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  1. The emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistance and infectious agents have challenged hospitals in recent decades. Our aim was to investigate the circulation of target infectious agents using Geographic I...

    Authors: Priscila Pinho da Silva, Fabiola A. da Silva, Caio Augusto Santos Rodrigues, Leonardo Passos Souza, Elisangela Martins de Lima, Maria Helena B. Pereira, Claudio Neder Candella, Marcio Zenaide de Oliveira Alves, Newton D. Lourenço, Wagner S. Tassinari, Christovam Barcellos and Marisa Zenaide Ribeiro Gomes
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:92
  2. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is one of the greatest global health challenges today, but burden assessment is hindered by uncertainty of AMR prevalence estimates. Geographical representation of AMR estimates ...

    Authors: Erta Kalanxhi, Gilbert Osena, Geetanjali Kapoor and Eili Klein
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:91
  3. Understaffing has been previously reported as a risk factor for central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI). No previous study addressed the question whether fluctuations in staffing have an impact...

    Authors: Thomas Scheier, Stefan P. Kuster, Mesida Dunic, Christian Falk, Hugo Sax and Peter W. Schreiber
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:90
  4. Self-medication is one of the most common forms of inappropriate use of antibiotics. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of self-medication with antibiotics (SMA) in China and evaluate the related factors.

    Authors: Xiaoxv Yin, Ketao Mu, Heping Yang, Jing Wang, Zhenyuan Chen, Nan Jiang, Fengjie Yang, Guopeng Zhang and Jianxiong Wu
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:89
  5. Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales (CRE) is a global threat. Enterobacterales develops carbapenem resistance through several mechanisms, including the production of carbapenemases. We aim to describe the preva...

    Authors: Wantana Paveenkittiporn, Meghan Lyman, Caitlin Biedron, Nora Chea, Charatdao Bunthi, Amy Kolwaite and Noppavan Janejai
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:88
  6. During the intensive care units’ (ICUs) reorganization that was forced by the COVID-19 emergency, attention to traditional infection control measures may have been reduced. Nevertheless, evidence on the effect...

    Authors: V. Baccolini, G. Migliara, C. Isonne, B. Dorelli, L. C. Barone, D. Giannini, D. Marotta, M. Marte, E. Mazzalai, F. Alessandri, F. Pugliese, G. Ceccarelli, C. De Vito, C. Marzuillo, M. De Giusti and P. Villari
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:87
  7. Knowledge of infection prevention and control (IPC) procedures among healthcare workers (HCWs) is crucial for effective IPC. Compliance with IPC measures has critical implications for HCWs safety, patient prot...

    Authors: Saad Alhumaid, Abbas Al Mutair, Zainab Al Alawi, Murtadha Alsuliman, Gasmelseed Y. Ahmed, Ali A. Rabaan, Jaffar A. Al-Tawfiq and Awad Al-Omari
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:86
  8. The Australian National Antimicrobial Resistance Strategy calls for a collaborative effort to change practices that have contributed to the development of drug-resistance and for implementation of new initiati...

    Authors: Gregory Merlo, Minyon Avent, Trent Yarwood, Bonnie Smith, Mieke van Driel and Lisa Hall
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:85
  9. Environmental surface decontamination is a crucial tool to prevent the spread of infections in hospitals. However, manual cleaning and disinfection may be insufficient to eliminate pathogens from contaminated ...

    Authors: Füszl Astrid, Zatorska Beata, Van den Nest Miriam, Ebner Julia, Presterl Elisabeth and Diab-Elschahawi Magda
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:84
  10. With the current SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, many healthcare facilities are lacking a steady supply of masks worldwide. This emergency situation warrants the taking of extraordinary measures to minimize the negative ...

    Authors: Alexandra Peters, Rafael Palomo, Hervé Ney, Nasim Lotfinejad, Walter Zingg, Pierre Parneix and Didier Pittet
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:83
  11. Aerosolization may occur during reprocessing of medical devices. With the current coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, it is important to understand the necessity of using respirators in the cleaning area of the...

    Authors: Camila Quartim de Moraes Bruna, Caroline Lopes Ciofi-Silva, Anderson Vicente de Paula, Lucy Santos Villas Boas, Noely Evangelista Ferreira, Tania R. Tozetto-Mendoza, Maria Cássia Mendes Correa and Kazuko Uchikawa Graziano
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:82
  12. Computerisation of various processes in hospitals and reliance on electronic devices raises the concern of contamination of these devices from the patient environment. We undertook this study to determine if a...

    Authors: Surinder Kaur M. S. Pada, Poh Lishi, Kim Sim Ng, Sarathamani Rethenam, Lilibeth Silagan Alenton, Poh Ling Chee, Wilma Guo, Yin Maw Hsann, Carmen Wan Rong Cheng, Chiou Horng Ong, Ratnayake Lasantha, Douglas Chan and Paul Anantharajah Tambyah
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:81
  13. The primary goal of hand hygiene is to reduce infectious disease rates. We examined if a nursing home’s participation in a hand hygiene intervention resulted in residents having fewer healthcare associated inf...

    Authors: G. R. Teesing, J. H. Richardus, D. Nieboer, M. Petrignani, V. Erasmus, A. Verduijn-Leenman, J. M. G. A. Schols, M. P. G. Koopmans, M. C. Vos and H. A. C. M. Voeten
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:80
  14. The epidemiology of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) has undergone dramatic changes, with CTX-M-type enzymes prevailing over other types. blaCTX-M genes, encoding CTX-M-type ESBLs, are usually found on plas...

    Authors: Misheck Shawa, Yoshikazu Furuta, Gillan Mulenga, Maron Mubanga, Evans Mulenga, Tuvshinzaya Zorigt, Christone Kaile, Manyando Simbotwe, Atmika Paudel, Bernard Hang’ombe and Hideaki Higashi
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:79
  15. To analyse data from 2016–17 from a hospital-based antimicrobial resistance surveillance with national coverage in a network of hospitals Viet Nam.

    Authors: Tien Viet Dung Vu, Marc Choisy, Thi Thuy Nga Do, Van Minh Hoang Nguyen, James I. Campbell, Thi Hoi Le, Vu Trung Nguyen, Heiman F. L. Wertheim, Ngoc Thach Pham, Van Kinh Nguyen and H. Rogier van Doorn
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:78
  16. Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in hospitalized patients. Water in the environment can be a source of infection linked to outbreaks and environmental ...

    Authors: Wing-Kee Yiek, Olga Coenen, Mayke Nillesen, Jakko van Ingen, Edmée Bowles and Alma Tostmann
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:77
  17. Drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB), including rifampicin-resistant tuberculosis (RR-TB) and multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB, or RR-TB with additional isoniazid resistance), presents challenges to TB ...

    Authors: Gloria Bahizi, Robert Kaos Majwala, Stevens Kisaka, Abdunoor Nyombi, Kenneth Musisi, Benon Kwesiga, Lilian Bulage, Alex Riolexus Ario and Stavia Turyahabwe
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:76
  18. Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is one of the most common pathogens causing nosocomial and community-acquired infections with high morbidity and mortality rates. Fusidic acid has been increasingly used for the ...

    Authors: Bahareh Hajikhani, Mehdi Goudarzi, Sareh Kakavandi, Sana Amini, Samira Zamani, Alex van Belkum, Hossein Goudarzi and Masoud Dadashi
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:75
  19. To evaluate the ability of Weighted-Incidence Syndromic Combination Antibiograms (WISCA) to inform the selection of empirical antibiotic regimens for suspected paediatric community-acquired urinary tract infec...

    Authors: Elisa Barbieri, Daniele Bottigliengo, Matteo Tellini, Chiara Minotti, Mara Marchiori, Paola Cavicchioli, Dario Gregori, Carlo Giaquinto, Liviana Da Dalt and Daniele Donà
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:74
  20. As part of the Global Action Plan against antimicrobial resistance (AMR), countries are required to generate local evidence to inform context-specific implementation of national action plans against AMR (NAPAR...

    Authors: Dimie Ogoina, Garba Iliyasu, Vivian Kwaghe, Akan Otu, Iorhen Ephram Akase, Olukemi Adekanmbi, Dalhat Mahmood, Micheal Iroezindu, Shamsudin Aliyu, Abisoye Sunday Oyeyemi, Stella Rotifa, Mukhtar Abdulmajid Adeiza, Uche Sonny Unigwe, Juliet Ijeoma Mmerem, Farouq Muhammad Dayyab, Zaiyad Garba Habib…
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:73
  21. The timing of and risk factors for intestinal colonization with multidrug-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (MDRE) are still poorly understood in areas with high MDRE carriage. We determined the prevalence, timing, an...

    Authors: Hannah R. Meredith, Sarath Kularatna, Kristin Nagaro, Ajith Nagahawatte, Champica Bodinayake, Ruvini Kurukulasooriya, Nishadhi Wijesingha, Lyndy B. Harden, Bhagya Piyasiri, Amr Hammouda, Brian M. Wiegmann, Bradly P. Nicholson, Maria Joyce, Christopher W. Woods, Arnoud H. M. Van Vliet, Siddhartha Thakur…
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:72
  22. The assessment of Hospital-acquired infections due to multidrug-resistant bacteria involves the use of a variety of commercial and laboratory-developed tests to detect antimicrobial resistance genes in bacteri...

    Authors: Cristian Pérez-Corrales, Valeria Peralta-Barquero and Christopher Mairena-Acuña
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:71
  23. Knowledge on the epidemiology, genotypic and phenotypic features of antimicrobial-resistant (AMR) ESKAPEE pathogens (Enterococcus faecium, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Acinetobacter baumannii, Ps...

    Authors: Soo Tein Ngoi, Chun Wie Chong, Sasheela Sri La Sri Ponnampalavanar, Soo Nee Tang, Nuryana Idris, Kartini Abdul Jabar, Michael J. Gregory, Tupur Husain and Cindy Shuan Ju Teh
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:70
  24. During the last decade carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB) became hyper-endemic in hospitals due to difficult to control spreading. Our aim is to identify risk factors for nosocomial rectal CRAB c...

    Authors: Marianna Meschiari, Shaniko Kaleci, Gabriella Orlando, Silvia Selmi, Antonella Santoro, Erica Bacca, Marianna Menozzi, Erica Franceschini, Cinzia Puzzolante, Andrea Bedini, Mario Sarti, Claudia Venturelli, Elena Vecchi and Cristina Mussini
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:69
  25. Antibacterial-resistant gram-negative infections are a serious risk to global public health. Resistant Enterobacterales and Pseudomonas aeruginosa are highly prevalent, particularly in healthcare settings, and th...

    Authors: Laura Puzniak, Ryan Dillon, Thomas Palmer, Hannah Collings and Ashley Enstone
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:68
  26. Prevention of surgical site infections (SSIs), which due to their long-term consequences are especially critical in orthopedic surgery, entails compliance with over 20 individual measures. However, little is k...

    Authors: Ivonne Tomsic, Ella Ebadi, Frank Gossé, Ina Hartlep, Pamela Schipper, Christian Krauth, Bettina Schock, Iris F. Chaberny and Thomas von Lengerke
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:67
  27. Increasing antimicrobial resistance is a serious societal challenge affecting outpatient, inpatient and veterinary care. The German One-Health project, RAI (Rational use of Antibiotics via Information and Communi...

    Authors: Inga Petruschke, Florian Salm, Michelle Kaufmann, Antje Freytag, Jochen Gensichen, Michael Behnke, Tobias Siegfried Kramer, Regina Hanke, Petra Gastmeier and Sandra Schneider
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:66
  28. Surgical site infections (SSIs) are a significant source of morbidity and mortality in the Asia–Pacific region (APAC), adversely impacting patient quality of life, fiscal productivity and placing a major econo...

    Authors: K. Morikane, P. L. Russo, K. Y. Lee, M. Chakravarthy, M. L. Ling, E. Saguil, M. Spencer, W. Danker, A. Seno and E. Edmiston Charles Jr
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:65
  29. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Xuemei Zhen, Cecilia Stålsby Lundborg, Xueshan Sun, Nina Zhu, Shuyan Gu and Hengjin Dong
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:64

    The original article was published in Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:5

  30. Data on comprehensive population-based surveillance of antimicrobial resistance is lacking. In low- and middle-income countries, the challenges are high due to weak laboratory capacity, poor health systems gov...

    Authors: Katia Iskandar, Laurent Molinier, Souheil Hallit, Massimo Sartelli, Timothy Craig Hardcastle, Mainul Haque, Halyna Lugova, Sameer Dhingra, Paras Sharma, Salequl Islam, Irfan Mohammed, Isa Naina Mohamed, Pierre Abi Hanna, Said El Hajj, Nurul Adilla Hayat Jamaluddin, Pascale Salameh…
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:63
  31. The association between allogeneic blood transfusion and healthcare-associated infection (HAI) is considered dose-dependent. However, this association may be confounded by transfusion duration, as prolonged ho...

    Authors: Yu Lv, Qian Xiang, Jia Lin, Ying Z. Jin, Ying Fang, Hong M. Cai, Qiong D. Wei, Hui Wang, Chen Wang, Jing Chen, Jian Ye, Caixia Xie, Ting L. Li and Yu J. Wu
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:62
  32. The appropriate use of facemasks, recommended or mandated by authorities, is critical to prevent the spread of COVID-19 in the community. We aim to evaluate frequency and quality of facemask use in general pop...

    Authors: Colin Deschanvres, Thomas Haudebourg, Nathan Peiffer-Smadja, Karine Blanckaert, David Boutoille, Jean-Christophe Lucet and Gabriel Birgand
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:61
  33. Antimicrobial resistance has been named as one of the top ten threats to public health in the world. Hospital-based antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASPs) can help reduce antimicrobial resistance. The purpo...

    Authors: Robert Rolfe Jr, Charles Kwobah, Florida Muro, Anushka Ruwanpathirana, Furaha Lyamuya, Champica Bodinayake, Ajith Nagahawatte, Bhagya Piyasiri, Tianchen Sheng, John Bollinger, Chi Zhang, Truls Ostbye, Shamim Ali, Richard Drew, Peter Kussin, Deverick J. Anderson…
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:60
  34. Water, sanitation and hygiene, collectively known as WASH, is an enabler of infection prevention and control (IPC), both of which contribute to safe, quality health care and the prevention of spread of antimic...

    Authors: Julie Storr, Claire Kilpatrick and Karen Lee
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:59
  35. Inappropriate use of antimicrobial agents in animal production has led to the development of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in foodborne pathogens. Transmission of AMR foodborne pathogens from reservoirs, part...

    Authors: Mabel Kamweli Aworh, Jacob K. P. Kwaga, Rene S. Hendriksen, Emmanuel C. Okolocha and Siddhartha Thakur
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:58
  36. Klebsiella pneumoniae is an opportunistic pathogen that has been implicated as one of commonest cause of hospital and community acquired infections. The K. pneumoniae infections have considerably contributed to m...

    Authors: Kenneth Ssekatawa, Denis K. Byarugaba, Jesca L. Nakavuma, Charles D. Kato, Francis Ejobi, Robert Tweyongyere and Wampande M. Eddie
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:57
  37. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) represents a profound global health threat. Reducing AMR spread requires the identification of transmission pathways. The extent to which hospital wards represent a venue for sub...

    Authors: Anushia Ashokan, Josh Hanson, Ne Myo Aung, Mar Mar Kyi, Steven L. Taylor, Jocelyn M. Choo, Erin Flynn, Fredrick Mobegi, Morgyn S. Warner, Steve L. Wesselingh, Mark A. Boyd and Geraint B. Rogers
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:56
  38. Candida tropicalis (C. tropicalis) is an important opportunistic pathogenic Candida species that can cause nosocomial infection. In this study, we analyzed the distribution and drug susceptibility of C. tropicali...

    Authors: Dan Wang, Na An, Yuwei Yang, Xianggui Yang, Yingzi Fan and Jiafu Feng
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:54
  39. This study was aimed to characterize the genetic diversity and expression of three putative resistance-nodulation-cell division (RND)-type efflux systems and their contribution to multidrug efflux in clinical ...

    Authors: Bahare Salehi, Zohreh Ghalavand, Abbas Yadegar and Gita Eslami
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:53
  40. Diverse outcomes reported in clinical trials of antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) interventions in care homes have hindered evidence synthesis. Our main objective was to develop a core outcome set (COS) for use ...

    Authors: Hoa Q. Nguyen, Declan T. Bradley, Michael M. Tunney and Carmel M. Hughes
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:52
  41. The rapid spread of the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic urged immense testing capacities as one cornerstone of infection control. Many institutions opened outpatient SARS-CoV-2 test centers to allow large nu...

    Authors: Thomas Scheier, Cyril Shah, Michael Huber, Hugo Sax, Barbara Hasse, Huldrych F. Günthard, Alexandra Trkola and Peter W. Schreiber
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:51
  42. The burden of antimicrobial resistance is high in solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients. Among Swiss SOT recipients, we assessed temporal trends of ESBL-producing Enterobacterales (ESBL-E), identified risk fact...

    Authors: Philipp Kohler, Aline Wolfensberger, Susanne Stampf, Andreas Brönnimann, Katia Boggian, Christian van Delden, Melody Favre, Cédric Hirzel, Nina Khanna, Stefan P. Kuster, Oriol Manuel, Dionysios Neofytos, Silvio Ragozzino, Peter W. Schreiber, Laura Walti and Nicolas J. Mueller
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:50
  43. Current hand hygiene guidelines do not provide recommendations on a specific volume for the clinical hand rubbing procedure. According to recent studies volume should be adjusted in order to achieve complete c...

    Authors: Constantinos Voniatis, Száva Bánsághi, Andrea Ferencz and Tamás Haidegger
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:49
  44. An effective antibiotic stewardship program relies on the measurement of appropriate antibiotic use, on which there is a lack of consensus. We aimed to develop a set of key quality indicators (QIs) for nationw...

    Authors: Bongyoung Kim, Myung Jin Lee, Se Yoon Park, Song Mi Moon, Kyoung-Ho Song, Tae Hyong Kim, Eu Suk Kim and Hong Bin Kim
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:48
  45. As the only non-European Union (EU) country, Serbia participated in a second point prevalence survey of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) and antimicrobial use (AMU) organized by the European Centre for ...

    Authors: Vesna Šuljagić, Milica Bajčetić, Vesna Mioljević, Gorana Dragovac, Biljana Mijović, Ivana Janićijević, Zorana Đorđević, Gordana Krtinić, Violeta Rakić, Ivana Ćirković, Vladimir Nikolić and Ljiljana Marković-Denić
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:47
  46. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Yang Li, Hai Ge, Hui Zhou, Wanqing Zhou, Jie Zheng, Wei Chen and Xiaoli Cao
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:46

    The original article was published in Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:4

  47. Carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii complex (CRABC) has globally emerged as a serious public health challenge. This study aimed to describe epidemiological trends and risk factors of carbapenem resistanc...

    Authors: Dunja Said, Niklas Willrich, Olaniyi Ayobami, Ines Noll, Tim Eckmanns and Robby Markwart
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:45
  48. The proportion of asymptomatic carriers of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) remains elusive and the potential benefit of systematic screening during the SARS-CoV-2-pandemic is contr...

    Authors: Rahel N. Stadler, Laura Maurer, Lisandra Aguilar-Bultet, Fabian Franzeck, Chantal Ruchti, Richard Kühl, Andreas F. Widmer, Ruth Schindler, Roland Bingisser, Katharina M. Rentsch, Hans Pargger, Raoul Sutter, Luzius Steiner, Christoph Meier, Werner Kübler, Hans H. Hirsch…
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:44
  49. The study aimed to elucidate the species taxonomy, clinical manifestations, virulence gene profiles and antimicrobial susceptibilities of Aeromonas strains isolated from life-threatening bacteremia in southeaster...

    Authors: Yao Sun, Yajie Zhao, Wenya Xu, Renchi Fang, Qing Wu, Haokuang He, Chunquan Xu, Cui Zhou, Jianming Cao, Lijiang Chen and Tieli Zhou
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:43