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  1. Surgically-managed fractures, particularly open fractures, are associated with high rates of surgical site infections (SSIs). To reduce the risk of an SSI, orthopaedic surgeons routinely clean open fracture wo...

    Authors: Maria Jurado-Ruiz, Gerard P. Slobogean, Sofia Bzovsky, Alisha Garibaldi, Nathan N. O’Hara, Andrea Howe, Brad Petrisor and Sheila Sprague

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2018 7:148

    Content type: Research

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  2. Nosocomial infections are among the most common complications in hospitals. A major part is caused by multidrug-resistant organisms (MDRO). MRSA is still the most prominent and frequent MDRO. The early detecti...

    Authors: Luise Hutzschenreuter, Steffen Flessa, Kathleen Dittmann and Nils-Olaf Hübner

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2018 7:147

    Content type: Research

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  3. A. baumannii is a common nosocomial pathogen known for its high transmission potential. A high rate of carbapenem-susceptible Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-Acinetobacter baumannii (ACB)-complex in clinical specimen...

    Authors: Andreas F. Wendel, Monika Malecki, Robin Otchwemah, Carlos J. Tellez-Castillo, Samir G. Sakka and Frauke Mattner

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2018 7:145

    Content type: Research

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  4. Carbapenemase Producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) has spread rapidly and presents a growing challenge in antimicrobial resistance (AMR) management internationally. Screening for CPE may involve a rectal swab, ther...

    Authors: Kay Currie, Caroline King, Kareena McAloney-Kocaman, Nicola J. Roberts, Jennifer MacDonald, Adele Dickson, Shona Cairns, Nitish Khanna, Paul Flowers, Jacqui Reilly and Lesley Price

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2018 7:144

    Content type: Research

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  5. Hand Hygiene (HH) compliance was shown to be poor in several studies. Improving the availability of alcohol-based hand rub (ABHR) is a cornerstone for increasing HH compliance.

    Authors: Jonas Keller, Aline Wolfensberger, Lauren Clack, Stefan P. Kuster, Mesida Dunic, Doris Eis, Yvonne Flammer, Dagmar I. Keller and Hugo Sax

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2018 7:143

    Content type: Research

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  6. In recent years, the incidence of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) infections has increased rapidly. Since the CRE strain is usually resistant to most of antimicrobial agents, patients with this infe...

    Authors: Wenxia Zhang, Yan Guo, Jiayin Li, Yiyuan Zhang, Yang Yang, Dong Dong, Demei Zhu, Ping He and Fupin Hu

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2018 7:142

    Content type: Research

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  7. Blood cultures (BCs) are the gold standard for diagnosing sepsis and are prerequisite for a targeted antibiotic treatment and essential for patient outcomes. Aim of the study was to analyze the frequency of BC...

    Authors: Florian Salm, Frank Schwab, Michael Behnke, Frank M. Brunkhorst, André Scherag, Christine Geffers and Petra Gastmeier

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2018 7:141

    Content type: Research

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  8. The standard epidemiologic investigation of outbreaks typically relies on spatiotemporal data and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), but whole genome sequencing (WGS) is becoming increasingly used. This ...

    Authors: Chloe Bogaty, Laura Mataseje, Andrew Gray, Brigitte Lefebvre, Simon Lévesque, Michael Mulvey and Yves Longtin

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2018 7:140

    Content type: Research

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  9. Small colony and capnophilic variant cases have been separately reported, but there has been no reports of their simultaneous presence in one isolate. We report a case of Escherichia coli with coexpressed small c...

    Authors: Yu Jin Park, Nguyen Le Phuong, Naina Adren Pinto, Mi Jeong Kwon, Roshan D’Souza, Jung-Hyun Byun, Heungsup Sung and Dongeun Yong

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2018 7:139

    Content type: Case report

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  10. The rates of resistant microorganisms which complicate the management of healthcare associated infections (HAIs) are increasing worldwide and getting more serious in developing countries. The objective of this...

    Authors: Mulatu Gashaw, Melkamu Berhane, Sisay Bekele, Gebre Kibru, Lule Teshager, Yonas Yilma, Yesuf Ahmed, Netsanet Fentahun, Henok Assefa, Andreas Wieser, Esayas Kebede Gudina and Solomon Ali

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2018 7:138

    Content type: Research

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  11. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the rate of carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative bacteria and antibiotic consumption intensity in 153 tertiary hospitals from China in 2014.

    Authors: Ping Yang, Yunbo Chen, Saiping Jiang, Ping Shen, Xiaoyang Lu and Yonghong Xiao

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2018 7:137

    Content type: Research

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  12. The problem of inappropriate use of antibiotics and the resulting growth in antimicrobial resistance (AMR) has implications for Poland and the world. The objective of this paper was to compare and contrast ant...

    Authors: Jadwiga Wojkowska-Mach, Brian Godman, Amanda Glassman, Amanj Kurdi, Andrzej Pilc, Anna Rozanska, Szymon Skoczyński, Marta Wałaszek and Tomasz Bochenek

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2018 7:136

    Content type: Research

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  13. Escherichia coli sequence type 131 (ST131) is a successful clonal group that has dramatically spread during the last decades and is considered an important driver for the rapid increase of quinolone resistance in...

    Authors: Isabel Morales Barroso, Lorena López-Cerero, María Dolores Navarro, Belén Gutiérrez-Gutiérrez, Alvaro Pascual and Jesús Rodríguez-Baño

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2018 7:135

    Content type: Research

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  14. Gram-negative ESKAPE bacteria are increasingly implicated in several difficult-to-treat infections in developed and developing countries. They are listed by the World Health Organization as resistant bacteria ...

    Authors: Raspail Carrel Founou, Luria Leslie Founou and Sabiha Yusuf Essack

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2018 7:134

    Content type: Research

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  15. Infections caused by vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) are on the rise worldwide. Few studies have tried to estimate the mortality burden as well as the financial burden of those infections and found that...

    Authors: Tobias Siegfried Kramer, Cornelius Remschmidt, Sven Werner, Michael Behnke, Frank Schwab, Guido Werner, Petra Gastmeier and Rasmus Leistner

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2018 7:133

    Content type: Research

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  16. Keeping hospitals clean is a crucial patient safety issue. The importance of the hospital environment in patient care has only recently been recognized widely in infection prevention and control (IPC). In orde...

    Authors: Alexandra Peters, Jon Otter, Andreea Moldovan, Pierre Parneix, Andreas Voss and Didier Pittet

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2018 7:132

    Content type: Meeting report

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  17. Prolonged hospital stay before surgery is a risk for colonization with antibiotic-resistant microorganisms and possible antibiotic-resistant surgical site infections (SSI), which lacks acknowledgement in inter...

    Authors: Marie Davat, Lydia Wuarin, Dimitrios Stafylakis, Mohamed Abbas, Stephan Harbarth, Didier Hannouche and Ilker Uçkay

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2018 7:131

    Content type: Research

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  18. The original article [1] contains an error whereby the author, Pui Lai Rachel Ee’s name is incorrectly presented.

    Authors: Jocelyn Qi-Min Teo, Samuel Rocky Candra, Shannon Jing-Yi Lee, Shannon Yu-Hng Chia, Hui Leck, Ai-Ling Tan, Hui-Peng Neo, Kenneth Wei-Liang Leow, Yiying Cai, Pui Lai Rachel Ee, Tze-Peng Lim, Winnie Lee and Andrea Lay-Hoon Kwa

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2018 7:130

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:27

  19. Sustainable systematic interventions are important for infection prevention and control (IPC). Data from surveillance of healthcare-associated infections (HAI) provides feedback for implementation of IPC progr...

    Authors: Cho-Han Chiang, Sung-Ching Pan, Tyan-Shin Yang, Keisuke Matsuda, Hong Bin Kim, Young Hwa Choi, Satoshi Hori, Jann-Tay Wang, Wang-Huei Sheng, Yee-Chun Chen, Feng-Yee Chang and Shan-Chwen Chang

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2018 7:129

    Content type: Research

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  20. Metallo-β-lactamase (MBL)-producing isolates have a strong impact on diagnostic and therapeutic decisions. A high frequency of MBL-producing gram-negative bacilli has been reported worldwide. The current study...

    Authors: Noor Ul Ain, Anam Iftikhar, Syeda Sadia Bukhari, Samyyia Abrar, Shahida Hussain, Muhammad Hayat Haider, Farhan Rasheed and Saba Riaz

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2018 7:128

    Content type: Research

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  21. Florfenicol is a derivative of chloramphenicol that is used only for the treatment of animal diseases. A key resistance gene for florfenicol, floR, can spread among bacteria of the same and different species or g...

    Authors: Junwan Lu, Jinfang Zhang, Lei Xu, Yabo Liu, Pingping Li, Tingyuan Zhu, Cong Cheng, Shunfei Lu, Teng Xu, Huiguang Yi, Kewei Li, Wu Zhou, Peizhen Li, Liyan Ni and Qiyu Bao

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2018 7:127

    Content type: Research

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  22. The optimal timing of preoperative surgical antimicrobial prophylaxis (SAP) remains uncertain. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of changing the timing of SAP on the incidence of surgical site infection ...

    Authors: Akane Takamatsu, Yasuaki Tagashira, Kaori Ishii, Yasuhiro Morita, Yasuharu Tokuda and Hitoshi Honda

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2018 7:126

    Content type: Short report

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  23. Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is understudied in limited resource settings. In addition, provider awareness of CDI as a prevalent threat is unknown. An assessment of current facilitators and barriers to C...

    Authors: Laurel Legenza, Susanne Barnett, Warren Rose, Nasia Safdar, Theresa Emmerling, Keng Hee Peh and Renier Coetzee

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2018 7:125

    Content type: Research

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  24. The literature is replete with attempts to design and promote customized guidelines to reduce infections during the care continuum. Paradoxically, these efforts sometimes result in gray areas where many staff ...

    Authors: Anat Gesser-Edelsburg, Ricky Cohen, Adva Mir Halavi, Mina Zemach, Peter Vernon van Heerden, Sigal Sviri, Shmuel Benenson, Uriel Trahtemberg, Efrat Orenbuch-Harroch, Lior Lowenstein, Dan Shteinberg, Asher Salmon and Allon Moses

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2018 7:124

    Content type: Research

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  25. Although the prevalence of the carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii (CRAB) has increased in Taiwan, few studies have elucidated the prevalence of different carbapenemase genes in Taiwan. The first objective of this ...

    Authors: Teng-Ho Wang, Yi-Shing Leu, Nai-Yu Wang, Chang-Pan Liu and Tsong-Rong Yan

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2018 7:123

    Content type: Research

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  26. Disinfectant products are often used on environmental surfaces (e.g. countertops, patient beds) and patient care equipment in healthcare facilities to help prevent the transmission of healthcare-associated inf...

    Authors: Alyssa M West, Carine A Nkemngong, Maxwell G Voorn, Tongyu Wu, Xiaobao Li, Peter J Teska and Haley F Oliver

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2018 7:122

    Content type: Research

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  27. Treatment and prevention of wound infection continues to be a challenging issue in clinical settings of Nepal especially in the context of globally growing problem of antimicrobial resistance. Study on opportu...

    Authors: Narbada Upreti, Binod Rayamajhee, Samendra P. Sherchan, Mahesh Kumar Choudhari and Megha Raj Banjara

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2018 7:121

    Content type: Research

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  28. Acinetobacter baumannii strains with multiple antimicrobial resistance are primarily known as opportunistic nosocomial bacteria but they may also be regarded as emerging bacterial contaminants of food samples of ...

    Authors: Marziyeh Tavakol, Hassan Momtaz, Parviz Mohajeri, Leili Shokoohizadeh and Elahe Tajbakhsh

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2018 7:120

    Content type: Research

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  29. We assess the cost-benefit implications of C-reactive protein (CRP) testing in reducing antibiotic prescription for acute respiratory infection in Viet Nam by comparing the incremental costs of CRP testing wit...

    Authors: Yoel Lubell, Nga T. T. Do, Kinh V. Nguyen, Ngan T. D. Ta, Ninh T. H. Tran, Hung M. Than, Long B. Hoang, Poojan Shrestha, Rogier H. van Doorn, Behzad Nadjm and Heiman F. L. Wertheim

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2018 7:119

    Content type: Short report

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  30. Antimicrobial resistance is a global health problem that demands all possible means to control it. Mathematical modelling is a valuable tool for understanding the mechanisms of AMR development and spread, and ...

    Authors: Anna Camilla Birkegård, Tariq Halasa, Nils Toft, Anders Folkesson and Kaare Græsbøll

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2018 7:117

    Content type: Review

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  31. Infections caused by multidrug-resistant organisms (MDRO) are emerging worldwide. Physicians are increasingly faced with the question of whether patients need empiric antibiotic treatment covering these pathog...

    Authors: Hélène Mascitti, Clara Duran, Elisabeth-Marie Nemo, Frédérique Bouchand, Ruxandra Câlin, Alexis Descatha, Jean-Louis Gaillard, Christine Lawrence, Benjamin Davido, François Barbier and Aurélien Dinh

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2018 7:116

    Content type: Research

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  32. Foods with animal origins and particularly milk play a considerable role in transmission of Helicobacter pylori. The current study was performed to assess phenotypic characters of antibiotic resistance and genoty...

    Authors: Reza Ranjbar, Farid Yadollahi Farsani and Farhad Safarpoor Dehkordi

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2018 7:115

    Content type: Research

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  33. Infections caused by multi-drug resistant gram-negative bacterial infections are the principle threats to the critically ill patients of intensive care units. Increasing reports of these infections from the Ne...

    Authors: Shraddha Siwakoti, Asish Subedi, Abhilasha Sharma, Ratna Baral, Narayan Raj Bhattarai and Basudha Khanal

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2018 7:114

    Content type: Research

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  34. The 2015–2017 global migratory crisis saw unprecedented numbers of people on the move and tremendous diversity in terms of age, gender and medical requirements. This article focuses on key emerging public heal...

    Authors: Mohamed Abbas, Tammam Aloudat, Javier Bartolomei, Manuel Carballo, Sophie Durieux-Paillard, Laure Gabus, Alexandra Jablonka, Yves Jackson, Kanokporn Kaojaroen, Daniel Koch, Esperanza Martinez, Marc Mendelson, Roumyana Petrova-Benedict, Sotirios Tsiodras, Derek Christie, Mirko Saam…

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2018 7:113

    Content type: Review

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  35. The authors advocate the addition of two preventative strategies to the current United State’s guidelines for the prevention of surgical site infections. It is known that Staphylococcus aureus, including Methicil...

    Authors: Kevin T. Kavanagh, Said Abusalem and Lindsay E. Calderon

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2018 7:112

    Content type: Commentary

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  36. Patients with complicated urinary tract infections (cUTIs) frequently receive broad-spectrum antibiotics. We aimed to determine the prevalence and predictive factors of multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacter...

    Authors: Aina Gomila, Evelyn Shaw, Jordi Carratalà, Leonard Leibovici, Cristian Tebé, Irith Wiegand, Laura Vallejo-Torres, Joan M. Vigo, Stephen Morris, Margaret Stoddart, Sally Grier, Christiane Vank, Nienke Cuperus, Leonard Van den Heuvel, Noa Eliakim-Raz, Cuong Vuong…

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2018 7:111

    Content type: Research

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  37. Diarrheal illness remains one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality among children under 5 years of age worldwide, especially in developing countries. Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli (DEC) is the major ...

    Authors: Yeshwondm Mamuye GebreSilasie, Kassu Desta Tullu and Addisu Gize Yeshanew

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2018 7:110

    Content type: Research

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  38. There is limited evidence from multicenter, randomized controlled studies to inform planning and implementation of antibiotic stewardship interventions in hospitals.

    Authors: Jannicke Slettli Wathne, Lars Kåre Selland Kleppe, Stig Harthug, Hege Salvesen Blix, Roy M. Nilsen, Esmita Charani and Ingrid Smith

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2018 7:109

    Content type: Research

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  39. The risk of SSI increases in the presence of foreign materials and may be caused by organisms with low pathogenicity, such as skin flora derived from hands of surgical team members in the event of a glove brea...

    Authors: Miranda Suchomel, Markus Brillmann, Ojan Assadian, Karen J. Ousey and Elisabeth Presterl

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2018 7:108

    Content type: Research

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  40. Gram-positive bacterial bloodstream infections (BSIs) are serious diseases associated with high morbidity and mortality. The following study examines the incidence, clinical characteristics and microbiological...

    Authors: Qiang Zhu, Yan Yue, Lichen Zhu, Jiewei Cui, Minghui Zhu, Liangan Chen, Zhen Yang and Zhixin Liang

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2018 7:107

    Content type: Research

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  41. An analysis of 186 diagnostic reports collected from a veterinary clinic in Singapore between 2014 to 2016 showed that sick companion animals can carry bacteria that are of significance to human health. Among ...

    Authors: Sri Harminda Pahm Hartantyo, Man Ling Chau, Laurent Fillon, Ahmad Zhafir Bin Mohamad Ariff, Joanne Su Lin Kang, Kyaw Thu Aung and Ramona Alikiiteaga Gutiérrez

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2018 7:106

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  42. Vancomycin is still one of the most commonly used drug for treatment of severe methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections. Vancomycin-resistant S. aureus (VRSA) strains are a serious danger for...

    Authors: Ksenia Szymanek-Majchrzak, Andrzej Mlynarczyk and Grazyna Mlynarczyk

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2018 7:105

    Content type: Research

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  43. Antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASPs) have been shown to reduce inappropriate antimicrobial use and its consequences. However, these programs lack legislative requirements in many places and it can be diff...

    Authors: A. M. Morris, E. Rennert-May, B. Dalton, N. Daneman, L. Dresser, S. Fanella, J. Grant, Y. Keynan, N. Le Saux, J. McDonald, Y. Shevchuk, D. Thirion and J. M. Conly

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2018 7:104

    Content type: Review

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  44. Vancomycin resistant enterococci (VRE) occur with enhanced frequency in hospitalised patients. This study elucidates the prevalence of VRE on admission among surgical intensive care unit (SICU) patients, wheth...

    Authors: Stefanie Kampmeier, Annelene Kossow, Larissa Monika Clausen, Dennis Knaack, Christian Ertmer, Antje Gottschalk, Hendrik Freise and Alexander Mellmann

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2018 7:103

    Content type: Research

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  45. Colonization with multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria is a major risk factor for developing subsequent MDR infections.

    Authors: Pinyo Rattanaumpawan, Chatiros Choorat, Kanchanaporn Takonkitsakul, Teerawit Tangkoskul, Chakrapong Seenama and Visanu Thamlikitkul

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2018 7:102

    Content type: Research

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  46. Mupirocin is widely used for nasal decolonization of Staphylococcus aureus to prevent subsequent staphylococcal infection in patients and healthcare personnel. However, the prolonged and unrestricted use has led ...

    Authors: Adebayo O. Shittu, Mamadou Kaba, Shima M. Abdulgader, Yewande O. Ajao, Mujibat O. Abiola and Ayodele O. Olatimehin

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2018 7:101

    Content type: Review

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  47. In France, Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) and Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci (VRE) are considered as Extensively Drug-Resistant (XDR) bacteria. Their management requires reinforcement of hospi...

    Authors: Benjamin Davido, Aurore Moussiegt, Aurélien Dinh, Frédérique Bouchand, Morgan Matt, Olivia Senard, Laurene Deconinck, Florence Espinasse, Christine Lawrence, Nicolas Fortineau, Azzam Saleh-Mghir, Silvia Caballero, Lelia Escaut and Jérome Salomon

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2018 7:100

    Content type: Short report

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  48. In 2018, the Chinese government demanded nationwide implementation of medical insurance payment methods based on Single-Disease Payment (SDP), but during the operation process the medical insurance system did ...

    Authors: Yu Lü, Min Hong Cai, Jian Cheng, Kun Zou, Qian Xiang, Jia Yu Wu, Dao Qiong Wei, Zhong Hua Zhou, Hui Wang, Chen Wang and Jing Chen

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2018 7:99

    Content type: Research

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  49. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) poses a colossal threat to global health and incurs high economic costs to society. Economic evaluations of antimicrobials and interventions such as diagnostics and vaccines that...

    Authors: Poojan Shrestha, Ben S. Cooper, Joanna Coast, Raymond Oppong, Nga Do Thi Thuy, Tuangrat Phodha, Olivier Celhay, Philippe J. Guerin, Heiman Wertheim and Yoel Lubell

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2018 7:98

    Content type: Research

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