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  1. The increase of antimicrobial resistance, mainly due to increased antibiotic use, is worrying. Preliminary evidence suggests that antibiotic use differs across ethnic groups in the Netherlands, with higher use...

    Authors: Emelie C. Schuts, Eline van Dulm, Anders Boyd, Marieke B. Snijder, Suzanne E. Geerlings, Maria Prins and Jan M. Prins

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:200

    Content type: Research

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  2. Acinetobacter baumannii causes frequently nosocomial infections worldwide. Its ability to survive on dry surfaces facilitates its spread and the persistence of endemic situations, especially in the intensive care...

    Authors: R. Valencia-Martín, V. Gonzalez-Galan, R. Alvarez-Marín, A. M. Cazalla-Foncueva, T. Aldabó, M. V. Gil-Navarro, I. Alonso-Araujo, C. Martin, R. Gordon, E. J. García-Nuñez, R. Perez, G. Peñalva, J. Aznar, M. Conde and J. M. Cisneros

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:199

    Content type: Research

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  3. Although catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CA-UTI) is a major healthcare-related problem worldwide, there is a scarcity of current data from countries with high antimicrobial resistance rates. We ai...

    Authors: Aina Gomila, Jordi Carratalà, Noa Eliakim-Raz, Evelyn Shaw, Cristian Tebé, Martin Wolkewitz, Irith Wiegand, Sally Grier, Christiane Vank, Nienke Cuperus, Leonard Van den Heuvel, Cuong Vuong, Alasdair MacGowan, Leonard Leibovici, Ibironke Addy and Miquel Pujol

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:198

    Content type: Research

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  4. Antimicrobial resistance has become one of the most severe global threats to human and veterinary Medicine. colistin is an effective therapeutic agent against multi-drug-resistant pathogens. However, the discover...

    Authors: Zeinab S. Ahmed, Esraa A. Elshafiee, Hanan S. Khalefa, Mona Kadry and Dalia A. Hamza

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:197

    Content type: Research

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  5. Little is known about risk factors for subsequent infections among vancomycin resistant Enterococcus faecium (VREfm) colonizers, especially characterized by concordant pulsotypes (CP) of paired colonization and i...

    Authors: Pao-Yu Chen, Yu-Chung Chuang, Jann-Tay Wang, Wang-Huei Sheng, Yee-Chun Chen and Shan-Chwen Chang

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:196

    Content type: Research

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  6. Hand hygiene compliance can be improved by strategies fostering collaborative efforts among healthcare workers (HCWs) through change agents. However, there is limited information about how change agents shape ...

    Authors: Yew Fong Lee, Mary-Louise McLaws, Loke Meng Ong, Suraya Amir Husin, Hock Hin Chua, See Yin Wong, Didier Pittet and Walter Zingg

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:195

    Content type: Research

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  7. Antibiotic resistance is a major global public health threat. Antibiotic use can directly impact the antibiotic resistant genes (ARGs) profile of the human intestinal microbiome and consequently the environmen...

    Authors: Vu Thi Ngoc Bich, Le Viet Thanh, Pham Duy Thai, Tran Thi Van Phuong, Melissa Oomen, Christel Driessen, Erik Beuken, Tran Huy Hoang, H. Rogier van Doorn, John Penders and Heiman F. L. Wertheim

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:194

    Content type: Research

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  8. A multitude of definitions determining multidrug resistance (MDR) of Gram-negative organisms exist worldwide. The definitions differ depending on their purpose and on the issueing country or organization. The ...

    Authors: Aline Wolfensberger, Stefan P. Kuster, Martina Marchesi, Reinhard Zbinden and Michael Hombach

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:193

    Content type: Research

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  9. The effectiveness of alcohol-based hand rubs (ABHRs) depends substantially on their acceptability and tolerability. In this study, we assessed the acceptability and tolerability of a new ABHR (product EU 100.2...

    Authors: Patryk Tarka, Katarzyna Gutkowska and Aneta Nitsch-Osuch

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:191

    Content type: Research

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  10. Poor hand hygiene compliance is one in all the leading contributory factors to healthcare-associated infections. This is an important source of complications across the continuum of care and poses a serious th...

    Authors: Garedew Tadege Engdaw, Mulat Gebrehiwot and Zewudu Andualem

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:190

    Content type: Research

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  11. Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) is one of the leading bacterial causes of intestinal inflammation and diarrhea. However, the ETEC is frequently resistant to common antibiotics. In this study, we explored ...

    Authors: Qian Lin, Guoqi Su, Aimin Wu, Daiwen Chen, Bing Yu, Zhiqing Huang, Yuheng Luo, Xiangbing Mao, Ping Zheng, Jie Yu, Junqiu Luo and Jun He

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:189

    Content type: Research

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  12. The inappropriate use of antibiotics in hospitals increases resistance, morbidity, and mortality. Little is currently known about appropriate antibiotic use among hospitals in Lahore, the capital city of Pakis...

    Authors: Zikria Saleem, Hamid Saeed, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Brian Godman, Usama Asif, Mahrukh Yousaf, Zakiuddin Ahmed, Humayun Riaz and Syed Atif Raza

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:188

    Content type: Research

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  13. Livestock-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) belonging to clonal complex 398 is recognized as an occupational hazard for workers employed in intensive animal husbandry, especially in th...

    Authors: Mattia Pirolo, Daniela Visaggio, Angela Gioffrè, Irene Artuso, Monica Gherardi, Grazia Pavia, Pasquale Samele, Lucia Ciambrone, Rossella Di Natale, Giovanna Spatari, Francesco Casalinuovo and Paolo Visca

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:187

    Content type: Research

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  14. Most septic patients managed by critical care response teams (CCRT) are prescribed antimicrobials. Nevertheless, data evaluating their appropriateness are lacking both locally and internationally. The objectiv...

    Authors: Saad M. Al-Qahtani, Henry Baffoe-Bonnie, Aiman El-Saed, Majid Alshamrani, Abdullah Algwizani, Ali Alaklabi, Khuloud AlJoudi, Nahlah Albaalharith, Azzam Mohammed, Sajid Hussain and Hanan H. Balkhy

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:186

    Content type: Research

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  15. Antibiotic use is largely under-regulated in Egypt leading to the emergence of resistant isolates. Carbapenems are last resort agents to treat Acinetobacter baumannii infections resistant to other classes of anti...

    Authors: Alaa Abouelfetouh, Aisha S. Torky and Elsayed Aboulmagd

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:185

    Content type: Research

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  16. The original article [1] contains an error in Fig. 1 whereby sub-figures 1B, 1C & 1D contain the wrong scale on the x-axis. The correct sub-figures are located ahead in this Correction article and should be co...

    Authors: Kathleen Dittmann, Thomas Schmidt, Gerald Müller, Christiane Cuny, Silva Holtfreter, Daniel Troitzsch, Peter Pfaff and Nils-Olaf Hübner

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:184

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:122

  17. Inadequate training of health care workers responsible for the sterilization of surgical instruments in low- and middle-income countries compromises the safety of workers and patients alike.

    Authors: Olive Fast, Faith-Michael Uzoka, Alexander Cuncannon, Christina Fast, Aliyah Dosani, Elias Charles Nyanza, Dan Fast and Theresia Maduka

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:183

    Content type: Research

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  18. Treatment of chronic osteomyelitis (bone infection) remains a clinical challenge. Our previous study had demonstrated that NEMO-binding domain (NBD) peptide effectively ameliorates the inhibition of osteoblast...

    Authors: Chang-Peng Xu, Ya Chen, Hong-Tao Sun, Zhuang Cui, Ya-Jun Yang, Lei Huang, Bin Yu, Fa-Zheng Wang, Qing-Po Yang and Yong Qi

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:182

    Content type: Research

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  19. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are one of the most common infections found in humans, with uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) being the most common cause. Prevention of UTI is a major global concern due to it...

    Authors: Shivanthi Samarasinghe, Ruth Reid and Majid AL-Bayati

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:181

    Content type: Research

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  20. Residential care facilities (RCFs) act as reservoirs for multidrug-resistant organisms (MDRO). There are scarce data on colonisation with MDROs in Africa. We aimed to determine the prevalence of MDROs and C. diff...

    Authors: Jason September, Leon Geffen, Kathryn Manning, Preneshni Naicker, Cheryl Faro, Marc Mendelson and Sean Wasserman

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:180

    Content type: Research

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  21. Isolation precautions are intended to prevent transmission of infectious agents, yet healthcare provider (HCP) adherence remains suboptimal. This may be due to ambiguity regarding the required precautions or t...

    Authors: Lauren Clack, Manuel Stühlinger, Marie-Theres Meier, Aline Wolfensberger and Hugo Sax

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:179

    Content type: Research

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  22. Many members of Streptococcus and Enterococcus genera are clinically relevant opportunistic pathogens warranting accurate and rapid identification for targeted therapy. Currently, the developed method based on ne...

    Authors: Maja Kosecka-Strojek, Artur J. Sabat, Viktoria Akkerboom, Anna M. D. (Mirjam) Kooistra-Smid, Jacek Miedzobrodzki and Alexander W. Friedrich

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:178

    Content type: Research

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  23. Hand hygiene is a simple and effective solution in prevention of Multi Drug Resistant Organisms. Hand Hygiene campaigns have mostly taken the form of a generalised hospital approach with visual reminders and r...

    Authors: Surinder M. S. Kaur Pada, Poh Ling Chee, Sarathemani Rathenam, Kim Sim Ng, Lilibeth Silagan Alenton, Lishi Poh and Paul Anatharajah Tambyah

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:177

    Content type: Research

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  24. In patients with suspected ventilator-associated pneumonia, a rapid etiological diagnosis is crucial as incorrect or delayed treatment in the first few hours leads to a worse prognosis and a higher mortality r...

    Authors: Almudena Burillo, Viviana de Egea, Raffaella Onori, Pablo Martín-Rabadán, Emilia Cercenado, Laura Jiménez-Navarro, Patricia Muñoz and Emilio Bouza

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:176

    Content type: Research

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  25. Current guidelines have unsatisfied performance in predicting severe outcomes after Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). Our objectives were to develop a risk prediction model for 30-day mortality and to examin...

    Authors: Hsiu-Yin Chiang, Han-Chun Huang, Chih-Wei Chung, Yi-Chun Yeh, Yi-Chin Chen, Ni Tien, Hsiu-Shan Lin, Mao-Wang Ho and Chin-Chi Kuo

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:175

    Content type: Research

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  26. The Asia Pacific Society of Infection Control (APSIC) launched the APSIC Guidelines for the Prevention of Surgical Site Infections in 2018. This document describes the guidelines and recommendations for the se...

    Authors: Moi Lin Ling, Anucha Apisarnthanarak, Azlina Abbas, Keita Morikane, Kil Yeon Lee, Anup Warrier and Koji Yamada

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:174

    Content type: Guidelines article

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  27. Much effort has been made over the last two decades to educate and train healthcare professionals working on antimicrobial resistance in French hospitals. However, little has been done in France to assess perc...

    Authors: L. Vaillant, G. Birgand, M. Esposito-Farese, P. Astagneau, C. Pulcini, J. Robert, J. R. Zahar, E. Sales-Wuillemin, F. Tubach and J. C. Lucet

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:173

    Content type: Research

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  28. Antimicrobial resistance in multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (MDR-AB) isolated from burn wound infections is a major concern in intensive care or burns units worldwide, and molecular studies are consid...

    Authors: Reza Ranjbar and Abbas Farahani

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:172

    Content type: Research

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  29. A number of episodes of nosocomial Agrobacterium spp. bacteremia (two cases per year) were observed at Bern University Hospital, Switzerland, from 2015 to 2017. This triggered an outbreak investigation.

    Authors: Carlo Casanova, Elia Lo Priore, Adrian Egli, Helena M. B. Seth-Smith, Lorenz Räber, Daniel Ott, Valentin Pflüger, Sara Droz, Jonas Marschall and Rami Sommerstein

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:171

    Content type: Research

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  30. Antimicrobial resistance is an increasingly serious threat to public health, and the increased occurrence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria is a concern in both high-income and low- and middle-income count...

    Authors: Sarah Melissa Nørgaard, Camilla Skaarup Jensen, Josefine Aalestrup, Christina M. J. E. Vandenbroucke-Grauls, Mark G. J. de Boer and Alma Becic Pedersen

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:170

    Content type: Review

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  31. Fecal carriage of extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-PE) remains poorly documented in Africa. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of ESBL-PE fecal carriage in...

    Authors: Oumar Ouchar Mahamat, Abdelsalam Tidjani, Manon Lounnas, Mallorie Hide, Julio Benavides, Calèbe Somasse, Abdoul-Salam Ouedraogo, Soufiane Sanou, Christian Carrière, Anne-Laure Bañuls, Hélène Jean-Pierre, Yann Dumont and Sylvain Godreuil

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:169

    Content type: Research

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  32. Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) are a serious antimicrobial resistant threat in the healthcare setting. We assessed the cost-effectiveness of VRE screening and isolation for patients at high-risk for co...

    Authors: Stephen Mac, Tiffany Fitzpatrick, Jennie Johnstone and Beate Sander

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:168

    Content type: Research

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  33. The emergence of carbapenemase-producing (CP) Citrobacter freundii poses a significant threat to public health, especially in high-risk populations. In this study, whole genome sequencing was used to characterize...

    Authors: Rym Lalaoui, Ana Djukovic, Sofiane Bakour, Linda Hadjadj, Jaime Sanz, Miguel Salavert, Jose Luis López-Hontangas, Miguel A. Sanz, Carles Ubeda and Jean-Marc Rolain

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:167

    Content type: Research

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  34. Klebsiella pneumoniae-induced pyogenic liver abscess (KP-PLA) has emerged as a life-threatening disease worldwide. However, to date, a limited number of scholars have attempted to systematically elucidate the cha...

    Authors: Siqin Zhang, Xiucai Zhang, Qing Wu, Xiangkuo Zheng, Guofeng Dong, Renchi Fang, Yizhi Zhang, Jianming Cao and Tieli Zhou

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:166

    Content type: Research

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  35. Hand hygiene is a critical component of infection control. Much of the focus on improving hand hygiene in healthcare settings has been directed towards healthcare worker compliance but its importance for patie...

    Authors: Margaret O’Donoghue, Jacqueline M. C. Ho, Didier Pittet and Lorna K. P. Suen

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:165

    Content type: Research

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  36. Annual influenza vaccination is the most effective way to prevent influenza. Influenza vaccines have traditionally included the hemagglutinins (HA) and neuraminidases (NA) from the two A viruses (H1N1 and H3N2...

    Authors: Guozhong He, Pengfei Yang, Qingli Yan and Chenglong Xiong

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:164

    Content type: Short report

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  37. Antibiotics require more prudent prescribing, dispensing and administration than other medicines because these medicines are at a greater risk of antimicrobial resistance (AMR). Studying the current medicine u...

    Authors: Nebyu Daniel Amaha, Dawit G. Weldemariam, Nuru Abdu and Eyasu H. Tesfamariam

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:163

    Content type: Research

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  38. Health care services must engage all relevant healthcare workers, including nurses, in optimal antimicrobial use to address the global threat of drug-resistant infections. Reflecting upon the variety of antimi...

    Authors: Enrique Castro-Sánchez, Mark Gilchrist, Raheelah Ahmad, Molly Courtenay, Jo Bosanquet and Alison H. Holmes

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:162

    Content type: Research

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  39. Mozambique classifies but does not yet enforce antibiotics as prescription-only-medicine (POM) allowing the public access to a variety of antibiotics that otherwise are provided on prescription. This contribut...

    Authors: Neusa F. Torres, Vernon P. Solomon and Lyn E. Middleton

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:161

    Content type: Research

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  40. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is a curative treatment option for selected diseases of the hematopoietic system. In the context of HSCT, bloodstream infections caused by Gram-negative bacteria ...

    Authors: Claas Baier, Maleen Beck, Viktoria Panagiota, Catherina Lueck, Daniel Kharazipour, Sophie Charlotte Hintze, Robin Bollin, Ella Ebadi, Stefan Ziesing, Matthias Eder, Franz-Christoph Bange and Gernot Beutel

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:160

    Content type: Short report

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  41. Linezolid belongs to a reserve group of antibiotics. In recent years, reports on linezolid resistance in gram-positive cocci have become more frequent. Overuse of linezolid is a relevant factor for resistance ...

    Authors: Tobias Siegfried Kramer, Frank Schwab, Michael Behnke, Sonja Hansen, Petra Gastmeier and Seven Johannes Sam Aghdassi

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:159

    Content type: Research

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  42. Public unrest about the use of antimicrobial agents in farming practice is the leading cause of increasing and the emergences of Multi-drug Resistant Bacteria that have placed pressure on the agri-food industr...

    Authors: Guyue Cheng, Jianan Ning, Saeed Ahmed, Junhong Huang, Rizwan Ullah, Boyu An, Haihong Hao, Menghong Dai, Lingli Huang, Xu Wang and Zonghui Yuan

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:158

    Content type: Review

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  43. The methicillin-resistant clone Staphylococcus capitis NRCS-A, involved in sepsis in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) worldwide, is able to persist and spread in NICUs, suggesting the presence of reservoirs ...

    Authors: Marine Butin, Yann Dumont, Alice Monteix, Aurane Raphard, Christine Roques, Patricia Martins Simoes, Jean-Charles Picaud and Frédéric Laurent

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:157

    Content type: Research

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  44. Carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae are becoming increasingly common in hospital settings worldwide and are a source of increased morbidity, mortality and health care costs. The global epidemiology of carb...

    Authors: Björn Berglund, Ngoc Thi Bich Hoang, Maria Tärnberg, Ngai Kien Le, Maud Nilsson, Dung Thi Khanh Khu, Olov Svartström, Jenny Welander, Lennart E. Nilsson, Linus Olson, Tran Minh Dien, Hai Thanh Le, Mattias Larsson and Håkan Hanberger

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:156

    Content type: Research

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  45. Resistance to antimicrobial agents of pathogenic bacteria has become a major problem in routine medical practices. Carbapenem resistance has long been increasing. The production of carbapenem- hydrolysing β-la...

    Authors: Ranjit Sah, Shusila Khadka, Gentle Sunder Shrestha, Subhash Acharya, Diptesh Aryal, Pramesh Shrestha, Hari Prasad Kattel, Niranjan Prasad Shah, Bharat Mani Pokhrel, Yogendra Prasad Singh, Basista Rijal and Hakan Erdem

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:155

    Content type: Case report

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  46. Brucellosis is one of the most severe widespread zoonoses caused by the Gram-negative bacterium Brucella species. The diagnosis and clinical assessment of human brucellosis are very important for the management o...

    Authors: Heng Yang, Guoxia Zhang, Peifang Luo, Zuoping He, Feihuan Hu, Linhai Li, Jean-Pierre Allain, Chengyao Li and Wenjing Wang

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:154

    Content type: Research

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  47. Recognition of nosocomial outbreaks with antimicrobial resistant (AMR) pathogens and appropriate infection prevention measures are essential to limit the consequences of AMR pathogens to patients in hospitals....

    Authors: Victoria A. Janes, Daan W. Notermans, Ingrid J.B. Spijkerman, Caroline E. Visser, Marja E. Jakobs, Robin van Houdt, Rob J.L. Willems, Menno D. de Jong, Constance Schultsz and Sébastien Matamoros

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:153

    Content type: Research

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  48. We report a recurrent outbreak of postoperative infections with extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)–producing E. cloacae complex in cardiac surgery patients, describe the outbreak investigation and highlight the...

    Authors: Tom Van Maerken, Els De Brabandere, Audrey Noël, Liselotte Coorevits, Pascal De Waegemaeker, Raina Ablorh, Stefaan Bouchez, Ingrid Herck, Harlinde Peperstraete, Pierre Bogaerts, Bruno Verhasselt, Youri Glupczynski, Jerina Boelens and Isabel Leroux-Roels

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:152

    Content type: Research

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  49. Qualitative work has described the differences in prescribing practice across medical and surgical specialties. This study aimed to understand if specialty impacts quantitative measures of prescribing practice.

    Authors: E. Charani, E. de Barra, T. M. Rawson, D. Gill, M. Gilchrist, N. R. Naylor and A. H. Holmes

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:151

    Content type: Research

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