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  1. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) represents one of the biggest threats to health globally. This cross-sectional study determined knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) regarding antimicrobial use (AMU) and AMR...

    Authors: Calvin Sindato, Leonard E. G. Mboera, Bugwesa Z. Katale, Gasto Frumence, Sharadhuli Kimera, Taane G. Clark, Helena Legido-Quigley, Stephen E. Mshana, Mark M. Rweyemamu and Mecky Matee
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:194
  2. Owing to their resistance to an important class of antibiotics, the prevention and treatment of carbapenem-resistant (CR)/non-susceptible Gram-negative (GN) infections has become an important public health obj...

    Authors: Esther E. Avendano, Gowri Raman, Jeffrey Chan and Eilish McCann
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:193
  3. Super-spreaders are individuals infecting disproportionately large numbers of contacts. They probably play a crucial role in the transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). We...

    Authors: Dana Weissberg, Jürg Böni, Silvana K. Rampini, Verena Kufner, Maryam Zaheri, Peter W. Schreiber, Irene A. Abela, Michael Huber, Hugo Sax and Aline Wolfensberger
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:191
  4. Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) was officially declared a pandemic in March 2020. Many cases of COVID-19 are nosocomial, but to the best of our knowledge, no nosocomial outbreaks on psychiatric departments of s...

    Authors: J. J. E. Rovers, L. S. van de Linde, N. Kenters, E. M. Bisseling, D. F. Nieuwenhuijse, B. B. Oude Munnink, A. Voss and M. Nabuurs-Franssen
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:190
  5. Placement of central-venous catheters (CVCs) is an essential practice in the management of hospitalized patients, however, insertion at the commonly used sites has often the potential of inducing major complic...

    Authors: Vassiliki Pitiriga, Petros Kanellopoulos, Ioannis Bakalis, Elsa Kampos, Ioannis Sagris, George Saroglou and Athanasios Tsakris
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:189
  6. Surgical site infections (SSI) are rare but severe complications after total joint arthroplasty (TJA). Decolonization measures prior to elective orthopedic surgeries have shown to reduce the risk of SSI with Stap...

    Authors: Björn Wandhoff, Christin Schröder, Ulrich Nöth, Robert Krause, Burkhard Schmidt, Stephan David, Eike-Eric Scheller, Friedrich Jahn, Michael Behnke, Petra Gastmeier and Tobias Siegfried Kramer
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:188
  7. The costs attributable to antimicrobial resistance (AMR) remain theoretical and largely unspecified. Current figures fail to capture the full health and economic burden caused by AMR across human, animal, and ...

    Authors: Chantal M. Morel, Richard A. Alm, Christine Årdal, Alessandra Bandera, Giacomo M. Bruno, Elena Carrara, Giorgio L. Colombo, Marlieke E. A. de Kraker, Sabiha Essack, Isabel Frost, Bruno Gonzalez-Zorn, Herman Goossens, Luca Guardabassi, Stephan Harbarth, Peter S. Jørgensen, Souha S. Kanj…
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:187
  8. Central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI) are largely preventable when evidence-based guidelines are followed. However, it is not clear how well these guidelines are followed in intensive care un...

    Authors: Xiuwen Chi, Juan Guo, Xiaofeng Niu, Ru He, Lijuan Wu and Hong Xu
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:186
  9. Prehospital professionals such as emergency physicians or paramedics must be able to choose and adequately don and doff personal protective equipment (PPE) in order to avoid COVID-19 infection. Our aim was to ...

    Authors: Laurent Suppan, Loric Stuby, Birgit Gartner, Robert Larribau, Anne Iten, Mohamed Abbas, Stephan Harbarth and Mélanie Suppan
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:185
  10. Ethiopia has set a goal to eliminate malaria by 2030; Artemether–lumefantrine (AL) is put as one of the cornerstone strategies for uncomplicated plasmodium falciparum malaria treatment. However, only focusing on ...

    Authors: Mekonnen Gebremichael Gebrekidan, Gebretsadik Berhe Gebremedhin, Yosef Sibhatu Gebregiorgis, Alefech Addisu Gezehegn and Kissanet Tesfay Weldearegay
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:184
  11. Studies have repeatedly highlighted the need for homogenisation of training content and opportunities in infection prevention and control (IPC) across European countries.

    Authors: Constantinos Tsioutis, Gabriel Birgand, Erik Bathoorn, Aleksander Deptula, Lenny ten Horn, Enrique Castro-Sánchez, Oana Săndulescu, Andreas F. Widmer, Athanasios Tsakris, Giulio Pieve, Evelina Tacconelli and Nico T. Mutters
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:183
  12. Carbapenem resistant Acinetobacter species have caused great difficulties in clinical therapy in the worldwide. Here we describe an Acinetobacter johnsonii M19 with a novel blaOXA-23 containing transposon Tn6681 ...

    Authors: Gongli Zong, Chuanqing Zhong, Jiafang Fu, Yu Zhang, Peipei Zhang, Wenchi Zhang, Yan Xu, Guangxiang Cao and Rongzhen Zhang
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:182
  13. The use of antimicrobials in animals for growth promotion and infection prevention significantly contributes to the development of antimicrobial resistance (AMR), a growing public health threat. While the Worl...

    Authors: Sunil Pokharel, Priyanka Shrestha and Bipin Adhikari
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:181
  14. Transplant recipients are at high risk for infections. However, donor-recipient transmission of multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs) remains mostly unaddressed in the protocols of pre-transplant infection and...

    Authors: Carlos L. Correa-Martínez, Felix Becker, Vera Schwierzeck, Alexander Mellmann, Jens G. Brockmann and Stefanie Kampmeier
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:180
  15. COVID-19 is continuing to ravage the globe. In many Western Countries, the populous has not embraced public health advice which has resulted in a resurgence of the COVID-19 virus. In the United States, there i...

    Authors: Kevin T. Kavanagh, Judith Pare and Christine Pontus
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:179
  16. Staphylococcus epidermidis is the most common pathogen in postoperative endophthalmitis and causes various infectious eye diseases. However, there is very little information on fluoroquinolone antibiotic resistan...

    Authors: Jung Youb Kang, Woonhyoung Lee, Gwang Myeong Noh, Bo Hyun Jeong, Indal Park and Sang Joon Lee
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:177
  17. Pre-wetted disinfectant wipes are increasingly being used in healthcare facilities to help address the risk of healthcare associated infections (HAIs). However, HAIs are still a major problem in the US with Clost...

    Authors: Carine A. Nkemngong, Gurpreet K. Chaggar, Xiaobao Li, Peter J. Teska and Haley F. Oliver
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:176
  18. Local data from the Asella Teaching and Referral Hospital in the town of Asella, Ethiopia reveal a high prevalence of extended-spectrum β-lactamase- (ESBL) producing Gram-negative bacteria (GNB) in clinical is...

    Authors: Tafese Beyene Tufa, Andre Fuchs, Tobias Wienemann, Yannik Eggers, Sileshi Abdissa, Marlen Schneider, Björn-Erik Ole Jensen, Johannes G. Bode, Klaus Pfeffer, Dieter Häussinger, Colin R. Mackenzie, Hans Martin Orth and Torsten Feldt
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:175
  19. Group B Streptococcus (GBS) remains a significant cause of neonatal infection, but the maternal risk factors for GBS colonization remain poorly defined. We hypothesized that there may be an association between an...

    Authors: Gerald A. Capraro, Sajel Lala, Khaldia Khaled, Elizabeth Gosciniak, Brianna Saadat, Sarah M. Alvarez, Seema Kumar, Tara Calhoun, Edward Landry, Gloria Caldito, Joseph A. Bocchini Jr. and John A. Vanchiere
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:174
  20. Inappropriate antibiotic utilization is associated with the emergence of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and a decline in antibiotic susceptibility in many pathogenic organisms isolated in intensive care units....

    Authors: Yasser M. Kazzaz, Haneen AlTurki, Lama Aleisa, Bashaer Alahmadi, Nora Alfattoh and Nadia Alattas
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:173
  21. Studies have detected that prescribers display gaps in knowledge and inappropriate attitudes regarding antibiotics and resistances, but it is not known whether these are generated during professional practice ...

    Authors: Natalia Nogueira-Uzal, Maruxa Zapata-Cachafeiro, Olalla Vázquez-Cancela, Ana López-Durán, Maria T. Herdeiro and Adolfo Figueiras
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:172
  22. Appropriate antibiotic prescribing is key to combating antimicrobial resistance. Upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) are common reasons for emergency department (ED) visits and antibiotic use. Different...

    Authors: Joshua Guoxian Wong, Aung-Hein Aung, Weixiang Lian, David Chien Lye, Chee-Kheong Ooi and Angela Chow
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:171
  23. The distribution of β-lactam resistance genes in P. aeruginosa is often closely related to the distribution of certain high-risk international clones. We used whole-genome sequencing (WGS) to identify the predomi...

    Authors: Mazen A. Sid Ahmed, Faisal Ahmad Khan, Ali A. Sultan, Bo Söderquist, Emad Bashir Ibrahim, Jana Jass and Ali S. Omrani
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:170
  24. The environmental role of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) acquisition and infection in human disease has been described but not thoroughly investigated. We aimed to assess the occurrence of CP...

    Authors: Regev Cohen, Svetlana Paikin, Assaf Rokney, Maxim Rubin-Blum and Peleg Astrahan
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:169
  25. The aim of this study was to detect CMY-type beta-lactamases in E. coli isolates obtained from paediatric patients.

    Authors: Jocelin Merida-Vieyra, Agustín De Colsa-Ranero, Yair Calderón-Castañeda and Alejandra Aquino-Andrade
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:168
  26. We performed an environmental sampling study to investigate the environmental contamination of SARS-CoV-2 by COVID-19 patients with prolonged PCR positive status of clinical samples.

    Authors: Li Wei, Wenzhi Huang, Xiaojun Lu, Yantong Wang, Linzhi Cheng, Rong Deng, Haiyan Long and Zhiyong Zong
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:167
  27. This study reports the global trends of antimicrobial susceptibility to ceftaroline and ceftazidime–avibactam using data from the Antimicrobial Testing Leadership and Surveillance (ATLAS) program between 2012 ...

    Authors: Hui Zhang, Yingchun Xu, Peiyao Jia, Ying Zhu, Ge Zhang, Jingjia Zhang, Simeng Duan, Wei Kang, Tong Wang, Ran Jing, Jingwei Cheng, Yali Liu and Qiwen Yang
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:166
  28. Surgical antibiotic prophylaxis (SAP) represents a major indication of antibiotic consumption worldwide. The present study aims to report the results of an enabling, long-term AMS intervention conducted betwee...

    Authors: Francesco Vladimiro Segala, Rita Murri, Eleonora Taddei, Francesca Giovannenze, Pierluigi Del Vecchio, Emanuela Birocchi, Francesco Taccari, Roberto Cauda and Massimo Fantoni
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:164
  29. Strong evidence is lacking to support effectiveness of currently implemented tuberculosis infection prevention control (TB-IPC) measures for preventing nosocomial tuberculosis (TB) transmission. This 13-year a...

    Authors: Zhongyao Xie, Ning Zhou, Yuqing Chi, Guofang Huang, Jingping Wang, Hui Gao, Na Xie, Qianhui Ma, Nan Yang, Zhenlan Duan, Wenjuan Nie, Zhaogang Sun and Naihui Chu
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:165
  30. Hospital intensive care units (ICUs) are known reservoirs of multidrug resistant nosocomial bacteria. Targeted environmental monitoring of these organisms in health care facilities can strengthen infection con...

    Authors: Kanishka Kamathewatta, Rhys Bushell, Fannana Rafa, Glenn Browning, Helen Billman-Jacobe and Marc Marenda
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:163
  31. The widespread application of triclosan contributes to its residual deposition in urine, which provides an environment of long-term exposure to triclosan for the intestinal Escherichia coli. We determined the tri...

    Authors: Weiliang Zeng, Wenya Xu, Ye Xu, Wenli Liao, Yajie Zhao, Xiangkuo Zheng, Chunquan Xu, Tieli Zhou and Jianming Cao
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:161
  32. The impact of appropriate antimicrobial therapy for A. baumannii bacteremic pneumonia has not been well established due to the inclusion of the three phenotypically indistinguishable Acinetobacter species and con...

    Authors: Fang-Yu Kang, Chorng-Kuang How, Yung-Chih Wang, Aristine Cheng, Ya-Sung Yang, Shu-Chen Kuo, Chang-Pan Liu, Yuag-Meng Liu, Te-Li Chen and Yi-Tzu Lee
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:160
  33. The overuse of antibiotics has been a major public health problem worldwide, especially in low- and middle- income countries (LMIC). However, there are few policies specific to antibiotic stewardship in primar...

    Authors: Xuemei Wang, Yuqing Tang, Chenxi Liu, Junjie Liu, Youwen Cui and Xinping Zhang
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:159
  34. Clostridioides (Clostridium) difficile is an important pathogen of healthcare- associated diarrhea, however, an increase in the occurrence of C. difficile infection (CDI) outside hospital settings has been report...

    Authors: Mohammad Sholeh, Marcela Krutova, Mehdi Forouzesh, Sergey Mironov, Nourkhoda Sadeghifard, Leila Molaeipour, Abbas Maleki and Ebrahim Kouhsari
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:158
  35. After the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus outbreak in Korea in 2015, the Government established a strategy for infection prevention to encourage infection control activities in hospitals. The new ...

    Authors: Pyoeng Gyun Choe, Jihee Lim, Eun Jin Kim, Jeong Hee Kim, Myoung Jin Shin, Sung Ran Kim, Jun Yong Choi, Young Hwa Choi, Kyung Won Lee, Hyunsook Koo, Hyungmin Lee, Kyoung-Ho Song, Eu Suk Kim, Nam Joong Kim, Myoung-don Oh and Hong Bin Kim
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:157
  36. Linezolid has been increasingly used in tertiary NICUs. The objectives of this study were to explore the indications of these linezolid prescriptions, to analyze a possible misuse and to provide solutions to a...

    Authors: Lucie Matrat, Frank Plaisant, Christine Barreto, Olivier Claris and Marine Butin
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:156
  37. Nosocomial carbapenemase-producing Enterobacterieceae (CPE) infections constitute a major global health concern and are associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Rectal colonization with CPE is a risk fa...

    Authors: Li Yan, Jide Sun, Xiuyu Xu and Shifeng Huang
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:155
  38. Currently, hospitals have been forced to divert substantial resources to cope with the ongoing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. It is unclear if this situation will affect long-standing infection ...

    Authors: Stefanie Kampmeier, Hauke Tönnies, Carlos L. Correa-Martinez, Alexander Mellmann and Vera Schwierzeck
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:154
  39. A considerable proportion of patients hospitalized with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) acquired secondary bacterial infections (SBIs). The etiology and antimicrobial resistance of bacteria were reported a...

    Authors: Jie Li, Junwei Wang, Yi Yang, Peishan Cai, Jingchao Cao, Xuefeng Cai and Yu Zhang
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:153
  40. The increase in antimicrobial resistance is of worldwide concern. Surrogate tracers attempt to simulate microbial transmission by avoiding the infectious risks associated with live organisms. We evaluated sili...

    Authors: Manuela Scotoni, Julian Koch, Timothy R. Julian, Lauren Clack, Ana K. Pitol, Aline Wolfensberger, Robert N. Grass and Hugo Sax
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:152
  41. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: John Conly, W. H. Seto, Didier Pittet, Alison Holmes, May Chu and Paul R. Hunter
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:151

    The original article was published in Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:126

  42. Self-medication with antibiotics (SMA) is one of the most dangerous inappropriate antibiotic use behaviors. This study aims to investigate the impact of parental SMA for children before a consultation on their...

    Authors: Jiayao Xu, Xiaomin Wang, Kai Sing Sun, Leesa Lin and Xudong Zhou
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:150
  43. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is one of the most urgent global health threats with low-resource countries being disproportionately affected. Targeted interventions require insight in antibiotic prescription p...

    Authors: Pius G. Horumpende, Stephen E. Mshana, Elise F. Mouw, Blandina T. Mmbaga, Jaffu O. Chilongola and Quirijn de Mast
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:149
  44. Healthcare workers (HCWs) are on the front line of the COVID-19 outbreak, and their constant exposure to infected patients and contaminated surfaces puts them at risk of acquiring and transmitting the infectio...

    Authors: Anat Gesser-Edelsburg, Ricky Cohen, Nour Abed Elhadi Shahbari and Rana Hijazi
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:148
  45. Appropriate hand hygiene (HH) is key to reducing healthcare-acquired infections. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends education and training to improve HH knowledge and compliance. Physicians are ran...

    Authors: Sandrine Dray, Samuel Lehingue, Sabine Valera, Philippe Nouguier, Michel Salah Boussen, Florence Daviet, Delphine Bastian, Estelle Pilarczik, Isabelle Jousset, Sébastien Le Floch, Georgette Grech, Georges Leonetti, Laurent Papazian, Nadim Cassir and Jean-Marie Forel
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:147
  46. Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) and antimicrobial use (AMU) are important drivers of antimicrobial resistance, yet there is minimal data from the Pacific region. We sought to determine the point preval...

    Authors: M. J. Loftus, S. J. Curtis, R. Naidu, A. C. Cheng, A. W. J. Jenney, B. G. Mitchell, P. L. Russo, E. Rafai, A. Y. Peleg and A. J. Stewardson
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:146
  47. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is of growing concern globally and AMR status in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is undefined due to a lack of real-time data recording, surveillance and regulation. World Health Organi...

    Authors: Linzy Elton, Margaret J. Thomason, John Tembo, Thirumalaisamy P. Velavan, Srinivas Reddy Pallerla, Liã Bárbara Arruda, Francesco Vairo, Chiara Montaldo, Francine Ntoumi, Muzamil M. Abdel Hamid, Najmul Haider, Richard Kock, Giuseppe Ippolito, Alimuddin Zumla and Timothy D. McHugh
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:145
  48. Sub-Saharan African countries are transitioning to dolutegravir-based regimens, even for patients with extensive previous drug exposure, including first-generation integrase strand-transfer inhibitors (INSTI) ...

    Authors: Joseph Fokam, Desire Takou, Ezechiel Ngoufack Jagni Semengue, Georges Teto, Grace Beloumou, Beatrice Dambaya, Maria-Mercedes Santoro, Leonella Mossiang, Serge Clotaire Billong, Fatim Cham, Samuel Martin Sosso, Edith Saounde Temgoua, Aubin Joseph Nanfack, Sylvie Moudourou, Nelly Kamgaing, Rachel Kamgaing…
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:143