Over 1.4 million people worldwide suffer from HAI at any given time. Hospital wide prevalence of HAI varies from 5.7% to 19.1%, witha pooled prevalence of 10.1%. Surgical site infections are most frequent in developing countries, with incidence rates from 1.2 to 23.6 per 100 surgeries. The adverse impact includes increased mortality and morbidity, and compromised quality of life of the patient and family . This study focuses on the economic consequences and social burden of HAI cases in a tertiary level hospital.