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  1. Clostridioides difficile is the most common cause of nosocomial diarrhea. Ribotyping of cultured strains by a PCR-based test is used to study potential transmission between patients. We aimed to develop a rapid t...

    Authors: Tessel M. van Rossen, Joffrey van Prehn, Alex Koek, Marcel Jonges, Robin van Houdt, Rosa van Mansfeld, Ed J. Kuijper, Christina M. J. E. Vandenbroucke-Grauls and Andries E. Budding
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:23
  2. Intensive care units (ICUs) in lower-middle income countries (LMICs) are suspected to constitute a special risk for patients of acquiring infection due to multiple antibiotic resistant organisms. The aim of th...

    Authors: Yulia Rosa Saharman, Anis Karuniawati, Juliëtte A. Severin and Henri A. Verbrugh
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:22
  3. Social media may provide a tool, when coupled with a patient-included™ conference, to enhance the engagement among the general public. We describe authors and potential readers of Twitter content surrounding a...

    Authors: Romain Martischang, Ermira Tartari, Claire Kilpatrick, Graham Mackenzie, Vanessa Carter, Enrique Castro-Sánchez, Hilda Márquez-Villarreal, Jonathan A. Otter, Eli Perencevich, Denise Silber, Julie Storr, Jason Tetro, Andreas Voss and Didier Pittet
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:20
  4. Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (S. maltophilia) is an opportunistic and nosocomial pathogen that can cause an invasive and fatal infection, particularly in hospitalized and immunocompromised patients. However, litt...

    Authors: Mohammed Alsuhaibani, Alanoud Aljarbou, Sahar Althawadi, Abdulrahman Alsweed and Sami Al-Hajjar
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:19
  5. The relationship between antibiotic use and antimicrobial resistance varies with cultural, socio-economic, and environmental factors. We examined these relationships in Kibera, an informal settlement in Nairob...

    Authors: Sylvia Omulo, Eric T. Lofgren, Svetlana Lockwood, Samuel M. Thumbi, Godfrey Bigogo, Alice Ouma, Jennifer R. Verani, Bonventure Juma, M. Kariuki Njenga, Samuel Kariuki, Terry F. McElwain, Guy H. Palmer and Douglas R. Call
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:18
  6. Cutibacterium acnes is part of the anaerobic skin microbiome and resides in deeper skin layers. The organism is an agent of surgical site infections (SSI) in shoulder surgery. We hypothesized that prolonged skin ...

    Authors: Dorothea Dörfel, Matthias Maiwald, Georg Daeschlein, Gerald Müller, Robert Hudek, Ojan Assadian, Günter Kampf, Thomas Kohlmann, Julian Camill Harnoss and Axel Kramer
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:17
  7. Bloodstream infection (BSI) caused by multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (MDR-AB) has been increasingly observed among hospitalized patients. The following study analyzed the epidemiology and microbiolog...

    Authors: Kaihang Yu, Weiliang Zeng, Ye Xu, Wenli Liao, Wenya Xu, Tieli Zhou, Jianming Cao and Lijiang Chen
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:16
  8. Antibiotic prescribing is common worldwide. There are several original studies about antibiotic prescribing in the healthcare setting of Iran reporting different levels of prescribing. The aim of this systemat...

    Authors: Ehsan Nabovati, Zhila TaherZadeh, Saeid Eslami, Ameen Abu-Hanna and Reza Abbasi
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:15
  9. Elderly residents in long-term care facilities (LTCFs) are vulnerable to healthcare-associated infections. Although hand hygiene is a leading measure for preventing infection, the compliance of healthcare work...

    Authors: Dominique Lescure, Anja Haenen, Sabine de Greeff, Andreas Voss, Anita Huis and Marlies Hulscher
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:14
  10. The development of antimicrobial resistance, which is partially attributable to the overuse and/or misuse of antibiotics in health care, is one of the greatest global public health challenges. In Sub-Saharan A...

    Authors: Sewunet Admasu Belachew, Lisa Hall and Linda A. Selvey
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:13
  11. Preoperative antibiotic prophylaxis is essential for preventing surgical site infection (SSI). The aim of this study was to evaluate compliance with international and local recommendations in caesarean deliver...

    Authors: Katherine Romero Viamonte, Adrian Salvent Tames, Rosa Sepúlveda Correa, María Victoria Rojo Manteca and Ana Martín-Suárez
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:12
  12. In intensive care units (ICUs) treating patients with Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) invasive ventilation poses a high risk for aerosol and droplet formation. Surface contamination of severe acute respira...

    Authors: Daniel A. Hofmaenner, Pedro David Wendel Garcia, Branko Duvnjak, Bhavya Chakrakodi, Julian D. Maier, Michael Huber, Jon Huder, Aline Wolfensberger, Peter W. Schreiber, Reto A. Schuepbach, Annelies S. Zinkernagel, Philipp K. Buehler and Silvio D. Brugger
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:11
  13. Translating research into practice is a central priority within the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Roadmap. The underlying aim of the NIH Roadmap is to accelerate the movement of scientific findings into ...

    Authors: Rostam Jalali, Amin Hosseinian-Far and Masoud Mohammadi
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:10
  14. With the wide use of florfenicol to prevent and treat the bacterial infection of domestic animals, the emergence of the florfenicol resistance bacteria is increasingly serious. It is very important to elucidat...

    Authors: Chongyang Wu, Xueya Zhang, Jialei Liang, Qiaoling Li, Hailong Lin, Chaoqin Lin, Hongmao Liu, Danying Zhou, Wei Lu, Zhewei Sun, Xi Lin, Hailin Zhang, Kewei Li, Teng Xu, Qiyu Bao and Junwan Lu
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:9
  15. Healthcare associated infections (HAI) are estimated to affect up to 15% of hospital inpatients in low-income countries (LICs). A critical but often neglected aspect of HAI prevention is basic environmental hy...

    Authors: Giorgia Gon, Abdunoor M. Kabanywanyi, Petri Blinkhoff, Simon Cousens, Stephanie J. Dancer, Wendy J. Graham, Joseph Hokororo, Fatuma Manzi, Tanya Marchant, Dickson Mkoka, Emma Morrison, Sarah Mswata, Shefali Oza, Loveday Penn-Kekana, Yovitha Sedekia, Sandra Virgo…
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:8
  16. To compile current published reports on nosocomial outbreaks of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), evaluate the role of healthcare workers (HCWs) in transmission, and evaluate outbre...

    Authors: Mohamed Abbas, Tomás Robalo Nunes, Romain Martischang, Walter Zingg, Anne Iten, Didier Pittet and Stephan Harbarth
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:7
  17. After wearing powdered gloves, healthcare workers (HCW) are supposed to wash their hands instead of using alcohol-based hand-rub (ABHR). Washing hands takes longer than using ABHR, and the use of powdered glov...

    Authors: Mayra Gonçalves Menegueti, Fernando Bellissimo-Rodrigues, Marcia A. Ciol, Maria Auxiliadora-Martins, Anibal Basile-Filho, Silvia Rita Marin da Silva Canini, Elucir Gir and Ana Maria Laus
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:6
  18. Antibiotic resistance (AR) threats public health in China. National-level estimation of economic burden of AR is lacking. We aimed to quantify the economic costs of AR in inpatients in China.

    Authors: Xuemei Zhen, Cecilia Stålsby Lundborg, Xueshan Sun, Nina Zhu, Shuyan Gu and Hengjin Dong
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:5

    The Correction to this article has been published in Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:64

  19. To continuously evaluate the effect of environmental cleaning and hand hygiene compliance on the colonization and infection rates of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (MDR-AB) in the patients within an ...

    Authors: Yang Li, Hai Ge, Hui Zhou, Wanqing Zhou, Jie Zheng, Wei Chen and Xiaoli Cao
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:4

    The Correction to this article has been published in Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:46

  20. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR), recognised as a serious and growing threat to global health, is promoted by multiple drivers, including antibiotic use in the livestock sector. Thus, understanding factors influ...

    Authors: Angkana Lekagul, Viroj Tangcharoensathien, Marco Liverani, Anne Mills, Jonathan Rushton and Shunmay Yeung
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:3
  21. The rapid spread of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing E. coli (ESBL-EC) is an urgent global health threat. We examined child caretaker knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) towards proper antimicrobi...

    Authors: Rachel Marusinec, Kathleen M. Kurowski, Heather K. Amato, Carlos Saraiva-Garcia, Fernanda Loayza, Liseth Salinas, Gabriel Trueba and Jay P. Graham
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:2
  22. This report describes an outbreak of 71 patients developed B. cepacia urinary tract infection (UTI) by contaminated single-use anesthetic gel.

    Authors: Mingmei Du, Linjian Song, Yan Wang, Jijiang Suo, Yanling Bai, Yubin Xing, Lijun Xie, Bowei Liu, Lu Li, Yanping Luo and Yunxi Liu
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:1
  23. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends administration of surgical antimicrobial prophylaxis (SAP) in cesarean section prior to incision to prevent surgical site infections (SSI). This study aimed to de...

    Authors: Rami Sommerstein, Jonas Marschall, Andrew Atkinson, Daniel Surbek, Maria Gloria Dominguez-Bello, Nicolas Troillet and Andreas F. Widmer
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:201
  24. Assessment of the burden of disease due to antimicrobial-resistant Escherichia coli infections facilitates understanding the scale of the problem and potential impacts, and comparison to other diseases, which all...

    Authors: M. C. MacKinnon, J. M. Sargeant, D. L. Pearl, R. J. Reid-Smith, C. A. Carson, E. J. Parmley and S. A. McEwen
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:200
  25. Adherence observations of health care workers (HCW) revealed deficiencies in the use of recommended personal protective equipment (PPE) among HCW caring in COVID-19 and non-COVID-19 wards during the first peri...

    Authors: Meike M. Neuwirth, Frauke Mattner and Robin Otchwemah
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:199
  26. Infections caused by Enterobacteriaceae are mainly treated with the β-lactam antibiotics, nevertheless, the emergence of species with plasmid-borne β-lactamases has decreased the efficacy of these antibiotics. Th...

    Authors: Ebtisam S. Mohamed, Rasha M. M. Khairy and Soha S. Abdelrahim
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:198
  27. Long-term treatment with azithromycin is a therapeutic option in Cystic Fibrosis (CF) patients chronically infected with P. aeruginosa. It was recently shown that azithromycin has direct antimicrobial activity wh...

    Authors: Michael Sörensen, Bakhodur Khakimov, Dennis Nurjadi, Sébastien Boutin, Buqing Yi, Alexander H. Dalpke and Tatjana Eigenbrod
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:197
  28. The emerging COVID-19 pandemic poses many difficulties to medical professionals. One of them is the need to use personal protective equipment (PPE) in order to protect themselves and their families, while not ...

    Authors: Einat Seidel, Shahar Luski, Yaarit Ribak, Ahmed Nama, Takeshi Saraya, Toshiaki Nishiyama, Yonatan Oster and Ran Nir-Paz
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:196
  29. This study sought to assess the effectiveness and return on investment (ROI) of a multifaceted intervention aimed at improving antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory infections in primary care.

    Authors: Adolfo Figueiras, Paula López-Vázquez, Cristian Gonzalez-Gonzalez, Juan Manuel Vázquez-Lago, María Piñeiro-Lamas, Ana López-Durán, Coro Sánchez, María Teresa Herdeiro and Maruxa Zapata-Cachafeiro
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:195
  30. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) represents one of the biggest threats to health globally. This cross-sectional study determined knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) regarding antimicrobial use (AMU) and AMR...

    Authors: Calvin Sindato, Leonard E. G. Mboera, Bugwesa Z. Katale, Gasto Frumence, Sharadhuli Kimera, Taane G. Clark, Helena Legido-Quigley, Stephen E. Mshana, Mark M. Rweyemamu and Mecky Matee
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:194
  31. Owing to their resistance to an important class of antibiotics, the prevention and treatment of carbapenem-resistant (CR)/non-susceptible Gram-negative (GN) infections has become an important public health obj...

    Authors: Esther E. Avendano, Gowri Raman, Jeffrey Chan and Eilish McCann
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:193
  32. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) represents an unprecedented healthcare challenge. Various SARS-CoV-2 outbreaks in healthcare facilitie...

    Authors: Sandra Schneider, Brar Piening, Pauline Assina Nouri-Pasovsky, Anne Caroline Krüger, Petra Gastmeier and Seven Johannes Sam Aghdassi
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:192
  33. Super-spreaders are individuals infecting disproportionately large numbers of contacts. They probably play a crucial role in the transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). We...

    Authors: Dana Weissberg, Jürg Böni, Silvana K. Rampini, Verena Kufner, Maryam Zaheri, Peter W. Schreiber, Irene A. Abela, Michael Huber, Hugo Sax and Aline Wolfensberger
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:191
  34. Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) was officially declared a pandemic in March 2020. Many cases of COVID-19 are nosocomial, but to the best of our knowledge, no nosocomial outbreaks on psychiatric departments of s...

    Authors: J. J. E. Rovers, L. S. van de Linde, N. Kenters, E. M. Bisseling, D. F. Nieuwenhuijse, B. B. Oude Munnink, A. Voss and M. Nabuurs-Franssen
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:190
  35. Placement of central-venous catheters (CVCs) is an essential practice in the management of hospitalized patients, however, insertion at the commonly used sites has often the potential of inducing major complic...

    Authors: Vassiliki Pitiriga, Petros Kanellopoulos, Ioannis Bakalis, Elsa Kampos, Ioannis Sagris, George Saroglou and Athanasios Tsakris
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:189
  36. Surgical site infections (SSI) are rare but severe complications after total joint arthroplasty (TJA). Decolonization measures prior to elective orthopedic surgeries have shown to reduce the risk of SSI with Stap...

    Authors: Björn Wandhoff, Christin Schröder, Ulrich Nöth, Robert Krause, Burkhard Schmidt, Stephan David, Eike-Eric Scheller, Friedrich Jahn, Michael Behnke, Petra Gastmeier and Tobias Siegfried Kramer
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:188
  37. The costs attributable to antimicrobial resistance (AMR) remain theoretical and largely unspecified. Current figures fail to capture the full health and economic burden caused by AMR across human, animal, and ...

    Authors: Chantal M. Morel, Richard A. Alm, Christine Årdal, Alessandra Bandera, Giacomo M. Bruno, Elena Carrara, Giorgio L. Colombo, Marlieke E. A. de Kraker, Sabiha Essack, Isabel Frost, Bruno Gonzalez-Zorn, Herman Goossens, Luca Guardabassi, Stephan Harbarth, Peter S. Jørgensen, Souha S. Kanj…
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:187
  38. Central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI) are largely preventable when evidence-based guidelines are followed. However, it is not clear how well these guidelines are followed in intensive care un...

    Authors: Xiuwen Chi, Juan Guo, Xiaofeng Niu, Ru He, Lijuan Wu and Hong Xu
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:186
  39. Prehospital professionals such as emergency physicians or paramedics must be able to choose and adequately don and doff personal protective equipment (PPE) in order to avoid COVID-19 infection. Our aim was to ...

    Authors: Laurent Suppan, Loric Stuby, Birgit Gartner, Robert Larribau, Anne Iten, Mohamed Abbas, Stephan Harbarth and Mélanie Suppan
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:185
  40. Ethiopia has set a goal to eliminate malaria by 2030; Artemether–lumefantrine (AL) is put as one of the cornerstone strategies for uncomplicated plasmodium falciparum malaria treatment. However, only focusing on ...

    Authors: Mekonnen Gebremichael Gebrekidan, Gebretsadik Berhe Gebremedhin, Yosef Sibhatu Gebregiorgis, Alefech Addisu Gezehegn and Kissanet Tesfay Weldearegay
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:184
  41. Studies have repeatedly highlighted the need for homogenisation of training content and opportunities in infection prevention and control (IPC) across European countries.

    Authors: Constantinos Tsioutis, Gabriel Birgand, Erik Bathoorn, Aleksander Deptula, Lenny ten Horn, Enrique Castro-Sánchez, Oana Săndulescu, Andreas F. Widmer, Athanasios Tsakris, Giulio Pieve, Evelina Tacconelli and Nico T. Mutters
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:183
  42. Carbapenem resistant Acinetobacter species have caused great difficulties in clinical therapy in the worldwide. Here we describe an Acinetobacter johnsonii M19 with a novel blaOXA-23 containing transposon Tn6681 ...

    Authors: Gongli Zong, Chuanqing Zhong, Jiafang Fu, Yu Zhang, Peipei Zhang, Wenchi Zhang, Yan Xu, Guangxiang Cao and Rongzhen Zhang
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:182
  43. The use of antimicrobials in animals for growth promotion and infection prevention significantly contributes to the development of antimicrobial resistance (AMR), a growing public health threat. While the Worl...

    Authors: Sunil Pokharel, Priyanka Shrestha and Bipin Adhikari
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:181
  44. Transplant recipients are at high risk for infections. However, donor-recipient transmission of multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs) remains mostly unaddressed in the protocols of pre-transplant infection and...

    Authors: Carlos L. Correa-Martínez, Felix Becker, Vera Schwierzeck, Alexander Mellmann, Jens G. Brockmann and Stefanie Kampmeier
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:180
  45. COVID-19 is continuing to ravage the globe. In many Western Countries, the populous has not embraced public health advice which has resulted in a resurgence of the COVID-19 virus. In the United States, there i...

    Authors: Kevin T. Kavanagh, Judith Pare and Christine Pontus
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:179
  46. Staphylococcus epidermidis is the most common pathogen in postoperative endophthalmitis and causes various infectious eye diseases. However, there is very little information on fluoroquinolone antibiotic resistan...

    Authors: Jung Youb Kang, Woonhyoung Lee, Gwang Myeong Noh, Bo Hyun Jeong, Indal Park and Sang Joon Lee
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:177
  47. Local data from the Asella Teaching and Referral Hospital in the town of Asella, Ethiopia reveal a high prevalence of extended-spectrum β-lactamase- (ESBL) producing Gram-negative bacteria (GNB) in clinical is...

    Authors: Tafese Beyene Tufa, Andre Fuchs, Tobias Wienemann, Yannik Eggers, Sileshi Abdissa, Marlen Schneider, Björn-Erik Ole Jensen, Johannes G. Bode, Klaus Pfeffer, Dieter Häussinger, Colin R. Mackenzie, Hans Martin Orth and Torsten Feldt
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:175
  48. Group B Streptococcus (GBS) remains a significant cause of neonatal infection, but the maternal risk factors for GBS colonization remain poorly defined. We hypothesized that there may be an association between an...

    Authors: Gerald A. Capraro, Sajel Lala, Khaldia Khaled, Elizabeth Gosciniak, Brianna Saadat, Sarah M. Alvarez, Seema Kumar, Tara Calhoun, Edward Landry, Gloria Caldito, Joseph A. Bocchini Jr. and John A. Vanchiere
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:174