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  1. Recently, the definition of extensively drug-resistant TB (XDR-TB) has been revised. In this study, we conducted a descriptive and retrospective study to determine the prevalence of XDR-TB in a Chinese multidr...

    Authors: Cong Yao, Haiping Guo, Qiang Li, Xuxia Zhang, Yuanyuan Shang, Tongxin Li, Yufeng Wang, Zhongtan Xue, Lu Wang, Liang Li and Yu Pang
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:126
  2. Carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB) infection outbreaks are difficult to control and sometimes require cohorting of CRAB-positive patients or temporary ward closure for environmental cleaning. We ...

    Authors: Marianna Meschiari, José-María Lòpez-Lozano, Vincenzo Di Pilato, Carola Gimenez-Esparza, Elena Vecchi, Erica Bacca, Gabriella Orlando, Erica Franceschini, Mario Sarti, Monica Pecorari, Antonella Grottola, Claudia Venturelli, Stefano Busani, Lucia Serio, Massimo Girardis, Gian Maria Rossolini…
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:123
  3. Staphylococcus aureus can colonize various host species, and human-animal interaction is a significant factor for cross-species transmission. However, data on S. aureus colonization in animals, particularly on ru...

    Authors: Adebayo Osagie Shittu, Fadekemi Funmilayo Taiwo, Neele Judith Froböse, Bianca Schwartbeck, Silke Niemann, Alexander Mellmann and Frieder Schaumburg
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:122
  4. Overcrowding, abuse of antibiotics and increasing antimicrobial resistance negatively affect neonatal survival rates in developing countries. We aimed to define pathogens and their antimicrobial resistance (AM...

    Authors: Jing Liu, Zengyu Fang, Yonghui Yu, Yanjie Ding, Zhijie Liu, Chengyuan Zhang, Haiying He, Hongli Geng, Weibing Chen, Guoying Zhao, Qiang Liu, Baoying Wang, Xueming Sun, Shaofeng Wang, Rongrong Sun, Delong Fu…
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:121
  5. The hospital environment has got more attention as evidence as source for bacterial transmission and subsequent hospital-acquired infection increased. Regular cleaning and disinfection have been proposed to lo...

    Authors: Andreas F. Widmer, Sonja Kuster, Marc Dangel, Sammy Jäger and Reno Frei
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:120
  6. Surveillance of nosocomial infections, like catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI), central line-associated bloodstream infection, possible ventilator-associated pneumonia and secondary bloodstrea...

    Authors: Clara Chong Hui Ong, Sharifah Farhanah, Kyaw Zaw Linn, Ying Wei Tang, Chu Ying Poon, Allie Yin Lim, Hui Ru Tan, Nur Hafizah Binte Hamed, Xiaowei Huan, Ser Hon Puah, Benjamin C. H. Ho, Margaret M. L. Soon, Brenda S. P. Ang, Shawn Vasoo, Monica Chan, Yee Sin Leo…
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:119
  7. The prevalence of infections caused by extended-spectrum beta-lactamase producing Escherichia coli (ESBL-E. coli) is increasing worldwide, but the setting in which this increase is occurring is not well defined. ...

    Authors: Eva Raphael, M. Maria Glymour and Henry F. Chambers
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:118
  8. Healthcare facility-onset Clostridioides difficile infection is the leading cause of antibiotic-associated diarrhea, and is associated with morbidity and mortality. The use of antibiotics is an important risk fac...

    Authors: Ji Hyun Yun, Ga Eun Park and Hyun Kyun Ki
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:117
  9. The objective of this study was to determine the correlation between adenosine triphosphate (ATP) measurements and microbial contamination using a standardized method. Secondarily, analyzing reproducibility of...

    Authors: Andreas van Arkel, Ina Willemsen and Jan Kluytmans
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:116
  10. There has been an increasing resistance rate to tetracyclines, the first line treatment for cholera disease caused by V. cholera strains, worldwide. The aim of the present study was to determine the global status...

    Authors: Mohammad Hossein Ahmadi
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:115
  11. In healthcare facilities, nosocomial transmissions of respiratory viruses are a major issue. SARS-CoV-2 is not exempt from nosocomial transmission. Our goals were to describe COVID-19 nosocomial cases during t...

    Authors: A. Landoas, F. Cazzorla, M. Gallouche, S. Larrat, B. Nemoz, C. Giner, M. Le Maréchal, P. Pavese, O. Epaulard, P. Morand, M.-R. Mallaret and C. Landelle
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:114
  12. The coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has again demonstrated the critical role of effective infection prevention and control (IPC) implementation to combat infectious disease threats. Standards such...

    Authors: Sara Tomczyk, Julie Storr, Claire Kilpatrick and Benedetta Allegranzi
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:113
  13. A total lockdown for pandemic SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) entailed a restriction of elective orthopedic surgeries in Switzerland.  While access to the hospital and human contacts were limited, hygiene measures were ...

    Authors: Ines Unterfrauner, Laura A. Hruby, Peter Jans, Ludwig Steinwender, Mazda Farshad and Ilker Uçkay
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:112
  14. Colistin is widely used in the treatment of nosocomial infections caused by carbapenem-resistant gram-negative bacilli (CR-GNB). Colistin-induced nephrotoxicity is one of the major adverse reactions during col...

    Authors: Jia-Yih Feng, Yi-Tzu Lee, Sheng-Wei Pan, Kuang-Yao Yang, Yuh-Min Chen, David Hung-Tsang Yen, Szu-Yuan Li and Fu-Der Wang
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:111
  15. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a common cause of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). Rapid and accurate detection of lower respiratory tract colonization and/or infection with P. aeruginosa may advise targeted prev...

    Authors: Thomas Ewout van der Schalk, Jasmine Coppens, Leen Timbermont, Agata Turlej-Rogacka, Liesbet Van Heirstraeten, Matilda Berkell, Li Yu, Christine Lammens, Basil Britto Xavier, Veerle Matheeussen, Margareta Ieven, Michael McCarthy, Philippe G. Jorens, Alexey Ruzin, Mark T. Esser, Samir Kumar-Singh…
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:110
  16. Laparoscopy is a minimally-invasive surgical procedure that uses long slender instruments that require much smaller incisions than conventional surgery. This leads to faster recovery times, fewer post-surgical...

    Authors: Daniel Robertson, Jesudian Gnanaraj, Linda Wauben, Jan Huijs, Vasanth Mark Samuel, Jenny Dankelman and Tim Horeman-Franse
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:109
  17. Sequence type (ST) 17 vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VREF) is frequently isolated in nosocomial settings. The aim of this study was to identify whether ST17 contributes to subsequent bacteremia more o...

    Authors: Si-Ho Kim, Sun Young Cho, Hye Mee Kim, Kyungmin Huh, Cheol-In Kang, Kyong Ran Peck and Doo Ryeon Chung
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:108
  18. Norovirus outbreaks cause severe medico-socio-economic problems affecting healthcare workers and patients. The aim of the study was to investigate prevalence of norovirus infection and risk factors for infecti...

    Authors: Kjell Torén, Linus Schiöler, Nancy P. Nenonen, Charles Hannoun, Anette Roth, Lars-Magnus Andersson, Johan Westin and Tomas Bergström
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:107
  19. Globally, tuberculosis (TB) is a leading cause of death from a single infectious agent. Healthcare workers (HCWs) are at increased risk of hospital-acquired TB infection due to persistent exposure to Mycobacteriu...

    Authors: Ana Paleckyte, Oshani Dissanayake, Stella Mpagama, Marc C. Lipman and Timothy D. McHugh
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:106
  20. Antimicrobial resistance is an emerging problem worldwide and poses a significant threat to human health. Antimicrobial stewardship programmes are being implemented in health systems globally, primarily in hos...

    Authors: Jun Wern Yau, Sze Mun Thor, Danny Tsai, Tobias Speare and Chris Rissel
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:105
  21. Multiple room occupancy is common in Nursing Homes (NHs), and its role in transmission of antibiotic-resistant pathogens is unclear. We investigated prevalence of patient colonization and environmental contami...

    Authors: Marco Cassone, Meghan Linder, Cheon Jee Shin, Julia Mantey, Kristen Gibson, Bonnie Lansing and Lona Mody
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:104
  22. Evaluation of the extent and appropriateness of antimicrobial use is a cornerstone of antibiotic stewardship programs, but it is time-consuming. Documentation of the indication at the moment of prescription mi...

    Authors: Annemieke K. van den Broek, Berend H. H. Beishuizen, Eric A. F. Haak, Michiel Duyvendak, Jaap ten Oever, Chris Sytsma, Mieke van Triest, Cornelia C. H. Wielders and Jan M. Prins
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:103
  23. In late 2019, a novel coronavirus was detected in China. Supported by its respiratory transmissibility, even by people infected without symptomatic disease, this coronavirus soon began to rapidly spread worldw...

    Authors: Julian Zirbes, Christian M. Sterr, Marcus Steller, Laura Dapper, Claudia Nonnenmacher-Winter and Frank Günther
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:102
  24. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a major cause of respiratory tract infections in young children. The predominant transmission routes for RSV are still a matter of debate. Specifically, it remains unclear ...

    Authors: Jasmin S. Kutter, Dennis de Meulder, Theo M. Bestebroer, Jeroen J. A. van Kampen, Richard Molenkamp, Ron A. M. Fouchier, Jérôme O. Wishaupt, Pieter L. A. Fraaij and Sander Herfst
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:100
  25. The unrestricted use of linezolid has been linked to the emergence of linezolid-resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis (LRSE). We report the effects of combined antibiotic stewardship and infection control measures...

    Authors: Cihan Papan, Matthias Schröder, Mathias Hoffmann, Heike Knoll, Katharina Last, Frederic Albrecht, Jürgen Geisel, Tobias Fink, Barbara C. Gärtner, Alexander Mellmann, Thomas Volk, Fabian K. Berger and Sören L. Becker
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:99
  26. Infection is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among burn patients, and bloodstream infection (BSI) is the most serious. This study aimed to evaluate the epidemiology and clinical outcomes of BSI in...

    Authors: Yangmin Hu, Danyang Li, Lingcheng Xu, Yuping Hu, Yiwen Sang, Gensheng Zhang and Haibin Dai
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:98
  27. With inappropriate use of antimicrobials becoming a great public health concern globally, the issue of applying clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) to regulate the rational use of antimicrobials has attracted ...

    Authors: Qingwen Deng, Zhichao Zeng, Yuhang Zheng, Junhong Lu and Wenbin Liu
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:97
  28. Colistin is regarded as a last-resort antimicrobial against multi-drug resistant Gram-negative bacteria (GNB), therefore the dissemination of colistin resistance in the environment is of great concern. Horizon...

    Authors: Yolandi Snyman, Andrew C. Whitelaw, Jo M. Barnes, Motlatji R. B. Maloba and Mae Newton-Foot
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:96
  29. Rapid molecular diagnostic tests to investigate the microbial aetiology of pneumonias may improve treatment and antimicrobial stewardship in intensive care units (ICUs). Clinicians’ endorsement and uptake of t...

    Authors: Alyssa M. Pandolfo, Robert Horne, Yogini Jani, Tom W. Reader, Natalie Bidad, David Brealey, Virve I. Enne, David M. Livermore, Vanya Gant and Stephen J. Brett
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:95
  30. Antibiotic resistance is a threat to global child health. Primary healthcare workers play a key role in antibiotic stewardship in the community, but few studies in low-income countries have described their exp...

    Authors: Matilda Emgård, Rose Mwangi, Celina Mayo, Ester Mshana, Gertrud Nkini, Rune Andersson, Sia E. Msuya, Margret Lepp, Florida Muro and Susann Skovbjerg
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:94
  31. Accessibility to alcohol-based handrub (ABHR) dispenser is crucial to improve compliance to hand hygiene (HH), being offered as wall-mounted dispensers (ABHR-Ds), and/or pocket bottles. Nevertheless, informati...

    Authors: Sabine Kuster, Jan A. Roth, Reno Frei, Christoph A. Meier, Marc Dangel and Andreas F. Widmer
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:93
  32. The emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistance and infectious agents have challenged hospitals in recent decades. Our aim was to investigate the circulation of target infectious agents using Geographic I...

    Authors: Priscila Pinho da Silva, Fabiola A. da Silva, Caio Augusto Santos Rodrigues, Leonardo Passos Souza, Elisangela Martins de Lima, Maria Helena B. Pereira, Claudio Neder Candella, Marcio Zenaide de Oliveira Alves, Newton D. Lourenço, Wagner S. Tassinari, Christovam Barcellos and Marisa Zenaide Ribeiro Gomes
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:92
  33. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is one of the greatest global health challenges today, but burden assessment is hindered by uncertainty of AMR prevalence estimates. Geographical representation of AMR estimates ...

    Authors: Erta Kalanxhi, Gilbert Osena, Geetanjali Kapoor and Eili Klein
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:91
  34. Understaffing has been previously reported as a risk factor for central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI). No previous study addressed the question whether fluctuations in staffing have an impact...

    Authors: Thomas Scheier, Stefan P. Kuster, Mesida Dunic, Christian Falk, Hugo Sax and Peter W. Schreiber
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:90
  35. Self-medication is one of the most common forms of inappropriate use of antibiotics. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of self-medication with antibiotics (SMA) in China and evaluate the related factors.

    Authors: Xiaoxv Yin, Ketao Mu, Heping Yang, Jing Wang, Zhenyuan Chen, Nan Jiang, Fengjie Yang, Guopeng Zhang and Jianxiong Wu
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:89
  36. Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales (CRE) is a global threat. Enterobacterales develops carbapenem resistance through several mechanisms, including the production of carbapenemases. We aim to describe the preva...

    Authors: Wantana Paveenkittiporn, Meghan Lyman, Caitlin Biedron, Nora Chea, Charatdao Bunthi, Amy Kolwaite and Noppavan Janejai
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:88
  37. During the intensive care units’ (ICUs) reorganization that was forced by the COVID-19 emergency, attention to traditional infection control measures may have been reduced. Nevertheless, evidence on the effect...

    Authors: V. Baccolini, G. Migliara, C. Isonne, B. Dorelli, L. C. Barone, D. Giannini, D. Marotta, M. Marte, E. Mazzalai, F. Alessandri, F. Pugliese, G. Ceccarelli, C. De Vito, C. Marzuillo, M. De Giusti and P. Villari
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:87
  38. Knowledge of infection prevention and control (IPC) procedures among healthcare workers (HCWs) is crucial for effective IPC. Compliance with IPC measures has critical implications for HCWs safety, patient prot...

    Authors: Saad Alhumaid, Abbas Al Mutair, Zainab Al Alawi, Murtadha Alsuliman, Gasmelseed Y. Ahmed, Ali A. Rabaan, Jaffar A. Al-Tawfiq and Awad Al-Omari
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:86
  39. The Australian National Antimicrobial Resistance Strategy calls for a collaborative effort to change practices that have contributed to the development of drug-resistance and for implementation of new initiati...

    Authors: Gregory Merlo, Minyon Avent, Trent Yarwood, Bonnie Smith, Mieke van Driel and Lisa Hall
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:85
  40. Environmental surface decontamination is a crucial tool to prevent the spread of infections in hospitals. However, manual cleaning and disinfection may be insufficient to eliminate pathogens from contaminated ...

    Authors: Füszl Astrid, Zatorska Beata, Van den Nest Miriam, Ebner Julia, Presterl Elisabeth and Diab-Elschahawi Magda
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:84
  41. With the current SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, many healthcare facilities are lacking a steady supply of masks worldwide. This emergency situation warrants the taking of extraordinary measures to minimize the negative ...

    Authors: Alexandra Peters, Rafael Palomo, Hervé Ney, Nasim Lotfinejad, Walter Zingg, Pierre Parneix and Didier Pittet
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:83
  42. Aerosolization may occur during reprocessing of medical devices. With the current coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, it is important to understand the necessity of using respirators in the cleaning area of the...

    Authors: Camila Quartim de Moraes Bruna, Caroline Lopes Ciofi-Silva, Anderson Vicente de Paula, Lucy Santos Villas Boas, Noely Evangelista Ferreira, Tania R. Tozetto-Mendoza, Maria Cássia Mendes Correa and Kazuko Uchikawa Graziano
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:82
  43. Computerisation of various processes in hospitals and reliance on electronic devices raises the concern of contamination of these devices from the patient environment. We undertook this study to determine if a...

    Authors: Surinder Kaur M. S. Pada, Poh Lishi, Kim Sim Ng, Sarathamani Rethenam, Lilibeth Silagan Alenton, Poh Ling Chee, Wilma Guo, Yin Maw Hsann, Carmen Wan Rong Cheng, Chiou Horng Ong, Ratnayake Lasantha, Douglas Chan and Paul Anantharajah Tambyah
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:81
  44. The primary goal of hand hygiene is to reduce infectious disease rates. We examined if a nursing home’s participation in a hand hygiene intervention resulted in residents having fewer healthcare associated inf...

    Authors: G. R. Teesing, J. H. Richardus, D. Nieboer, M. Petrignani, V. Erasmus, A. Verduijn-Leenman, J. M. G. A. Schols, M. P. G. Koopmans, M. C. Vos and H. A. C. M. Voeten
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:80
  45. The epidemiology of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) has undergone dramatic changes, with CTX-M-type enzymes prevailing over other types. blaCTX-M genes, encoding CTX-M-type ESBLs, are usually found on plas...

    Authors: Misheck Shawa, Yoshikazu Furuta, Gillan Mulenga, Maron Mubanga, Evans Mulenga, Tuvshinzaya Zorigt, Christone Kaile, Manyando Simbotwe, Atmika Paudel, Bernard Hang’ombe and Hideaki Higashi
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:79
  46. To analyse data from 2016–17 from a hospital-based antimicrobial resistance surveillance with national coverage in a network of hospitals Viet Nam.

    Authors: Tien Viet Dung Vu, Marc Choisy, Thi Thuy Nga Do, Van Minh Hoang Nguyen, James I. Campbell, Thi Hoi Le, Vu Trung Nguyen, Heiman F. L. Wertheim, Ngoc Thach Pham, Van Kinh Nguyen and H. Rogier van Doorn
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:78
  47. Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in hospitalized patients. Water in the environment can be a source of infection linked to outbreaks and environmental ...

    Authors: Wing-Kee Yiek, Olga Coenen, Mayke Nillesen, Jakko van Ingen, Edmée Bowles and Alma Tostmann
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:77
  48. Drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB), including rifampicin-resistant tuberculosis (RR-TB) and multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB, or RR-TB with additional isoniazid resistance), presents challenges to TB ...

    Authors: Gloria Bahizi, Robert Kaos Majwala, Stevens Kisaka, Abdunoor Nyombi, Kenneth Musisi, Benon Kwesiga, Lilian Bulage, Alex Riolexus Ario and Stavia Turyahabwe
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:76
  49. Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is one of the most common pathogens causing nosocomial and community-acquired infections with high morbidity and mortality rates. Fusidic acid has been increasingly used for the ...

    Authors: Bahareh Hajikhani, Mehdi Goudarzi, Sareh Kakavandi, Sana Amini, Samira Zamani, Alex van Belkum, Hossein Goudarzi and Masoud Dadashi
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:75