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  1. Hospital characteristics have been recognized as potential risk factors for surgical site infection for over 20 years. However, most research has focused on patient and procedural risk factors. Understanding h...

    Authors: Rui Malheiro, Bárbara Peleteiro and Sofia Correia
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:139
  2. The Global Point Prevalence Survey of Antimicrobial Consumption and Resistance (Global-PPS) provides a methodology to support hospitals worldwide in collecting antimicrobial use data. We aim to evaluate the im...

    Authors: Ines Pauwels, Ann Versporten, Helene Vermeulen, Erika Vlieghe and Herman Goossens
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:138
  3. We describe the lessons learned during a SARS-CoV-2 variant-of-concern Alpha outbreak investigation at a normal care unit in a university hospital in Amsterdam in December 2020. The outbreak consisted of nine ...

    Authors: Jelle Koopsen, Mireille Dekker, Philip Thung, Marcel Jonges, Harry Vennema, Tjalling Leenstra, Dirk Eggink, Matthijs R. A. Welkers, Peter A. A. Struijs, Chantal Reusken, Rosa van Mansfeld, Menno D. de Jong, Janke Schinkel and Ingrid J. B. Spijkerman
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:137
  4. The risk of surgical site infections (SSIs), particularly methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) SSIs, after spinal surgeries is one of the most daunting experiences to patients and surgeons. Some aut...

    Authors: Rawan T. Tafish, Ahmed F. Alkhaldi, Anouar Bourghli and Turki A. Althunian
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:136
  5. To investigate the clinical features and outcomes of patients with mechanical ventilation-associated pneumonia (VAP) caused by Acinetobacter baumannii (Ab), and to characterize the drug resistance of pathogenic s...

    Authors: Tao Zhang, Xiao Xu, Cai-Fang Xu, Salisu Rabiu Bilya and Wei Xu
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:135
  6. Identifying healthcare workers (HCW) who have less awareness and knowledge on antibiotic use and resistance represents a challenge for public health, since it might help the development of novel educational an...

    Authors: Martina Barchitta, Michela Sabbatucci, Francesca Furiozzi, Stefania Iannazzo, Andrea Maugeri, Francesco Maraglino, Rosa Prato, Antonella Agodi and Annalisa Pantosti
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:134
  7. High-touch surfaces are a critical reservoir in the spread of nosocomial infections. Although disinfection and infection control protocols are well developed, they lack the ability to passively reduce the path...

    Authors: Sadru-Dean Walji, Mark R. Bruder and Marc G. Aucoin
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:133
  8. Monitoring pathogens of bloodstream infections (BSI) and their antibiotic susceptibility is important to guide empiric antibiotic treatment strategies and prevention programs.

    Authors: Franziska Schöneweck, Roland P. H. Schmitz, Florian Rißner, André Scherag, Bettina Löffler, Mathias W. Pletz, Sebastian Weis, Frank M. Brunkhorst and Stefan Hagel
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:132
  9. Escherichia coli is an important pathogen in humans and is the most common cause of bacterial bloodstream infections (BSIs). The objectives of our study were to determine factors associated with E. coli BSI incid...

    Authors: Melissa C. MacKinnon, Scott A. McEwen, David L. Pearl, Outi Lyytikäinen, Gunnar Jacobsson, Peter Collignon, Daniel B. Gregson, Louis Valiquette and Kevin B. Laupland
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:131
  10. Non-prescription antibiotic use at community is a main driver of antimicrobial resistance. Cough is a common condition and prevalent in all townships, including China. This study aims to investigate the non-pr...

    Authors: Yan Luo, Xuewen Tang, Linling Ding, Zhujun Shao, Jianxing Yu, Yangqing Chen, Yang Zhou, Hanqing He and Zhiping Chen
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:129
  11. To assess if admission screening for Carbapenem Resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) and cohort care can reduce CRE acquisition (CRE colonization during hospital stay), Hospital Acquired Infections (HAI), hospital-...

    Authors: K. Garpvall, V. Duong, S. Linnros, T. N. Quốc, D. Mucchiano, S. Modeen, L. Lagercrantz, A. Edman, N. K. Le, T. Huong, N. T. B. Hoang, H. T. Le, D. TK. Khu, D. M. Tran, P. H. Phuc, H. Hanberger…
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:128
  12. Despite compliance to extensive reprocessing protocols, duodenoscopes have been linked to outbreaks of susceptible and multi-drug resistant organisms (MDRO) due to persistent duodenoscope contamination. Duoden...

    Authors: Judith A. Kwakman, Arjan W. Rauwers, Corné H. W. Klaassen, Marco J. Bruno and Margreet C. Vos
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:127
  13. Recently, the definition of extensively drug-resistant TB (XDR-TB) has been revised. In this study, we conducted a descriptive and retrospective study to determine the prevalence of XDR-TB in a Chinese multidr...

    Authors: Cong Yao, Haiping Guo, Qiang Li, Xuxia Zhang, Yuanyuan Shang, Tongxin Li, Yufeng Wang, Zhongtan Xue, Lu Wang, Liang Li and Yu Pang
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:126
  14. One June 15, 2021, infectious disease authorities from around the world participated in a joint webinar to share experiences and lessons learned in combatting the COVID-19 pandemic. One of the overriding goals...

    Authors: Kevin T. Kavanagh, Christine Pontus, Judith Pare and Lindsay E. Cormier
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:125
  15. Antibiotic resistance is a public health concern in Democratic Republic Congo and worldwide. It is usually caused by antibiotic over prescription or dispensing practices. The consumption of animal source food ...

    Authors: Ghislain Bilamirwa Ngaruka, Brigitte Bora Neema, Theophile Kashosi Mitima, Antoine Sadiki Kishabongo and Olivier Basole Kashongwe
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:124
  16. Carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB) infection outbreaks are difficult to control and sometimes require cohorting of CRAB-positive patients or temporary ward closure for environmental cleaning. We ...

    Authors: Marianna Meschiari, José-María Lòpez-Lozano, Vincenzo Di Pilato, Carola Gimenez-Esparza, Elena Vecchi, Erica Bacca, Gabriella Orlando, Erica Franceschini, Mario Sarti, Monica Pecorari, Antonella Grottola, Claudia Venturelli, Stefano Busani, Lucia Serio, Massimo Girardis, Gian Maria Rossolini…
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:123
  17. Staphylococcus aureus can colonize various host species, and human-animal interaction is a significant factor for cross-species transmission. However, data on S. aureus colonization in animals, particularly on ru...

    Authors: Adebayo Osagie Shittu, Fadekemi Funmilayo Taiwo, Neele Judith Froböse, Bianca Schwartbeck, Silke Niemann, Alexander Mellmann and Frieder Schaumburg
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:122
  18. Overcrowding, abuse of antibiotics and increasing antimicrobial resistance negatively affect neonatal survival rates in developing countries. We aimed to define pathogens and their antimicrobial resistance (AM...

    Authors: Jing Liu, Zengyu Fang, Yonghui Yu, Yanjie Ding, Zhijie Liu, Chengyuan Zhang, Haiying He, Hongli Geng, Weibing Chen, Guoying Zhao, Qiang Liu, Baoying Wang, Xueming Sun, Shaofeng Wang, Rongrong Sun, Delong Fu…
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:121
  19. The hospital environment has got more attention as evidence as source for bacterial transmission and subsequent hospital-acquired infection increased. Regular cleaning and disinfection have been proposed to lo...

    Authors: Andreas F. Widmer, Sonja Kuster, Marc Dangel, Sammy Jäger and Reno Frei
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:120
  20. Surveillance of nosocomial infections, like catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI), central line-associated bloodstream infection, possible ventilator-associated pneumonia and secondary bloodstrea...

    Authors: Clara Chong Hui Ong, Sharifah Farhanah, Kyaw Zaw Linn, Ying Wei Tang, Chu Ying Poon, Allie Yin Lim, Hui Ru Tan, Nur Hafizah Binte Hamed, Xiaowei Huan, Ser Hon Puah, Benjamin C. H. Ho, Margaret M. L. Soon, Brenda S. P. Ang, Shawn Vasoo, Monica Chan, Yee Sin Leo…
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:119
  21. The prevalence of infections caused by extended-spectrum beta-lactamase producing Escherichia coli (ESBL-E. coli) is increasing worldwide, but the setting in which this increase is occurring is not well defined. ...

    Authors: Eva Raphael, M. Maria Glymour and Henry F. Chambers
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:118
  22. Healthcare facility-onset Clostridioides difficile infection is the leading cause of antibiotic-associated diarrhea, and is associated with morbidity and mortality. The use of antibiotics is an important risk fac...

    Authors: Ji Hyun Yun, Ga Eun Park and Hyun Kyun Ki
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:117
  23. The objective of this study was to determine the correlation between adenosine triphosphate (ATP) measurements and microbial contamination using a standardized method. Secondarily, analyzing reproducibility of...

    Authors: Andreas van Arkel, Ina Willemsen and Jan Kluytmans
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:116
  24. There has been an increasing resistance rate to tetracyclines, the first line treatment for cholera disease caused by V. cholera strains, worldwide. The aim of the present study was to determine the global status...

    Authors: Mohammad Hossein Ahmadi
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:115
  25. In healthcare facilities, nosocomial transmissions of respiratory viruses are a major issue. SARS-CoV-2 is not exempt from nosocomial transmission. Our goals were to describe COVID-19 nosocomial cases during t...

    Authors: A. Landoas, F. Cazzorla, M. Gallouche, S. Larrat, B. Nemoz, C. Giner, M. Le Maréchal, P. Pavese, O. Epaulard, P. Morand, M.-R. Mallaret and C. Landelle
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:114
  26. The coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has again demonstrated the critical role of effective infection prevention and control (IPC) implementation to combat infectious disease threats. Standards such...

    Authors: Sara Tomczyk, Julie Storr, Claire Kilpatrick and Benedetta Allegranzi
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:113
  27. A total lockdown for pandemic SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) entailed a restriction of elective orthopedic surgeries in Switzerland.  While access to the hospital and human contacts were limited, hygiene measures were ...

    Authors: Ines Unterfrauner, Laura A. Hruby, Peter Jans, Ludwig Steinwender, Mazda Farshad and Ilker Uçkay
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:112
  28. Colistin is widely used in the treatment of nosocomial infections caused by carbapenem-resistant gram-negative bacilli (CR-GNB). Colistin-induced nephrotoxicity is one of the major adverse reactions during col...

    Authors: Jia-Yih Feng, Yi-Tzu Lee, Sheng-Wei Pan, Kuang-Yao Yang, Yuh-Min Chen, David Hung-Tsang Yen, Szu-Yuan Li and Fu-Der Wang
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:111
  29. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a common cause of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). Rapid and accurate detection of lower respiratory tract colonization and/or infection with P. aeruginosa may advise targeted prev...

    Authors: Thomas Ewout van der Schalk, Jasmine Coppens, Leen Timbermont, Agata Turlej-Rogacka, Liesbet Van Heirstraeten, Matilda Berkell, Li Yu, Christine Lammens, Basil Britto Xavier, Veerle Matheeussen, Margareta Ieven, Michael McCarthy, Philippe G. Jorens, Alexey Ruzin, Mark T. Esser, Samir Kumar-Singh…
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:110
  30. Laparoscopy is a minimally-invasive surgical procedure that uses long slender instruments that require much smaller incisions than conventional surgery. This leads to faster recovery times, fewer post-surgical...

    Authors: Daniel Robertson, Jesudian Gnanaraj, Linda Wauben, Jan Huijs, Vasanth Mark Samuel, Jenny Dankelman and Tim Horeman-Franse
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:109
  31. Sequence type (ST) 17 vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VREF) is frequently isolated in nosocomial settings. The aim of this study was to identify whether ST17 contributes to subsequent bacteremia more o...

    Authors: Si-Ho Kim, Sun Young Cho, Hye Mee Kim, Kyungmin Huh, Cheol-In Kang, Kyong Ran Peck and Doo Ryeon Chung
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:108
  32. Norovirus outbreaks cause severe medico-socio-economic problems affecting healthcare workers and patients. The aim of the study was to investigate prevalence of norovirus infection and risk factors for infecti...

    Authors: Kjell Torén, Linus Schiöler, Nancy P. Nenonen, Charles Hannoun, Anette Roth, Lars-Magnus Andersson, Johan Westin and Tomas Bergström
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:107
  33. Globally, tuberculosis (TB) is a leading cause of death from a single infectious agent. Healthcare workers (HCWs) are at increased risk of hospital-acquired TB infection due to persistent exposure to Mycobacteriu...

    Authors: Ana Paleckyte, Oshani Dissanayake, Stella Mpagama, Marc C. Lipman and Timothy D. McHugh
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:106
  34. Antimicrobial resistance is an emerging problem worldwide and poses a significant threat to human health. Antimicrobial stewardship programmes are being implemented in health systems globally, primarily in hos...

    Authors: Jun Wern Yau, Sze Mun Thor, Danny Tsai, Tobias Speare and Chris Rissel
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:105
  35. Multiple room occupancy is common in Nursing Homes (NHs), and its role in transmission of antibiotic-resistant pathogens is unclear. We investigated prevalence of patient colonization and environmental contami...

    Authors: Marco Cassone, Meghan Linder, Cheon Jee Shin, Julia Mantey, Kristen Gibson, Bonnie Lansing and Lona Mody
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:104
  36. Evaluation of the extent and appropriateness of antimicrobial use is a cornerstone of antibiotic stewardship programs, but it is time-consuming. Documentation of the indication at the moment of prescription mi...

    Authors: Annemieke K. van den Broek, Berend H. H. Beishuizen, Eric A. F. Haak, Michiel Duyvendak, Jaap ten Oever, Chris Sytsma, Mieke van Triest, Cornelia C. H. Wielders and Jan M. Prins
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:103
  37. In late 2019, a novel coronavirus was detected in China. Supported by its respiratory transmissibility, even by people infected without symptomatic disease, this coronavirus soon began to rapidly spread worldw...

    Authors: Julian Zirbes, Christian M. Sterr, Marcus Steller, Laura Dapper, Claudia Nonnenmacher-Winter and Frank Günther
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:102
  38. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a major cause of respiratory tract infections in young children. The predominant transmission routes for RSV are still a matter of debate. Specifically, it remains unclear ...

    Authors: Jasmin S. Kutter, Dennis de Meulder, Theo M. Bestebroer, Jeroen J. A. van Kampen, Richard Molenkamp, Ron A. M. Fouchier, Jérôme O. Wishaupt, Pieter L. A. Fraaij and Sander Herfst
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:100
  39. The unrestricted use of linezolid has been linked to the emergence of linezolid-resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis (LRSE). We report the effects of combined antibiotic stewardship and infection control measures...

    Authors: Cihan Papan, Matthias Schröder, Mathias Hoffmann, Heike Knoll, Katharina Last, Frederic Albrecht, Jürgen Geisel, Tobias Fink, Barbara C. Gärtner, Alexander Mellmann, Thomas Volk, Fabian K. Berger and Sören L. Becker
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:99
  40. Infection is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among burn patients, and bloodstream infection (BSI) is the most serious. This study aimed to evaluate the epidemiology and clinical outcomes of BSI in...

    Authors: Yangmin Hu, Danyang Li, Lingcheng Xu, Yuping Hu, Yiwen Sang, Gensheng Zhang and Haibin Dai
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:98
  41. With inappropriate use of antimicrobials becoming a great public health concern globally, the issue of applying clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) to regulate the rational use of antimicrobials has attracted ...

    Authors: Qingwen Deng, Zhichao Zeng, Yuhang Zheng, Junhong Lu and Wenbin Liu
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:97
  42. Colistin is regarded as a last-resort antimicrobial against multi-drug resistant Gram-negative bacteria (GNB), therefore the dissemination of colistin resistance in the environment is of great concern. Horizon...

    Authors: Yolandi Snyman, Andrew C. Whitelaw, Jo M. Barnes, Motlatji R. B. Maloba and Mae Newton-Foot
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:96
  43. Rapid molecular diagnostic tests to investigate the microbial aetiology of pneumonias may improve treatment and antimicrobial stewardship in intensive care units (ICUs). Clinicians’ endorsement and uptake of t...

    Authors: Alyssa M. Pandolfo, Robert Horne, Yogini Jani, Tom W. Reader, Natalie Bidad, David Brealey, Virve I. Enne, David M. Livermore, Vanya Gant and Stephen J. Brett
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:95
  44. Antibiotic resistance is a threat to global child health. Primary healthcare workers play a key role in antibiotic stewardship in the community, but few studies in low-income countries have described their exp...

    Authors: Matilda Emgård, Rose Mwangi, Celina Mayo, Ester Mshana, Gertrud Nkini, Rune Andersson, Sia E. Msuya, Margret Lepp, Florida Muro and Susann Skovbjerg
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:94
  45. Accessibility to alcohol-based handrub (ABHR) dispenser is crucial to improve compliance to hand hygiene (HH), being offered as wall-mounted dispensers (ABHR-Ds), and/or pocket bottles. Nevertheless, informati...

    Authors: Sabine Kuster, Jan A. Roth, Reno Frei, Christoph A. Meier, Marc Dangel and Andreas F. Widmer
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:93
  46. The emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistance and infectious agents have challenged hospitals in recent decades. Our aim was to investigate the circulation of target infectious agents using Geographic I...

    Authors: Priscila Pinho da Silva, Fabiola A. da Silva, Caio Augusto Santos Rodrigues, Leonardo Passos Souza, Elisangela Martins de Lima, Maria Helena B. Pereira, Claudio Neder Candella, Marcio Zenaide de Oliveira Alves, Newton D. Lourenço, Wagner S. Tassinari, Christovam Barcellos and Marisa Zenaide Ribeiro Gomes
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:92
  47. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is one of the greatest global health challenges today, but burden assessment is hindered by uncertainty of AMR prevalence estimates. Geographical representation of AMR estimates ...

    Authors: Erta Kalanxhi, Gilbert Osena, Geetanjali Kapoor and Eili Klein
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:91
  48. Understaffing has been previously reported as a risk factor for central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI). No previous study addressed the question whether fluctuations in staffing have an impact...

    Authors: Thomas Scheier, Stefan P. Kuster, Mesida Dunic, Christian Falk, Hugo Sax and Peter W. Schreiber
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:90