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  1. Research

    Implementation of WHO multimodal strategy for improvement of hand hygiene: a quasi-experimental study in a Traditional Chinese Medicine hospital in Xi’an, China

    Hand hygiene (HH) is an essential component for preventing and controlling of healthcare-associated infection (HAI), whereas compliance with HH among health care workers (HCWs) is frequently poor. This study a...

    Li Shen, Xiaoqing Wang, Junming An, Jialu An, Ning Zhou, Lu Sun, Hong Chen, Lin Feng, Jing Han and Xiaorong Liu

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:98

    Published on: 20 September 2017

  2. Research

    Newest data on fluoroquinolone resistance mechanism of Shigella flexneri isolates in Jiangsu Province of China

    To determine the prevalence, antimicrobial susceptibility patterns and related presence of mutations in quinolone resistance-determining region (QRDR) genes and plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance (PMQR) among

    Tingting Qin, Huimin Qian, Wenting Fan, Ping Ma, Lu Zhou, Chen Dong, Bing Gu and Xiang Huo

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:97

    Published on: 19 September 2017

  3. Research

    The effect of antibiotic use on prevalence of nosocomial vancomycin-resistant enterococci- an ecologic study

    Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) are among the most common antimicrobial-resistant pathogens causing nosocomial infections. Although antibiotic use has been identified as a risk factor for VRE, it remain...

    Cornelius Remschmidt, Michael Behnke, Axel Kola, Luis A. Peña Diaz, Anna M. Rohde, Petra Gastmeier and Frank Schwab

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:95

    Published on: 13 September 2017

  4. Research

    Chlorhexidine is not an essential component in alcohol-based surgical hand preparation: a comparative study of two handrubs based on a modified EN 12791 test protocol

    Surgical hand preparation is an essential part of modern surgery. Both alcohol-based and antiseptic detergent-based hand preparation are recommended practices, with a trend towards use of alcohol based handrub...

    Thomas-Jörg Hennig, Sebastian Werner, Kathrin Naujox and Andreas Arndt

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:96

    Published on: 13 September 2017

  5. Letter to the Editor

    Prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in retail food in Singapore

    We characterised 227 Staphylococcus aureus isolates from retail food and food handlers’ gloves samples obtained through food surveillance and risk assessment studies between 2011 and 2014. Of 227 isolates, five (...

    Kyaw Thu Aung, Li Yang Hsu, Tse Hsien Koh, Hapuarachchige Chanditha Hapuarachchi, Man Ling Chau, Ramona Alikiiteaga Gutiérrez and Lee Ching Ng

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:94

    Published on: 8 September 2017

  6. Research

    Outbreak of Fusarium oxysporum infections in children with cancer: an experience with 7 episodes of catheter-related fungemia

    Fusarium species are widely spread in nature as plant pathogens but are also able to cause opportunistic fungal infections in humans. We report a cluster of Fusarium oxysporum bloodstr...

    Fabianne Carlesse, Anna-Paula C. Amaral, Sarah S. Gonçalves, Hemilio Xafranski, Maria-Lucia M. Lee, Victor Zecchin, Antonio S. Petrilli, Abdullah M. Al-Hatmi, Ferry Hagen, Jacques F. Meis and Arnaldo L. Colombo

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:93

    Published on: 7 September 2017

  7. Research

    Epidemic characterization and molecular genotyping of Shigella flexneri isolated from calves with diarrhea in Northwest China

    The widespread presence of antibiotics resistance genes in pathogenic bacteria can cause enormous problems. Food animals are one of the main reservoirs of intestinal pathogens that pose a potential risk to hum...

    Zhen Zhu, Mingze Cao, Xuzheng Zhou, Bing Li and Jiyu Zhang

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:92

    Published on: 6 September 2017

  8. Research

    Key features of mcr-1-bearing plasmids from Escherichia coli isolated from humans and food

    Mcr-1-harboring Enterobacteriaceae are reported worldwide since their first discovery in 2015. However, a limited number of studies are available that compared full-length plasmid sequ...

    Katrin Zurfluh, Magdalena Nüesch-Inderbinen, Jochen Klumpp, Laurent Poirel, Patrice Nordmann and Roger Stephan

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:91

    Published on: 6 September 2017

  9. Research

    Infection control at an urban hospital in Manila, Philippines: a systems engineering assessment of barriers and facilitators

    Healthcare facilities in low- and middle-income countries, including the Philippines, face substantial challenges in achieving effective infection control. Early stages of interventions should include efforts ...

    Kaitlin F. Mitchell, Anna K. Barker, Cybele L. Abad and Nasia Safdar

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:90

    Published on: 2 September 2017

  10. Research

    Antibiotic resistance and biofilm formation among coagulase-negative staphylococci isolated from clinical samples at a tertiary care hospital of eastern Nepal

    Coagulase negative staphylococci were long regarded non-pathogenic as they are the commensals of human skin and mucosa but the recent changes in the medical practice and changes in underlying host populations,...

    Lok Bahadur Shrestha, Narayan Raj Bhattarai and Basudha Khanal

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:89

    Published on: 31 August 2017

  11. Case report

    Pseudomonas Endocarditis with an unstable phenotype: the challenges of isolate characterization and Carbapenem stewardship with a partial review of the literature

    Pseudomonas endocarditis is exceedingly rare, especially in patients without predisposing risks. We present such a case that included unexpected switches in antibacterial resistance pr...

    Emil Lesho, Erik Snesrud, Yoon Kwak, Ana Ong, Rosslyn Maybank, Maryrose Laguio-Vila, Ann R. Falsey and Mary Hinkle

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:87

    Published on: 29 August 2017

  12. Research

    Duration of colonization with and risk factors for prolonged carriage of multidrug resistant organisms among residents in long-term care facilities

    Residents of long-term care facilities (LTCFs) colonized with multidrug resistant organisms (MDROs) are often placed under contact isolation to ensure appropriate infection control. This isolation may reduce o...

    I-Wen Lin, Chiao-Yu Huang, Sung-Ching Pan, Yng-Chyi Chen and Chia-Ming Li

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:86

    Published on: 25 August 2017

  13. Research

    Genetic characterization of novel class 1 Integrons In0, In1069 and In1287 to In1290, and the inference of In1069-associated integron evolution in Enterobacteriaceae

    This study aims to characterize genetically related class 1 integrons In1069, In893 and In1287 to In1290, and to further propose a scheme of stepwise integration or excision of individual gene cassettes (GCs) ...

    Dongguo Wang, Jianfeng Zhu, Kaiyu Zhou, Jiayu Chen, Zhe Yin, Jiao Feng, Liman Ma and Dongsheng Zhou

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:84

    Published on: 22 August 2017

  14. Letter to the Editor

    High prevalence of the mcr-1 gene in retail chicken meat in the Netherlands in 2015

    Recently, plasmid-mediated colistin resistance was reported in humans, animals and food. We studied the presence of mcr-1 and mcr-2 in Dutch retail chicken meat. The prevalence of mcr-1 was 24,8% (53/214), wherea...

    Eefje J. A. Schrauwen, Pepijn Huizinga, Nick van Spreuwel, Carlo Verhulst, Marjolein F. Q. Kluytmans-van den Bergh and Jan A. J. W. Kluytmans

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:83

    Published on: 18 August 2017

  15. Research

    An electronic trigger tool to optimise intravenous to oral antibiotic switch: a controlled, interrupted time series study

    Timely switch from intravenous (iv) antibiotics to oral therapy is a key component of antimicrobial stewardship programs in order to improve patient safety, promote early discharge and reduce costs. We have in...

    Marvin A. H. Berrevoets, Johannes (Hans) L. W. Pot, Anne E. Houterman, Anton (Ton) S. M. Dofferhoff, Marrigje H. Nabuurs-Franssen, Hanneke W. H. A. Fleuren, Bart-Jan Kullberg, Jeroen A. Schouten and Tom Sprong

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:81

    Published on: 15 August 2017

  16. Research

    Antibiotic resistance, ability to form biofilm and susceptibility to copper alloys of selected staphylococcal strains isolated from touch surfaces in Polish hospital wards

    Despite the employment of sanitary regimes, contact transmission of the aetiological agents of hospital infections is still exceedingly common. The issue of microbe transmission becomes particularly important ...

    Anna Różańska, Agnieszka Chmielarczyk, Dorota Romaniszyn, Małgorzata Bulanda, Monika Walkowicz, Piotr Osuch and Tadeusz Knych

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:80

    Published on: 14 August 2017

  17. Short report

    Knowledge sharing in infection prevention in routine and outbreak situations: a survey of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America Research Network

    In this cross-sectional Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America Research Network survey on knowledge sharing in infection prevention we identified a rudimentary understanding of how to communicate and s...

    Rami Sommerstein, Sonja Geser, Andrew Atkinson, Franziska Tschan, Daniel J. Morgan and Jonas Marschall

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:79

    Published on: 8 August 2017

  18. Research

    Plasmid-mediated mcr-1 colistin resistance in Escherichia coli and Klebsiella spp. clinical isolates from the Western Cape region of South Africa

    Colistin is a last resort antibiotic for the treatment of carbapenem-resistant Gram negative infections. Until recently, mechanisms of colistin resistance were limited to chromosomal mutations which confer a h...

    Mae Newton-Foot, Yolandi Snyman, Motlatji Reratilwe Bonnie Maloba and Andrew Christopher Whitelaw

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:78

    Published on: 3 August 2017

  19. Research

    Evaluation of automated systems for aminoglycosides and fluoroquinolones susceptibility testing for Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae

    Automated systems (MicroScan WalkAway 96 Plus, Phoenix 100, and Vitek 2 Compact) are widely used in clinical laboratories nowadays. The aim of this study is to evaluate the performance of these three systems f...

    Zhichang Zhao, Fangjun Lan, Maobai Liu, Weiyuan Chen, Liya Huang, Qili Lin and Bin Li

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:77

    Published on: 1 August 2017

  20. Research

    Antimicrobial use and antimicrobial susceptibility in Escherichia coli on small- and medium-scale pig farms in north-eastern Thailand

    Intensification of livestock production seen in many low- and middle-income countries is often believed to be associated with increased use of antimicrobials, and may hence contribute to the emergence of antim...

    G. Ström, M. Halje, D. Karlsson, J. Jiwakanon, M. Pringle, L.-L. Fernström and U. Magnusson

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:75

    Published on: 17 July 2017

  21. Research

    The impact of methicillin-resistant S. aureus on length of stay, readmissions and costs: a register based case-control study of patients hospitalized in Norway

    Patients with methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) are thought to incur additional costs for hospitals due to longer stay and contact isolation. The aim of this study was to assess the costs associated with MRS...

    A. Elizabeth S. Andreassen, Caroline M. Jacobsen, BirgitteFreiesleben de Blasio, Richard White, Ivar Sønbø Kristiansen and Petter Elstrøm

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:74

    Published on: 6 July 2017

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