis (CF) pathogens. Colonization prevalence in the Serbian CF population is high and virtually exclusivel...

    Authors: Milka Malešević, Zorica Vasiljević, Aleksandar Sovtić, Brankica Filipić, Katarina Novović, Milan Kojić and Branko Jovčić

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:57

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  26. Content type: Research

    The role of hospital water systems in the development of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) surgical site infections (SSIs) in low-income countries is barely studied. This study characterized P. aeruginosa is...

    Authors: Nyambura Moremi, Heike Claus, Ulrich Vogel and Stephen E. Mshana

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:56

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  27. Content type: Research

    Changing phenotypic profiles of methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) isolates can indicate the emergence of novel sequence types (ST). The diffusion of MSSA ST can be tracked by combining establis...

    Authors: Margaret Carrel, Michihiko Goto, Marin L. Schweizer, Michael Z. David, Daniel Livorsi and Eli N. Perencevich

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:55

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  28. Content type: Research

    In healthcare facilities, Clostridium difficile infections spread by transmission of bacterial spores. Appropriate sporicidal disinfectants are needed to prevent development of clusters and outbreaks. In this stu...

    Authors: N. Kenters, E. G. W. Huijskens, S. C. J. de Wit, I. G. J. M. Sanders, J. van Rosmalen, E. J. Kuijper and A. Voss

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:54

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  29. Content type: Review

    The rates of antimicrobial-resistant organisms (ARO) continue to increase for both hospitalized and community patients. Few resources have been allocated to reduce the spread of resistance on global, national ...

    Authors: Jenine R. Leal, John Conly, Elizabeth Ann Henderson and Braden J. Manns

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:53

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  30. Content type: Erratum

    Authors: Teresa Conceição, Hermínia de Lencastre, Marta Aires-de-Sousa, Rocio Alvarez Marin, Marta Aires de Sousa, Nicolas Kieffer, Patrice Nordmann, Laurent Poirel, Wison Laochareonsuk, Sireekul Petyu, Pawin Wanasitchaiwat, Sutasinee Thana, Chollathip Bunyaphongphan, Woranan Boonsomsuk, Pakpoom Maneepongpermpoon, Silom Jamulitrat…

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:51

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    The original article was published in Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:25

  31. Content type: Research

    VIM-type enzyme encodes the most widely acquired metallo-β-lactamases in Gram- negative bacteria. To obtain current epidemiological data for integrons from enterobacteriae in hospital, the study characterizes ...

    Authors: Dongguo Wang, Jinhong Yang, Meiyu Fang, Wei He, Ying Zhang, Caixia Liu and Dongsheng Zhou

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:50

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  32. Content type: Research

    We aimed to determine the prevalence of colonization by multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria including ESBL-producing enterobacteriaceae, carbapenem-resistant enterobacteriaceae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and

    Authors: Ines Zollner-Schwetz, Elisabeth Zechner, Elisabeth Ullrich, Josefa Luxner, Christian Pux, Gerald Pichler, Walter Schippinger, Robert Krause and Eva Leitner

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:49

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  33. Content type: Research

    To investigate the impact of weekly screening within the bundle of infection control measures to terminate vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) transmissions on an oncologic ward.

    Authors: Stefanie Kampmeier, Dennis Knaack, Annelene Kossow, Stefanie Willems, Christoph Schliemann, Wolfgang E. Berdel, Frank Kipp and Alexander Mellmann

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:48

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  34. Content type: Review

    The causes of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in developing countries are complex and may be rooted in practices of health care professionals and patients’ behavior towards the use of antimicrobials as well as ...

    Authors: James A. Ayukekbong, Michel Ntemgwa and Andrew N. Atabe

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:47

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  35. Content type: Research

    The objective of this study was to determine whether patients infected with extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing organisms are colonized at multiple body sites.

    Authors: Zeina A. Kanafani, Sukayna M. Fadlallah, Sarah Assaf, Khalil Anouti, Kohar Annie B. Kissoyan, Jad Sfeir, Tamara Nawar, Mohamad Yasmin and Ghassan M. Matar

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:46

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  36. Content type: Review

    Despite remarkable developments in the use of surgical techniques, ergonomic advancements in the operating room, and implementation of bundles, surgical site infections (SSIs) remain a substantial burden, asso...

    Authors: E. Tartari, V. Weterings, P. Gastmeier, J. Rodríguez Baño, A. Widmer, J. Kluytmans and A. Voss

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:45

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  37. Content type: Research

    Studies have implicated Staphylococcus aureus as the leading cause of septicemia in the Tamale metropolis of Ghana. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of S. aureus

    Authors: Courage Kosi Setsoafia Saba, Jean Kwadwo Amenyona and Stephen Wilson Kpordze

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:44

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  38. Content type: Short report

    Surgical site infection (SSI) is a common post-operative complication causing significant morbidity and mortality. Many SSI occur after discharge from hospital. Post-discharge SSI surveillance in low and middl...

    Authors: Boniface Nguhuni, Pasquale De Nardo, Elisa Gentilotti, Zainab Chaula, Caroline Damian, Paola Mencarini, Emanuele Nicastri, Arnold Fulment, Alessandro Piscini, Francesco Vairo, Alexander M. Aiken and Giuseppe Ippolito

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:43

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  39. Content type: Short report

    Infections by multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacteria (MDR-GNB) have been continuously growing and pose challenge to health institution globally. Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriacea (CRE) was identified as ...

    Authors: Abdul Rahman Zaidah, Nurul Izzah Mohammad, Siti Suraiya and Azian Harun

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:42

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  40. Content type: Research

    Globally, between 20 to 50% of antimicrobial consumption is inappropriate, causing significant impact on the quality of care, cost of therapy and incidence of adverse drug reactions. The purpose of this study ...

    Authors: Muhammad Atif, Muhammad Azeem, Anum Saqib and Shane Scahill

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:41

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  41. Content type: Research

    Organ-space surgical site infections (SSI) are the most serious and costly infections after colorectal surgery. Most previous studies of risk factors for SSI have analysed colon and rectal procedures together....

    Authors: Aina Gomila, Jordi Carratalà, Daniel Camprubí, Evelyn Shaw, Josep Mª Badia, Antoni Cruz, Francesc Aguilar, Carmen Nicolás, Anna Marrón, Laura Mora, Rafel Perez, Lydia Martin, Rosa Vázquez, Ana Felisa Lopez, Enric Limón, Francesc Gudiol…

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:40

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  42. Content type: Short report

    To determine the incidence of P. aeruginosa (PA) ICU pneumonia and its independent association with PA colonization at ICU admission.

    Authors: Fleur P. Paling, Martin Wolkewitz, Pieter Depuydt, Liesbet de Bus, Frangiscos Sifakis, Marc J. M. Bonten and Jan A. J. W. Kluytmans

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:38

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  43. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    To assess the scope of infection control measures for multidrug-resistant bacteria in high-risk settings, a survey among university hospitals was conducted. Fourteen professionals from 8 sites participated. Re...

    Authors: Lena M. Biehl, Hartmut Bertz, Johannes Bogner, Ute-Helke Dobermann, Johanna Kessel, Carolin Krämer, Sebastian Lemmen, Marie von Lilienfeld-Toal, Silke Peter, Mathias W. Pletz, Holger Rohde, Stefan Schmiedel, Sören Schubert, Andrew J. Ullmann, Gerd Fätkenheuer and Maria J. G. T. Vehreschild

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:37

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  44. Content type: Research

    This study aims to assess the susceptibility of Acinetobacter baumannii isolates to the antiseptics and disinfectants commonly used, and to the non-approved product.

    Authors: Sanae Lanjri, Jean Uwingabiye, Mohammed Frikh, Lina Abdellatifi, Jalal Kasouati, Adil Maleb, Abdelouahed Bait, Abdelhay Lemnouer and Mostafa Elouennass

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:36

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  45. Content type: Research

    Hospital acquired infections occur at higher rates in low- and middle-income countries, like India, than in high-income countries. Effective implementation of infection control practices is crucial to reducing...

    Authors: Anna K. Barker, Kelli Brown, Dawd Siraj, Muneeb Ahsan, Sharmila Sengupta and Nasia Safdar

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:35

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  46. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    A recent study led by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) revealed at least 30% of antibiotic prescriptions in the outpatient setting were inappropriate. In this study of all ages, among adult...

    Authors: Diane M. Parente, Tristan T. Timbrook, Aisling R. Caffrey and Kerry L. LaPlante

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:33

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